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How to get file name from a path in PHP ?

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 03 Dec, 2021

In this article, we will see how to get the file name from the path in PHP, along with understanding its implementation through the examples. We have given the full path & we need to find the file name from the file path. For this, we will following below 2 methods:

  • Using the basename() function
  • Using the pathinfo( ) Function

Input : path = /testweb/var/www/mywebsite/htdocs/home.php
Output : home.php

Input : path = /testweb/var/www/mywebsite/htdocs/abc.txt
Output : abc.txt

We will understand both functions with the help of examples.

Method 1: Using basename() function:

The basename() function is an inbuilt function that returns the base name of a file if the path of the file is provided as a parameter to the basename() function. 


$filename = basename(path, suffix);

The path is a required field that specifies the path which is to be checked. The suffix is an optional field that specifies a file extension. If the filename has this file extension, the file extension will not show.

Example: This example describes the use of the basename() function that returns the base name of the file.


  $path = "/testweb/var/www/mywebsite/htdocs/home.php";
  $file1 = basename($path);
  $file2 = basename($path, ".php");
  // Show filename with file extension
  echo $file1 . "\n";
  // Show filename without file extension
  echo $file2;



Method 2: Using pathinfo() function:

The pathinfo() is an inbuilt function that is used to return information about a path using an associative array or a string ie., It will create an array with the parts of the path we want to use.


$filename = pathinfo(path);

Example: This example explains the pathinfo() function that will return information about a path. Here, we will use $filename[‘basename’], when we want to access the file name.


  // Path of the file stored under pathinfo
  $myFile = pathinfo('/usr/admin/config/test.php');
  // Show the file name
  echo $myFile['basename'], "\n";



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