Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

How to get the type of DOM element using JavaScript?

View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article
  • Last Updated : 14 Jan, 2022
View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article

The task is to get the type of DOM element by having its object reference. Here we are going to use JavaScript to solve the problem. 
Approach 1: 

  • First take the reference of the DOM object to a variable(Here, In this example an array is made of IDs of the element, then select random ID and select that particular element).
  • Use .tagName property to get the element name.

Example 1: This example using the approach discussed above.  

html




<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>
        How to get the type of DOM
      element using JavaScript?
    </title>
</head>
<center>
 
    <body style="text-align:center;">
        <h1 id="h1" style="color:green;"> 
        GeeksForGeeks 
    </h1>
        <p id="GFG_UP"
           style="font-size: 15px;
                  font-weight: bold;">
        </p>
        <button id="button" onclick="GFG_Fun()">
            click here
        </button>
        <p id="GFG_DOWN"
           style="font-size: 24px;
                  font-weight: bold;
                  color: green;">
        </p>
        <script>
            var up = document.getElementById('GFG_UP');
            var down = document.getElementById('GFG_DOWN');
            var arr = ["h1", "GFG_UP", "button", "GFG_DOWN"];
            up.innerHTML =
              "Click on the button to check the type of element.";
 
            function GFG_Fun() {
                var id = arr[Math.floor(Math.random() * arr.length)];
                down.innerHTML =
                  "The type of element of id = '" + id + "' is "
                + document.getElementById(id).tagName;
            }
        </script>
    </body>
</center>
 
</html>


Output: 

  • Before clicking on the button: 

  • After clicking on the button: 

Approach 2:  

  • First take the reference of the DOM object to a variable(Here, In this example an array is made of IDs of the element, then select random ID from the array and select that particular element).
  • Use .nodeName property to get the element name.

Example 2: This example using the approach discussed above. 

html




<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>
        How to get the type of
      DOM element using JavaScript?
    </title>
</head>
<center>
 
    <body style="text-align:center;">
        <h1 id="h1" style="color:green;"> 
        GeeksForGeeks 
    </h1>
        <p id="GFG_UP"
           style="font-size: 15px;
                  font-weight: bold;">
        </p>
        <button id="button" onclick="GFG_Fun()">
            click here
        </button>
        <p id="GFG_DOWN"
           style="font-size: 24px;
                  font-weight: bold;
                  color: green;">
        </p>
        <script>
            var up = document.getElementById('GFG_UP');
            var down = document.getElementById('GFG_DOWN');
            var arr = ["h1", "GFG_UP", "button", "GFG_DOWN"];
            up.innerHTML =
              "Click on the button to check the type of element.";
 
            function GFG_Fun() {
                var id = arr[Math.floor(Math.random() * arr.length)];
                down.innerHTML =
                  "The type of element of id = '" + id + "' is "
                + document.getElementById(id).nodeName;
            }
        </script>
    </body>
</center>
 
</html>


Output: 

  • Before clicking on the button: 

  • After clicking on the button: 


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!