How to Fix in R: error in plot.new() : figure margins too large
In this article, we will discuss how to fix the “figure margins too large” error in plot.new() function of the R programming language.
The error that one may face in R is:
Error in plot.new() : figure margins too large
The R compiler produces this error when the plot panel of Rstudio is small for the dimensions of the plot that we are trying to create.
When this error might occur:
Consider that want to create a plot using the plot() function in R. The syntax of this function is given below:
plot(start : end)
- start: The starting point ( 1 for (x, y) = (1, 1) etc)
- end: The ending point ( 5 for (x, y) = (5, 5) etc)
Draws dots in a sequence on both x and y axis
The R compiler produces the error (you can see the panel window is quite small at the right).
How to fix this error:
There are three ways to fix this error in R:
Method 1: Increasing the size of the panel
One way is to increase the panel size so that it can accommodate the plot across its dimensions:
Method 2: Using par() function
The par() function in R is used to set the margins of a plot. This function has the following syntax:
mfrow: It represents a vector with row and column values for the grid
By default a plot has the following margins:
- Top: 4.1 and Bottom: 5.1
- Left: 4.1 and Right: 2.1
We need to explicitly set the margins of the plot as:
The plot was projected easily in the panel window because we reduced the margin to accommodate the created plot.
Method 3: Turn off the plotting device
If neither of the previous methods was able to fix the error then you can shut down the current plotting device by the following command: