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How to validate ISIN using Regular Expressions

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  • Last Updated : 20 Dec, 2022
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ISIN  stands for  International Securities Identification Number.

Given string str, the task is to check whether the given string is a valid  ISIN(International Securities Identification Number) or not by using Regular Expression. The valid ISIN(International Securities Identification Number)  must satisfy the following conditions: 

  1. It Should be the combination of digits and alphabets, and sometimes it includes a hyphen (-) also.
  2. If ISIN Contains a hyphen (-) then Its length should be equal to 14, else length should be equal to 12.
  3. ISIN code must start with alphabets only.
  4. It should end with digits.
  5. It Should not contain white spaces.
  6. Apart from Hyphen Symbol (-), It should not contain any special characters.

Examples:

Input: str=”US012071998”
Output: True
Explanation: As it starts with  alphabets,  ends with digit and length is  equal to 12.

Input: str=”US-01207199-8”
Output: True
Explanation: It contains hyphen(-), Hence its length should be equal to 14.

Input: str=”@US-12345”
Output: false
Explanation: It starts with special symbol “@” and not satisfying with the proper format of ISIN Codes

Input: str=”XS9136812895”
Output: false
Explanation: Its length is greater than 12.

Input: str=”IN01012023”
Output: false
Explanation: Its length is not equal to 12.

Approach:

The Idea is to use Regular Expression. Regex will validate the entered data and will provide the exact format. Below are steps that can be taken for the problem:

The regex pattern to validate the ISIN code should be as written below:

regex = “^[A-Z]{2}[-]{0, 1}[0-9A-Z]{8}[-]{0, 1}[0-9]{1}$” 

Where,

  • ^ Indicates starts of the string
  • [A-Z]{2} matches two  preceding characters in the range form “A” to “Z”.
  • [-]{0, 1} will match one or zero  preceding hyphen symbol  in the string.
  • [0-9A-Z{8} This will match 8 of the preceding items in the range of “A” to “Z” and 0 to 9.
  • [0-9]{1} It will match one of the preceding items in the range of 0 to 9.

Follow the below steps to implement the idea:

  • Create the pattern.
  • Match the given string with the regular expression. In Java, this can be done by using Pattern.matcher().
  • Return true if the string matches with the given regular expression, else return false.

Below is the implementation of the above approach.

C++

// C++ program to validate the
// ISIN Code using Regular
// Expression

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
#include <regex>
using namespace std;

// Function to validate the
// ISIN Code
string isValid_ISIN_Code(string isin_code)
{
    // Regex to check valid
    // ISIN Code.
    const regex pattern("^[A-Z]{2}[-]{0,1}[0-9A-Z]{8}[-]{0,1}[0-9]{1}$");

    // If the isin_code
    // is empty return false
    if (isin_code.empty()) {
        return "false";
    }

    // Return true if the isin_code
    // matched the ReGex
    if (regex_match(isin_code, pattern)) {
        return "true";
    }
    else {
        return "false";
    }
}

// Driver Code
int main()
{
    // Test Case 1:
    string str1 = "US012071998";
    cout << isValid_ISIN_Code(str1) << endl;

    // Test Case 2:
    string str2 = "US-01207199-8";
    cout << isValid_ISIN_Code(str2) << endl;

    // Test Case 3:
    string str3 = "@US-12345";
    cout << isValid_ISIN_Code(str3) << endl;

    // Test Case 4:
    string str4 = "XS9136812895";
    cout << isValid_ISIN_Code(str4) << endl;

    // Test Case 5:
    string str5 = "US45256BAD38";
    cout << isValid_ISIN_Code(str5) << endl;

    // Test Case 6:
    string str6 = "IN01012023";
    cout << isValid_ISIN_Code(str6) << endl;

    return 0;
}

// This code is contributed by Aman Kumar.

Java

// Java program to validate the
// ISIN Code using Regular Expression

import java.util.regex.*;

class GFG {
    // Function to validate the
    // ISIN Code
    public static boolean
    isValid_ISIN_Code(String isin_code)
    {
        // Regex to check valid ISIN Code
        String regex
            = "^[A-Z]{2}[-]{0, 1}[0-9A-Z]{8}[-]{0, 1}[0-9]{1}$";

        // Compile the ReGex
        Pattern p = Pattern.compile(regex);

        // If the isin_code
        // is empty return false
        if (isin_code == null) {
            return false;
        }

        // Pattern class contains matcher() method
        // to find matching between given
        // isin_code  using regular expression.
        Matcher m = p.matcher(isin_code);

        // Return if the isin_code
        // matched the ReGex
        return m.matches();
    }

    // Driver Code.
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        // Test Case 1:
        String str1 = "US012071998";
        System.out.println(isValid_ISIN_Code(str1));

        // Test Case 2:
        String str2 = "US-01207199-8";
        System.out.println(isValid_ISIN_Code(str2));

        // Test Case 3:
        String str3 = "@US-12345";
        System.out.println(isValid_ISIN_Code(str3));

        // Test Case 4:
        String str4 = "XS9136812895";
        System.out.println(isValid_ISIN_Code(str4));

        // Test Case 5:
        String str5 = "US45256BAD38";
        System.out.println(isValid_ISIN_Code(str5));

        // Test Case 6:
        String str6 = "IN01012023";
        System.out.println(isValid_ISIN_Code(str6));
    }
}

Python3

# Python3 program to validate
# ISIN Code  using Regular Expression
import re

# Function to validate ISIN
def isValid_ISIN_Code(str):

    # Regex to check valid ISIN Code
    regex = "^[A-Z]{2}[-]{0, 1}[0-9A-Z]{8}[-]{0, 1}[0-9]{1}$"

    # Compile the ReGex
    p = re.compile(regex)

    # If the string is empty
    # return false
    if (str == None):
        return False

    # Return if the string
    # matched the ReGex
    if(re.search(p, str)):
        return True
    else:
        return False

# Driver code
if __name__ == '__main__':
    
    # Test Case 1:
    str1 = "US012071998"
    print(isValid_ISIN_Code(str1))
    
    # Test Case 2:
    str2 = "US-01207199-8"
    print(isValid_ISIN_Code(str2))
    
    # Test Case 3:
    str3 = "@US-12345"
    print(isValid_ISIN_Code(str3))
    
    
    # Test Case 4:
    str4 = "XS9136812895"
    print(isValid_ISIN_Code(str4))
    
    # Test Case 5:
    str5 = "US45256BAD38"
    print(isValid_ISIN_Code(str5))
    
    # Test Case 6:
    str6 = "IN01012023"
    print(isValid_ISIN_Code(str6))

C#

// C# program to validate the
// ISIN Code using Regular Expression

using System;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;

public class GFG {
    // Function to validate the
    // ISIN Code
    public static bool
    isValid_ISIN_Code(string isin_code)
    {
        // Regex to check valid ISIN Code
        string regex
            = "^[A-Z]{2}[-]{0, 1}[0-9A-Z]{8}[-]{0, 1}[0-9]{1}$";

        // Compile the ReGex
        Regex p = new Regex(regex);

        // If the isin_code
        // is empty return false
        if (isin_code == null) {
            return false;
        }

        // Pattern class contains matcher() method
        // to find matching between given
        // isin_code using regular expression.
        Match m = p.Match(isin_code);

        // Return if the isin_code
        // matched the ReGex
        return m.Success;
    }

    // Driver Code.
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Test Case 1:
        string str1 = "US012071998";
        Console.WriteLine(isValid_ISIN_Code(str1));

        // Test Case 2:
        string str2 = "US-01207199-8";
        Console.WriteLine(isValid_ISIN_Code(str2));

        // Test Case 3:
        string str3 = "@US-12345";
        Console.WriteLine(isValid_ISIN_Code(str3));

        // Test Case 4:
        string str4 = "XS9136812895";
        Console.WriteLine(isValid_ISIN_Code(str4));

        // Test Case 5:
        string str5 = "US45256BAD38";
        Console.WriteLine(isValid_ISIN_Code(str5));

        // Test Case 6:
        string str6 = "IN01012023";
        Console.WriteLine(isValid_ISIN_Code(str6));
    }
}

// This code is contributed by Pushpesh Raj.

Javascript

// Javascript program to validate
// ISIN Code  using Regular Expression

// Function to validate the
// ISIN Code  
function isValid_ISIN_Code(isin_code) {
    // Regex to check valid
    // ISIN CODE
    let regex = new RegExp(/^[A-Z]{2}[-]{0, 1}[0-9A-Z]{8}[-]{0, 1}[0-9]{1}$/);

    // ISIN CODE
    // is empty return false
    if (isin_code == null) {
        return "false";
    }

    // Return true if the isin_code
    // matched the ReGex
    if (regex.test(isin_code) == true) {
        return "true";
    }
    else {
        return "false";
    }
}

// Driver Code
// Test Case 1:
let str1 = "US012071998";
console.log(isValid_ISIN_Code(str1));

// Test Case 2:
let str2 = "US-01207199-8";
console.log(isValid_ISIN_Code(str2));

// Test Case 3:
let str3 = "@US-12345";
console.log(isValid_ISIN_Code(str3));

// Test Case 4:
let str4 = "XS9136812895";
console.log(isValid_ISIN_Code(str4));

// Test Case 5:
let str5 = "US45256BAD38";
console.log(isValid_ISIN_Code(str5));

// Test Case 6:
let str6 = "IN01012023";
console.log(isValid_ISIN_Code(str6));

// This code is contributed by Rahul Chauhan
Output

true
true
false
false
false
false

Time Complexity: O(N) where N is the length of the string.
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

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