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HTML5 MathML Complete Reference

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  • Last Updated : 23 Jan, 2023
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The MathML comes in HTML5 the current MathML version is 3 it was introduced in the year 2015. The MathML stands for Mathematics Markup Language. It is used to represent mathematical equations or expressions in web browsers like other HTML elements. The MathML is used to describe mathematics as a basis for the machine to machine communication, it is intended to be handled by specialized authoring tools such as equation editors and it is meaningful to other applications also.

Example:

html




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>HTML5 MathML</title>
</head>
 
<body style="text-align:center;">
 
    <h1 style="color:green">
        GeeksforGeeks
    </h1>
 
    <h3>HTML5 MathML</h3>
 
    <!--start tag of the whole representation-->
    <math>
 
        <!-- Creating Matrix -->
        <mrow>
            <mi>A</mi>
            <mo>=</mo>
 
            <mfenced open="[" close="]">
 
                <mtable>
                    <mtr>
                        <mtd>
                            <mi>a</mi>
                        </mtd>
                        <mtd>
                            <mi>b</mi>
                        </mtd>
                    </mtr>
 
                    <mtr>
                        <mtd>
                            <mi>x</mi>
                        </mtd>
                        <mtd>
                            <mi>y</mi>
                        </mtd>
                    </mtr>
 
                </mtable>
 
            </mfenced>
        </mrow>
 
        <!-- Creating equation -->
        <br><br>
        <msub>
            <mi>Geeks</mi>
            <mn>4</mn>
        </msub>
        <mo>+</mo>
        <mn>Geeks</mn>
        <mo>=</mo>
        <msub>
            <mi>G</mi>
        </msub>
        <mo>→</mo>
        <msub>
            <mi>e</mi>
            <mn>2</mn>
        </msub>
        <mo>→</mo>
        <mi>k</mi>
        <mi>s</mi>
        <mn>4
        </mn>
        <msub>
            <mi>G</mi>
        </msub>
        <mo>→</mo>
        <msub>
            <mi>e</mi>
            <mn>2</mn>
        </msub>
        <mo>→</mo>
        <mi>k</mi>
        <mi>s</mi>
    </math>
</body>
 
</html>


Output:

MathML Tag

Description

Example

math Write a single mathematical formula.
maction Show the bind action of any expression.
menclose Render the contents inside an enclosing notation specified by the notation attribute.
merror Wrap the expression in a box, makes that expression eye-catching.
mfenched Add custom open and closing parentheses.
mfrac Add fraction symbols between two digits or equations
mglyph Print non-standard symbols.
mi Such as any kind of symbol or function.
mlabeledtr Represent a label in a row, either on the left or on the right side inside of the <mtable> element.
mmultiscripts Create multi-dimensional matrices.
mn Display a numeric character which is normally a sequence of digits with a possible separator.
mo Print operator between elements.
mover This tag is used to attach an accent or a limit over an expression.
mpadded Extra padding and to set the general adjustment of the position and size of enclosed contents.
mphantom To render invisibly but the dimensional are still kept.
mroot Display the power of the root like root squire.
mrow Create a row that contains some mathematical expression or any random text.
ms Represent a string that will represent the mathematical expression by programming languages
mspace It is used to print blank space.
msqrt Display the root squire of the element content.
style Change the styles of the children’s elements.
msub Print the base power on any expression.
msubsup Print base power and power on any expression.
msup Print power on any expression.
mtable Create tables or matrices in HTML5
mtd Create table data of a table or matrices in HTML5.
mtext Print any text before or after any expression.
mtr Create a row of a table or the matrices in HTML5.
mth Create a header of a table or the matrices in HTML5. It is similar to <th> of a table tag.
munder Attach any accent or limit under the expression.
munderover Attach any accent or limit under the expression plus over the expression.
semantics Markup mathematics there are two possible ways to markup mathematics.

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