Skip to content
Related Articles
Open in App
Not now

Related Articles

How to get median of an array of numbers in JavaScript ?

Improve Article
Save Article
  • Last Updated : 03 Jan, 2023
Improve Article
Save Article

In this article, we will see how to find the median of an array using JavaScript. A median is a middle value in a given set of numbers or data.

Examples:

Input arr1 : [1 4 7 9]
Output : 5.5
Explanation : The median of the two sorted array is 
              the middle elements which is 5 if the 
              arrayLength =arr1.length + arr2.length is odd 
              if the array length is even then it will be 
              the average of two number 

Input: arr1 : [5 3 1 8 90]
        
Output: 5
Explanation : The median is average of two number 
              because the array.length is even for this case.

Approach: Here we first sort the array and then will find the array length. If the array length is even then median will be arr[(arr.length)/2] +arr[((arr.length)/2)+1]. If the array length is odd then the median will be a middle element.

Example:

Javascript




<script>
    function medianof2Arr(arr1) {
        var concat = arr1;
        concat = concat.sort(
            function (a, b) { return a - b });
      
        console.log(concat);
        var length = concat.length;
      
        if (length % 2 == 1) {
      
            // If length is odd
            console.log(concat[(length / 2) - .5])
            return concat[(length / 2) - .5]
      
        }
        else {
            console.log((concat[length / 2] 
                + concat[(length / 2) - 1]) / 2);
                  
            return (concat[length / 2] 
                + concat[(length / 2) - 1]) / 2;
        }
    }
      
    arr1 = [1, 4, 7, 9]
      
    medianof2Arr(arr1)
</script>


 Output:

5.5

Approach 2: Here we have first made the variable middle which has the middle value irrespective of length whether the array length will be odd or even. Now after that, we sort the array by avoiding mutation. Mutation means changing the object name with another object name or passing the object to another object called a mutation.

It can be done with reference data types which are arrays, Object So For now avoid this. After that, if the length of the array is even then we have the two values in the array at pos arr((arr.length)/2) + arr(((arr.length)/2) +1). Then take the mean of these two numbers and return as a median.

Example:

Javascript




<script>
    function median_of_arr(arr) {
        const middle = (arr.length + 1) / 2;
      
        // Avoid mutating when sorting
        const sorted = [...arr].sort((a, b) => a - b);
        const isEven = sorted.length % 2 === 0;
      
        return isEven ? (sorted[middle - 1.5]
            + sorted[middle - 0.5]) / 2 :
            sorted[middle - 1];
    }
    var arr = [1, 4, 7, 9];
    console.log(median_of_arr(arr));
</script>


Output: 

5.5

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Related Articles

Start Your Coding Journey Now!