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How to plot two histograms together in Matplotlib?

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  • Difficulty Level : Expert
  • Last Updated : 12 Sep, 2022
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Creating the histogram provides the visual representation of data distribution. By using a histogram we can represent a large amount of data and its frequency as one continuous plot. 

How to plot a histogram using Matplotlib

For creating the Histogram in Matplotlib we use hist() function which belongs to pyplot module. For plotting two histograms together, we have to use hist() function separately with two datasets by giving some settings. 

Syntax of matplotlib.pyplot.hist

matplotlib.pyplot.hist(x, bins, edgecolor color, label)

Example 1:

Here, we are simply taking two series using the Numpy random and passing both series to the hist()function, and we’re using the same plot to plot two histograms together.

Python3




# importing libraries
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
 
# generating two series of random
# values using numpy random module
# of shape (500,1)
series1 = np.random.randn(500, 1)
series2 = np.random.randn(400, 1)
 
# plotting first histogram
plt.hist(series1)
 
# plotting second histogram
plt.hist(series2)
 
# Showing the plot using plt.show()
plt.show()


Output:

plot two histograms together in Matplotlib

 

Example 2:

Here, we are using label, edgecolor, and opacity.

Python3




# importing libraries
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from numpy.lib.histograms import histogram
 
# generating two series of random values
# using numpy random module of shape (500,1)
series1 = np.random.randn(500, 1)
series2 = np.random.randn(400, 1)
 
# plotting first histogram
plt.hist(series1, label='series1', alpha=.8, edgecolor='red')
 
# plotting second histogram
plt.hist(series2, label='series2', alpha=0.7, edgecolor='yellow')
plt.legend()
 
# Showing the plot using plt.show()
plt.show()


Output:

plot two histograms

 

Example 3: 

Histograms represent two age groups using given data.

Python3




# importing libraries
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
 
# giving two age groups data
age_g1 = [1, 3, 5, 10, 15, 17, 18, 16, 19,
          21, 23, 28, 30, 31, 33, 38, 32,
          40, 45, 43, 49, 55, 53, 63, 66,
          85, 80, 57, 75, 93, 95]
 
age_g2 = [6, 4, 15, 17, 19, 21, 28, 23, 31,
          36, 39, 32, 50, 56, 59, 74, 79, 34,
          98, 97, 95, 67, 69, 92, 45, 55, 77,
          76, 85]
 
# plotting first histogram
plt.hist(age_g1, label='Age group1', bins=14, alpha=.7, edgecolor='red')
 
# plotting second histogram
plt.hist(age_g2, label="Age group2", bins=14, alpha=.7, edgecolor='yellow')
plt.legend()
 
# Showing the plot using plt.show()
plt.show()


Output:

plot two histograms

 

Example 4

Changing bar color from the default

Python3




# importing libraries
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
 
# giving two age groups data
age_g1 = [1, 3, 5, 10, 15, 17, 18, 16, 19, 21,
          23, 28, 30, 31, 33, 38, 32, 40, 45,
          43, 49, 55, 53, 63, 66, 85, 80, 57,
          75, 93, 95]
 
age_g2 = [6, 4, 15, 17, 19, 21, 28, 23, 31, 36,
          39, 32, 50, 56, 59, 74, 79, 34, 98, 97,
          95, 67, 69, 92, 45, 55, 77, 76, 85]
 
# plotting first histogram
plt.hist(age_g1, label='Age group1', alpha=.7, color='red')
 
# plotting second histogram
plt.hist(age_g2, label="Age group2", alpha=.5,
         edgecolor='black', color='yellow')
plt.legend()
 
# Showing the plot using plt.show()
plt.show()


Output:

plot two histograms together

 


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