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GATE | GATE MOCK 2017 | Question 37

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  • Last Updated : 28 Jun, 2021

Consider the problem of computing min-max in an unsorted array where min and max are minimum and maximum elements of array. Algorithm A1 can compute min-max in a1 comparisons without divide and conquer. Algorithm A2 can compute min-max in a2 comparisons by scanning the array linearly. What could be the relation between a1 and a2 considering the worst case scenarios?

(A) a1 < a2

(B) a1 > a2
(C) a1 = a2

(D) Depends on the input

Answer: (B)

Explanation: When Divide and Conquer is used to find the minimum-maximum element in an array, Recurrence relation for the number of comparisons is
T(n) = 2T(n/2) + 2 where 2 is for comparing the minimums as well the maximums of the left and right subarrays

On solving, T(n) = 1.5n – 2.
While doing linear scan, it would take 2*(n-1) comparisons in the worst case to find both minimum as well maximum in one pass.

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