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Formatted output in Java

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  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 10 Feb, 2022

Sometimes in Competitive programming, it is essential to print the output in a given specified format. Most users are familiar with printf function in C. Let us discuss how we can format the output in Java.

There are different ways in which we can format output in Java. Some of them are given below.

  • Using System.out.printf()
  • Using DecimalFormat class
  • Using SimpleDateFormat class (for formatting Dates)

1. Formatting output using System.out.printf() 

This is the easiest of all methods as this is similar to printf in C. Note that System.out.print() and System.out.println() take a single argument, but printf() may take multiple arguments.

Java




// Java program to demonstrate working of printf()
 
class JavaFormatter1 {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        int x = 100;
        System.out.printf(
            "Printing simple integer: x = %d\n", x);
 
        // this will print it upto 2 decimal places
        System.out.printf(
            "Formatted with precision: PI = %.2f\n",
            Math.PI);
 
        float n = 5.2f;
 
        // automatically appends zero to the rightmost part
        // of decimal
        System.out.printf(
            "Formatted to specific width: n = %.4f\n", n);
 
        n = 2324435.3f;
 
        // here number is formatted from right margin and
        // occupies a width of 20 characters
        System.out.printf(
            "Formatted to right margin: n = %20.4f\n", n);
    }
}


Output

Printing simple integer: x = 100
Formatted with precision: PI = 3.14
Formatted to specific width: n = 5.2000
Formatted to right margin: n =         2324435.2500

Note: System.out.format() is equivalent to printf() and can also be used.

2. Formatting using DecimalFormat class 

DecimalFormat is used to format decimal numbers.

Java




// Java program to demonstrate working of DecimalFormat
import java.text.DecimalFormat;
 
class JavaFormatter2 {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        double num = 123.4567;
 
        // prints only numeric part of a floating number
        DecimalFormat ft = new DecimalFormat("####");
        System.out.println("Without fraction part: num = "
                           + ft.format(num));
 
        // this will print it upto 2 decimal places
        ft = new DecimalFormat("#.##");
        System.out.println(
            "Formatted to Give precision: num = "
            + ft.format(num));
 
        // automatically appends zero to the rightmost part
        // of decimal instead of #,we use digit 0
        ft = new DecimalFormat("#.000000");
        System.out.println(
            "appended zeroes to right: num = "
            + ft.format(num));
 
        // automatically appends zero to the leftmost of
        // decimal number instead of #,we use digit 0
        ft = new DecimalFormat("00000.00");
        System.out.println(
            "formatting Numeric part : num = "
            + ft.format(num));
 
        // formatting money in dollars
        double income = 23456.789;
        ft = new DecimalFormat("$###,###.##");
        System.out.println("your Formatted Dream Income : "
                           + ft.format(income));
    }
}


Output

Without fraction part: num = 123
Formatted to Give precision: num = 123.46
appended zeroes to right: num = 123.456700
formatting Numeric part : num = 00123.46
your Formatted Dream Income : $23,456.79

3. Formatting dates and parsing using SimpleDateFormat class

This class is present in java.text package. 

Java




// Java program to demonstrate working of SimpleDateFormat
 
import java.text.ParseException;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
 
class Formatter3 {
    public static void main(String args[])
        throws ParseException
    {
        // Formatting as per given pattern in the argument
        SimpleDateFormat ft
            = new SimpleDateFormat("dd-MM-yyyy");
        String str = ft.format(new Date());
        System.out.println("Formatted Date : " + str);
 
        // parsing a given String
        str = "02/18/1995";
        ft = new SimpleDateFormat("MM/dd/yyyy");
        Date date = ft.parse(str);
 
        // this will print the date as per parsed string
        System.out.println("Parsed Date : " + date);
    }
}


Output

Formatted Date : 24-01-2022
Parsed Date : Sat Feb 18 00:00:00 UTC 1995

This article is contributed by Pankaj Kumar. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to review-team@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks. Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.


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