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How to scrape the web with Playwright in Python

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  • Last Updated : 03 Jun, 2022
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In this article, we will discuss about Playwright framework, Its feature, the advantages of the Playwright, and the Scraping of a basic webpage.

The playwright is a framework for Web Testing and Automation. It is a fairly new web testing tool from Microsoft introduced to let users automate webpages more efficiently with fewer initial requirements as compared to the already existing tool Selenium. Although Playwright is significantly better than Selenium in terms of speed, usability, and reliability, It allows testing Chromium, Firefox, and WebKit with a single API. The playwright is built to enable cross-browser web automation that is reliable, and fast.

Features of  Playwright

  • Headless execution.
  • Auto wait for elements.
  • Intercept network activity.
  • Emulate mobile devices, geolocation, and permissions.
  • Support web components via shadow piercing selectors.
  • Capture video, screenshots, and HAR files.
  • Contexts allow for isolated sessions.
  • Parallel execution.

Advantages  of  Playwright

  • Cross-browser executable
  • Completely open source
  • Well documentation
  • Executes tests in parallel
  • API testing
  • Context isolation
  • Python support

Creating a Python virtual environment

It is always advisable to work in a separate virtual environment specifically if you are using a particular library. Here, we are creating a virtual environment “venv” and activating it.

Creating virtual environment

virtualenv venv

Activating it

venv/Scripts/activate

Installing and setting up Playwright:

pip install playwright
playwright install

Automating and scraping data from a webpage

After installing the Playwright library, now it’s time to write some code to automate a webpage. For this article, we will use quotes.toscrape.com.

Step 1: We will import some necessary packages and set up the main function.

Python3




from playwright.sync_api import sync_playwright
  
def main():
    pass
  
if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()


Step 2: Now we will write our codes in the ‘main’ function. This code will open the above webpage, wait for 10000 milliseconds, and then it will close the webpage.

Python3




with sync_playwright() as p:
    browser = p.chromium.launch(headless=False)
    page = browser.new_page()
    page.goto('https://quotes.toscrape.com/')
    page.wait_for_timeout(10000)
    browser.close()


 

Step 3: This will select all boxes with the ‘author’ class with for loop, and we will iterate through each element and will extract the quote and its author name. It always makes recommended to use a Python dictionary to store different data fields with key and value pairs. After that, we are printing out the dictionary in the terminal.

Python3




all_quotes = page.query_selector_all('.quote')
for quote in all_quotes:
    quote = quote.query_selector('.text').inner_text()
    author = quote.query_selector('.author').inner_text()
    print({'Author': author, 'Quote': quote})
page.wait_for_timeout(10000)
browser.close()


Code Implementation 

Complete code to scrape quotes and their authors:

Python3




from playwright.sync_api import sync_playwright
  
def main():
    with sync_playwright() as p:
        browser = p.chromium.launch(headless=False)
        page = browser.new_page()
        page.goto('https://quotes.toscrape.com/')
        all_quotes = page.query_selector_all('.quote')
          
        for quote in all_quotes:
            quote = quote.query_selector('.text').inner_text()
            author = quote.query_selector('.author').inner_text()
            print({'Author': author, 'Quote': quote})
              
        page.wait_for_timeout(10000)
        browser.close()
  
  
if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()


Output : 

 


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