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How to Install R Studio on Windows and Linux?

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R programming language is a language and free software environment, available under GNU license, supported by R Foundation for Statistical Computing. The language is most widely known for its powerful statistical and data interpretation capabilities. 

To use R language, you need the R environment to be installed on your machine, and an IDE (Integrated development environment) to run the language (can also be run using CMD on Windows or Terminal on Linux). 

Why use R Studio?  

  • It is a powerful IDE, specifically used for the R language.
  • Provides literate programming tools, which basically allow the use of R scripts, outputs, text, and images into reports, Word documents, and even an HTML file.
  • The use of Shiny (open-source R package) allows us to create interactive content in reports and presentations.

Installing R Studio on Window

To Install R Studio on windows we will follow the following steps.

Step 1: First, you need to set up an R environment in your local machine. You can download the same from

Step 2: After downloading R for the Windows platform, install it by double-clicking it.  

Installing R for Windows platform.

Step 3: Download R Studio from their official page. Note: It is free of cost (under AGPL licensing).  

Downloading R Studio for Windows.

Step 4: After downloading, you will get a file named “RStudio-1.x.xxxx.exe” in your Downloads folder. 

Step 5: Double-click the installer, and install the software. 

Step 6: Test the R Studio installation  

  • Search for RStudio in the Window search bar on Taskbar.

  • Start the application.
  • Insert the following code in the console.
Input  : print('Hello world!') 
Output : [1] "Hello world!"

R console on Windows.

Step 7: Your installation is successful.  

Installing R Studio on Ubuntu

Installing R Studio on Ubuntu has steps similar to Windows: 

Through Terminal 

Step 1: Open terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) in Ubuntu.

Step 2: Update the package’s cache. 

sudo apt-get update

Step 3: Install R environment. 

sudo apt -y install r-base

Check for the version of R package using

R --version

Step 4: Check R installation by using the following command. 

user@Ubuntu:~$ R 

(Note that R version should be 3.6+ to be able to install all packages like tm, e1071, etc.). If there is issue with R version, see the end of the post. 

Step 5: Exit the terminal.

Through Ubuntu software Center 

Step 1: Open Ubuntu Software Center.

Step 2: Search for r-base.

Step 3: Click install. 

Install Rstudio on Ubuntu  

Step 1: Install gdebi package to install .deb packages easily.

sudo add-apt-repository universe
sudo apt-get install gdebi-core

Step 2: Go to R Studio downloads and select the latest *.deb package available under Ubuntu 18/Debian 10.

Step 3: Navigate to the Downloads folder in the local machine.

$ cd Downloads/
$ ls

Step 4: Install using gdebi package.

sudo gdebi rstudio-1.2.5042-amd64.deb

Step 5: Run the RStudio using Terminal

user@Ubuntu:~/Downloads/ $ rstudio 

Alternatively, use the menu to search for Rstudio.

Step 6: Test the R Studio using the basic “Hello world!” command and exit.

Input  : print('Hello world!') 
Output : [1] "Hello world!"

Alternatively, RStudio can be installed through Ubuntu Software as well, but using the above approach generally guarantees the latest version is installed. 

If there are issues with the R version getting downloaded or the previously installed version is older, check R version with 

R --version

Now, Run the following commands in Terminal (Ctrl + Alt + T)  

Add the key to secure APT from the CRAN package list:

sudo apt-key adv –keyserver –recv-keys E298A3A825C0D65DFD57CBB651716619E084DAB9

Add the latest CRAN repository to the repository list. (This is for Ubuntu 18.04 specifically):

sudo add-apt-repository ‘deb bionic-cran35/’

Update the package cache:

sudo apt update

Install the r-base package:

sudo apt install r-base
My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Last Updated : 13 Oct, 2021
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