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How to Combine Two Columns into One in R dataframe?

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  • Last Updated : 04 Dec, 2021
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In this article, we will discuss how to combine two columns into one in dataframe in R Programming Language. 

Method 1 : Using paste() function

This function is used to join the two columns in the dataframe with a separator.

Syntax:

paste(data$column1, data$column2, sep=" ")

where

  • data is the input dataframe
  • column1 is the first column
  • column2 to is the second column
  • sep is the separator to be separated between two columns

Example 1:

R




# create dataframe
data = data.frame(firstname=c("akash", "kyathi", "preethi"),
                  lastname=c("deep", "lakshmi", "savithri"),
                  marks=c(89, 96, 89))
 
# display
print(data)
 
# combine first name and last name columns
# with blank separator
data$fullname = paste(data$firstname, data$lastname, sep=" ")
 
# display
data


Output:

Example 2:

R




# create dataframe
data = data.frame(firstname=c("akash", "kyathi", "preethi"),
                  lastname=c("deep", "lakshmi", "savithri"),
                  marks=c(89, 96, 89))
 
# display
print(data)
 
# combine first name and last name columns
# with blank separator
data$fullname = paste(data$firstname, data$lastname, sep="--")
 
# display
data


Output:

Method 2: Using unite() function

This function is available in tidyr package and we have to load that package and will combine columns.

Syntax:

unite(dataframe, combined_columnname, c(columns))

where,

  • dataframe is the input dataframe
  • columns are the dataframe columns to be combines
  • combined_columnname is the name of the combined column

Example:

R




# import tidyr package
library(tidyr)
 
# create dataframe
data = data.frame(firstname=c("akash", "kyathi", "preethi"),
                  lastname=c("deep", "lakshmi", "savithri"),
                  marks=c(89, 96, 89))
 
# display
print(data)
 
# combine first name and last name columns
# with blank separator
data = unite(data, fullname, c(firstname, lastname))
 
# display
data


Output:


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