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Healthcare in India

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  • Last Updated : 26 Jul, 2022
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Public health activity is taking place in India and there are many obstacles to its efforts to affect people’s lives. Since independence, major public health problems such as malaria, tuberculosis, leprosy, high maternal and child mortality, and, more recently, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has been seen. resolved through coordinated government action. The development of society along with advances in science and health care has resulted in lower mortality and birth rates.


A person who has no physical problems or injuries is healthy. Thus, health is the ability to be free from disease, injury, and disease. However, several other factors also contribute to health, such as clean drinking water, a pollution-free environment,  good nutrition, good hygiene, and a sound mind. For example, you are more likely to be healthy if you live in a non-polluted environment with access to clean drinking water. On the other hand, if people don’t take it, they get sick.

Health care services in India

  1. India has the largest number of medical colleges in the world and the highest number of qualified medical professionals every year.
  2. India is one of the largest drug producers and exporters in the world.  
  3. There is a significant increase in medical facilities.  A large number of medical tourists visit India every year for medical treatment. They are treated in high-class and world-class hospitals.

On the other hand, some facts about the state of health care in our country paint a completely different picture. 

  1. Nearly half of children are malnourished because they do not get enough nutrients. 
  2. A very large portion of the population does not have access to drinking water, leading to water-borne diseases. For example diarrhea, hepatitis and cholera.
  3. About half a million people die from tuberculosis every year. Malaria is also another disease that is not under control. About 2 million people get malaria every year. 
  4. Compared with urban areas, rural areas lack better quality health infrastructure. The percentage of qualified doctors in the population there is very low. 
  5. People have to travel long distances to see a specialist and sometimes poor transport and communication delay treatment and people die of minor or curable illnesses just because they are not treated promptly and quickly.

Although we have a large number of doctors, clinics, and hospitals, money, knowledge, and experience, we cannot provide the necessary health care facilities for everyone. 

Categories of health care services

Health care services are divided into two major categories:

  • Public health services.
  • Private health Facilities.

Public health services

The Public Health Service is a set of government-run health centers and hospitals. Each state government has health care centers in villages and multi-specialty hospitals in large cities, providing free or low-cost health care facilities such as treatment of diseases, food Perform necessary tests and provide medication. 

  Its main function is to prevent the spread of diseases such as tuberculosis, polio, malaria, jaundice, dengue, or chikungunya. The government’s “Shock Campaign Against Polio” is one such scheme in which all children under the age of 5  are given free polio medicine by health workers.

It is a fact that in both urban and rural areas, people prefer to pay and get better services from private doctors rather than  free treatment at public health centers, for the following reasons:  

  1. Better health care and a cleaner environment.  
  2. Doctors are better qualified and willing to spend more time with patients.  
  3. Even the poor prefer to go to private hospitals in the hope of faster and better cures.

Private health facilities

The private health sector includes individuals and organizations that are not directly owned or controlled by the government and are involved in the provision of health services. it is increasingly recognized in the mixed health system. However, the recognition, scope, and definition of the private health sector as 4044 is not uniform across health system stakeholders. The private health sector  – sometimes called “non-state actors” – includes all actors outside of government. While this caters to the that surrounds the public sector, it does not communicate what lies on the other side of that boundary.

Role of Government in public health services

Government is responsible for improving infrastructure resources including the availability of water, electricity grid, telecommunications, roads, etc. The central government allocates funds to the state government to perform these functions.   The Planning Commission of India, among its various functions, formulates a plan for the most efficient and balanced use of the country’s resources. Each state has its own state planning committee. The National Planning Commission, among other functions, is primarily responsible for providing the necessary support to all urban local authorities. The government is responsible for preventing and treating illness, providing appropriate medical facilities such as health centers, hospitals, laboratories, ambulance services, blood banks, etc. for everyone. These services must be within reach of every patient from the most remote places.

  • Living conditions: Drinking water and sanitation are essential determinants of health, contributing directly to a 70 to 80% reduction in the infectious disease burden. Full coverage of drinking water  and sanitation supplies through existing programs, in  rural and urban areas, is feasible and affordable.  
  • Urban Planning: The provision of basic urban  services such as water supply, sanitation and solid waste management requires special attention. The Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission in 35 cities is working to develop financially sustainable cities in line with the Millennium Development Goals.Other issues to be addressed are housing and urban poverty reduction.  Rural Infrastructure
  • Restoration and Livelihoods: Action is needed in the following areas: Promote agricultural mechanization, improve investment efficiency, rationalize subsidies, diversify and improve capacity access to land, credit and skills.  
  • Education: Primary education has received a big boost from Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. In order to consolidate these achievements, the mission of secondary education is essential. The “Children’s Right to a Free and Compulsory Education Bill of 2009” aims to provide education for children between the ages of 6 and 14  and is a good step forward in improving literacy. Indian. 

Sample Questions

Question 1: What are the three positive factors of health services in our country


Three positive facts of the health service in our country are:   

  1. India has the  largest number of medical colleges in the world and the highest number of qualified medical professionals in the world. five.  
  2. India is one of the  largest drug producers and  exporters in the world. 
  3. There is a significant increase in medical facilities.

Question 2: What are the health impacts of climate change and disasters?


Extreme heat and weather disasters, the spread of vector-borne diseases, food and water, food insecurity and malnutrition, and air quality with associated hazards human health  are the public health-related risks to climate change. Depletion of non-renewable  energy and water resources, deterioration of soil and water quality and the risk of extinction of countless habitats and species are also an impact of disasters on health.

Question 3: What health problems do we face in our country?   


The health problems we face in our country are:  

  1. Almost half of the children are malnourished. They are not getting enough nutritious food.  
  2. A very large portion of the population does not have access to  drinking water, leading to water-borne diseases. For example diarrhea, hepatitis and cholera.  
  3. About half a million people die from tuberculosis every year. 
  4. Malaria is also another disease that is not  under control. About 2 million people get malaria every year.
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