Health and its Failure
Pathogens like bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites enter the body through the air we breathe, the food and beverages we consume, or through openings in the skin like cuts to cause infectious diseases. As an illustration, a person can spread the cold virus to another person by coughing and sneezing.
Health is a state of physical, mental, and social well being.
Importance of health
The health of an individual is depends on it’s environment. It becomes very significant to be living in a healthy environment. Food is the basic and important need of every living being. So, eating healthy food keeps us healthy and fit. Cleanliness needs to be a priority of ourselves and our surroundings. It keeps us healthy and free from diseases.
Health and its Failures
In the human community, health and sickness are exceedingly complicated topics. We are aware that cells are the building blocks of all living things. Although they appear to be quite static, cells are actually a dynamic environment where all of life’s activities take place. Millions of cells make up the various body tissues, organs, and organ systems in our body.
When all body cells actively carry out their jobs, which in turn ensure that various bodily organs are operating properly, the individual is said to be healthy. The functioning of any body organ has a detrimental effect on health since all body organ functions are connected, whether directly or indirectly. We need to be aware of health-related concerns in order to maintain our own health.
Factors Responsible for Health Failure
following factors that affect the health of a person.
- Environmental physical factors: such as seasonal changes brought on by changes in temperature, humidity, rainfall, etc. Natural catastrophes like hurricanes, floods, and droughts, among others, have a negative impact on a population’s health.
- Social factors: People around us and their actions mostly have an impact on our mental health. Beyond this, a unhealthy atmosphere has an impact on both our social and mental health.
- Community Issues: Public cleanliness is the main concern of community issues. By encouraging the growth and proliferation of disease-causing microbes (such as bacteria, fungi, protozoans, and worms) and disease-carrying agents, the accumulation of waste, obstruction of drainage, open and stagnant water, etc., increases the likelihood that a person will have poor health (mosquitoes, flies, etc.).
- An unbalanced diet: Our bodies’ basic needs are nutrients and water. All the nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals) are present in a balanced, healthy diet at sufficient levels.
The disease can be classified into 2 subgroups on the basis of mode of transmission and time period
Diseases are of 2 types: acute and chronic diseases. (On the basis of a time period)
- Acute diseases: These diseases are for a very short time. Ex. Cold, fever, typhoid, etc
- Chronic diseases: These diseases last for a very long time. For example, asthma.
Causes of Diseases
the immediate causes of disease as belonging to two distinct types. One group of causes is the infectious agents mostly microbes or micro-organisms. Diseases, where microbes are the immediate causes, are called infectious diseases. This is because the microbes can spread in the community, and the diseases they cause will spread with them.
Diseases are of 2 types: infectious and non-infectious diseases. (On the basis of transmission)
There are big differences between infectious and non-infectious diseases. In contrast to non-infectious diseases, infectious diseases can be spread from one person to another. Non-infectious diseases cannot.
- Infectious Diseases
Pathogenic microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites are what cause infectious diseases. These microorganisms can spread from one person to another because they are infectious.
- Bacteria:-Typhoid, Dysentery, Plague, Diphtheria, Pneumonia
- Viruses:-Influenza, Polio, Viral Pneumonia, AIDS, Hepatitis
- Protozoans:-Malaria, Amoebic dysentery
- Fungi Ringworm, Candidiasis
- Non-infectious Diseases
Since pathogens are not responsible for non-infectious diseases, they cannot be transferred from one person to another. In contrast, non-infectious diseases are brought on by elements like heredity, poor diet, environment, and lifestyle, dietary disorders Marasmus, Kwashiorkor (Protein and Calorie deficiency) Obesity (Excess fat)
Examples, are rickets, dermatitis, night blindness, scurvy, and beriberi (vitamin deficiency diseases), Hypertension (due to excess sodium).
Personal and Community both Issue Matters on Health
- That large number of people individually and in groups for the development of their society constitutes community health.
- individual and community health are strengthening one another.
- we protect ourselves by keeping our bodies clean.
- for this, we require a good and healthy environment in our surroundings.
- we can have this only by means of community health and development.
In this way, both individuals and communities are interrelated.
Physical Health is affected due to the Malfunctioning of Body Organs
Our bodies are made up of a variety of organs and organ systems that perform a variety of physiological tasks to keep us physically healthy and fit. Organ and organ system dysfunction has a negative impact on a person’s physical health. Here are some instances of these:
- Digestive disorders include constipation, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting.
- Because of an increase in bile pigment in the blood, jaundice is a liver disease.
- The manifestation of high blood pressure is hypertension.
- Numerous hormonal disorders, including dwarfism, gigantism, goiter, diabetes, etc., have been reported as a result of the endocrine glands’ improper hormone secretion.
- Heart failure is brought on by heart valve dysfunction.
- The conditions that lead to high blood pressure and diabetes.
Characteristics of Good Health
Important traits of a person in good health include the following:
- Being in good physical health means being free from illness or diseases.
- Maintain good mental health while being free from stress, anxiety, and social tension.
- Self-assurance is a sign of sound mental and social well-being.
- Good physical, mental, and social health are determined by the capacity to perform at its best.
Maintenance of Good Health
Intake of a balanced and healthy diet, upholding personal and communal hygiene, drinking plenty of water for optimum bodily functioning, etc. are all ways to preserve good health.
FAQs on Health and its Failure
Question 1: What is health?
Health is the state of physical, mental, and social well-being of an individual.
Question 2: What is the physical health?
Physical health is as the condition of your body, taking into deliberation everything from the absence of disease to fitness level.
Question 3: What is the significance of health?
Good health increases our work efficiency and helps us to carry out many physical, and mental activities at our best.
Question 4: What are the signs of good health?
A person with good health is free from all diseases and can survive with mentally, socially, and physically without much difficulty.
Question 5: How do we keep our health?
A balanced, healthy diet, good personal and communal hygiene, plenty of water consumption for optimal bodily function, etc. are all ways to preserve good health.