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Hriday Scheme

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  • Last Updated : 02 Jul, 2022
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The HRIDAY Scheme, also known as the National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana, is a central sector programme. In 2015, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs unveiled the HRIDAY programme. The HRIDAY scheme was established to fully utilise the varied natural, historic, and cultural resources of the nation. Even though the Ministry of Urban Development launched various programmes in 2006 to improve India’s heritage cities, the majority of them were carried out without adequate linkage planning. 

HRIDAY (National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana):

  • As a Central Sector programme, the HRIDAY programme received all of its money from the Union Government.
  • The project was finished in March 2019 after a four-year period starting in December 2014.
  • The strategy called for spending 500 crores to implement the scheme.
  • The HRIDAY programme was established with the intention of preserving the distinctiveness of the heritage city and facilitating heritage-related urban development by investigating various options.
  • The plan called for conceptual design, development, implementation, and management of the twelve chosen heritage cities in collaboration with the corresponding state governments.
  • The strategy included inclusive urban design, inclusive economic growth, and the conservation and holistic development of heritage assets.
  • With an emphasis on the improvement of the entire ecosystem, including its residents, visitors, and local businesses, it aims to promote the integrated, inclusive, and sustainable development of heritage sites rather than just maintaining the monuments.
  • The full cost of the programme will be covered by the central government.
  • For the quick development of heritage cities, the states and local urban bodies are asked to supplement their resources.
  • The government, academic institutions, and the local community will collaborate on the project while incorporating low-cost technologies.

The Objective of HRIDAY Scheme:

  • Infrastructure planning, development, and implementation should take heritage sensitivity into account, as should service delivery and infrastructure development in central sections of historic cities.
  • Renovate and preserve historic buildings to allow visitors to experience the distinctive character of each historical city.
  • As a foundation for urban planning, growth, service planning, and service delivery, create a heritage asset inventory of cities that documents constructed, cultural, living, and natural heritage.
  • Improvements to basic services with a focus on sanitation (such as water faucets and public restrooms), safety (such as street lights), and tourism amenities.
  • Along with the preservation of legacy and the development of local companies based on heritage, establish connections between cultural facilities and tourism.
  • Urban heritage through adaptive maintenance, such as renovation employing the right technologies to add modern conveniences to old buildings. 
  • This objective also includes creating public-private partnerships for maintaining and conserving historic buildings.
  • Promotion of economic activities to expand employment opportunities for those who live on and around historic places. This involves fostering skill development among individuals and facilitating access to public and cultural areas.
  • Employing contemporary ICT tools to make cities informative and contemporary security systems like CCTV to make cities secure.
  • By creating roads, implementing universal design, utilizing GIS to map out historical places, creating a digital archive of the past, and other methods, heritage sites can be more easily accessed.

Cities under the HRIDAY Program List:

The National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY), scheme was launched on 21st January 2015 and in the first phase 12 heritage cities mentioned under the HRIDAY development plan are as follows:

  1. 1. Ajmer
  2. Amravati
  3. Amritsar
  4. Badami
  5. Dwarka
  6. Gaya
  7. Kanchipuram
  8. Mathura
  9. Puri
  10. Varanasi
  11. Velankanni
  12. Warangal

Components of HRIDAY Scheme:

The HRIDAY program concentrated on four key areas: Physical infrastructure, Economic infrastructure, Social infrastructure, and Institutional infrastructure with the goal of reviving and revitalising the soul of the designated heritage cities. 

The following list includes the HRIDAY scheme’s indicative components:

  • A heritage management plan is produced as a result of heritage documentation and mapping. This was accomplished by compiling a list of a city’s tangible and intangible heritage assets and mapping them using a Geographic Information System.
  • Service delivery and heritage revitalization are related. This includes creating cultural events, fairs, festivals, and museums as well as connecting heritage sites to other service offerings at the local and municipal levels.
  • Knowledge management and skill development made up the third indicative component. 
  • The creation of websites, city maps, catalogues, brochures, digital display boards, direction pillars, and other materials was included in this. It also covered the training of local tour guides, craftsmen, and craftspeople.

Outcomes of the HRIDAY Scheme:

The HRIDAY program’s mission term ended on March 31, 2019, and it has the following outcomes:

  • The plan had aided in the creation of connections between important civic infrastructure projects and key heritage monuments. 
  • It had a significant impact on the redevelopment of urban infrastructure in regions close to the cities’ historical, religious, cultural, and tourist attractions.
  • In the cities of Varanasi, Amaravati, Ajmer, and Amritsar, around 59 roadways leading to historical landmarks have been finished. 
  • Amritsar, Puri, and Ajmer’s public parks and gardens were revitalised.

Conclusion:

The Government of India chose to bring about an integrated, inclusive, and sustainable development in heritage cities in order to capitalise on the industry’s limitless potential. To that end, the HRIDAY plan was introduced. This program aims to preserve and develop historic cities while preserving their aesthetic value. After its completion, it improved the basic infrastructure of a few heritage cities.

Related Frequently Asked Questions and Solutions:

Q1. What is the HRIDAY Scheme?

Answer: The HRIDAY Scheme, also known as the National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana, is a central sector programme. In 2015, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs unveiled the HRIDAY programme. The HRIDAY scheme was established to fully utilise the varied natural, historic, and cultural resources of the nation.  

Q.2 How many cities are the parts of the 1st phase of the HRIDAY scheme?

Answer: The HRIDAY initiative covered 12 cities. The twelve heritage cities selected for the programme were Ajmer, Amravati, Amritsar, Badami, Dwarka, Gaya, Kanchipuram, Mathura, Puri, Varanasi, Velankanni, and Warangal.

Q3. Mention the outcomes of the HRIDAY Scheme?

Answer: The HRIDAY program’s mission term ended on March 31, 2019, and it has the following outcomes:

  • The plan had aided in the creation of connections between important civic infrastructure projects and key heritage monuments. 
  • It also had a significant impact on the redevelopment of urban infrastructure in regions close to the cities’ historical, religious, cultural, and tourist attractions.
  • In the cities of Varanasi, Amaravati, Ajmer, and Amritsar, around 59 roadways leading to historical landmarks have been finished. 
  • Amritsar, Puri, and Ajmer’s public parks and gardens were revitalised.

Q4. Who launched the HRIDAY scheme?

Answer: The Ministry of Urban Development introduced the HRIDAY programme on January 21, 2015. It was a central sector programme that was primarily implemented to preserve the nation’s different cultural legacies.

Q5. What was the objective of the HRIDAY scheme?

Answer: The HRIDAY scheme’s major objective was to conserve the heritage city’s unique characteristics and to make it easier for heritage-related urban development by looking at several options. It concentrated on the country’s planning, creation, and deployment of a number of infrastructures that were sensitive to its cultural legacy.

 


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