How to Use String.matches() as a Substitute of startWith() Method in Java?
String startsWith() as the syntax suggests this method is present in String class which is responsible for testing if a string starts with the specified prefix beginning from the first index.
public boolean startsWith(String prefix)
Parameters: The prefix to be matched.
Return Value: It returns true if the character sequence represented by the argument is a prefix of the character sequence represented by this string; false otherwise.
There exist two substitutes of startWith() as listed below:
- Regular expressions
- matches() method of String class
Let us discuss both methods which are as follows:
Method 1: Using Regular Expression
Regular Expressions or Regex (in short) is an API for defining String patterns that can be used for searching, manipulating, and editing a string in Java. Email validation and passwords are a few areas of strings where Regex is widely used to define the constraints. Regular Expressions are provided under java.util.regex package. This consists of 3 classes and 1 interface. The java.util.regex package primarily consists of the following three classes as depicted below in tabular format as follows:
Check whether string starts with Welcome using startsWith : true Check whether string starts with Welcome using Regex: true
Method 2: Using matches() method of String class
String.matchs() method tells whether or not this string matches the given regular expression. An invocation of this method of the form str.matches(regex) yields exactly the same result as the expression Pattern.matches(regex, str).
public boolean matches(String regex)
Parameters: The regular expression to which this string is to be matched.
Return Value: This method returns true if, and only if, this string matches the given regular expression.
Check whether string starts with Welcome using startsWith : true Check whether string starts with Welcome using Matches: true