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Form validation using jQuery

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  • Last Updated : 12 Jun, 2022
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Form validation is a process of confirming the relevant information entered by the user in the input field. Here we will be validating a simple form that consists of a username, password and a confirmed password using jQuery.

Prerequisites: You must be aware of the basics of HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and jQuery.

Approach:

  1. First, you need to create an index.html file consisting of an HTML form with username, email, password, and confirm password as input fields. We will use Bootstrap 4 to use Bootstrap’s form controls. At the bottom of the <body> tag, include the “app.js” file having jQuery code for form validation.
  2. Create an app.js file that validates the whole form as given below in the code.
  3. In the app.js file, when the document is ready, hide all the error messages. Perform the validation task for all the input fields such as username, email, password, and confirm password.

index.html: The following HTML code demonstrates the form design for user input.

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <!-- Latest compiled and minified CSS -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/
    4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
    <!-- jQuery library -->
    jquery/3.3.1/jquery.min.js">
    </script>
    <!-- Popper JS -->
    popper.js/1.12.9/umd/popper.min.js">
    </script>
    <!-- Latest compiled JavaScript -->
    4.0.0/js/bootstrap.min.js">
    </script>
</head>
 
<body><br>
    <h1 class="text-center text-success">
        Welcome to GeeksforGeeks
    </h1>
    <p class="text-center">
        FORM VALIDATION USING JQUERY
    </p>
 
 
    <div class="container">
        <div class="col-lg-8
        m-auto d-block">
            <form>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="user">
                        Username:
                    </label>
                    <input type="text" name="username" id="usernames" class="form-control">
                    <h5 id="usercheck" style="color: red;">
                        **Username is missing
                    </h5>
                </div>
                 
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="user">
                        Email:
                    </label>
                    <input type="email" name="email" id="email" required class="form-control">
                    <small id="emailvalid" class="form-text
                text-muted invalid-feedback">
                        Your email must be a valid email
                    </small>
                </div>
 
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="password">
                        Password:
                    </label>
                    <input type="password" name="pass" id="password" class="form-control">
                    <h5 id="passcheck" style="color: red;">
                        **Please Fill the password
                    </h5>
                </div>
 
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="conpassword">
                        Confirm Password:
                    </label>
                    <input type="password" name="username" id="conpassword" class="form-control">
                    <h5 id="conpasscheck" style="color: red;">
                        **Password didn't match
                    </h5>
                </div>
 
                <input type="submit" id="submitbtn" value="Submit" class="btn btn-primary">
            </form>
        </div>
    </div>
 
    <!-- Including app.js jQuery Script -->
    <script src="app.js"></script>
</body>
 
</html>


app.js: The following jQuery code for validation is used in the above HTML file.

Javascript




// Document is ready
$(document).ready(function () {
  // Validate Username
  $("#usercheck").hide();
  let usernameError = true;
  $("#usernames").keyup(function () {
    validateUsername();
  });
 
  function validateUsername() {
    let usernameValue = $("#usernames").val();
    if (usernameValue.length == "") {
      $("#usercheck").show();
      usernameError = false;
      return false;
    } else if (usernameValue.length < 3 || usernameValue.length > 10) {
      $("#usercheck").show();
      $("#usercheck").html("**length of username must be between 3 and 10");
      usernameError = false;
      return false;
    } else {
      $("#usercheck").hide();
    }
  }
 
  // Validate Email
  const email = document.getElementById("email");
  email.addEventListener("blur", () => {
    let regex = /^([_\-\.0-9a-zA-Z]+)@([_\-\.0-9a-zA-Z]+)\.([a-zA-Z]){2,7}$/;
    let s = email.value;
    if (regex.test(s)) {
      email.classList.remove("is-invalid");
      emailError = true;
    } else {
      email.classList.add("is-invalid");
      emailError = false;
    }
  });
 
  // Validate Password
  $("#passcheck").hide();
  let passwordError = true;
  $("#password").keyup(function () {
    validatePassword();
  });
  function validatePassword() {
    let passwordValue = $("#password").val();
    if (passwordValue.length == "") {
      $("#passcheck").show();
      passwordError = false;
      return false;
    }
    if (passwordValue.length < 3 || passwordValue.length > 10) {
      $("#passcheck").show();
      $("#passcheck").html(
        "**length of your password must be between 3 and 10"
      );
      $("#passcheck").css("color", "red");
      passwordError = false;
      return false;
    } else {
      $("#passcheck").hide();
    }
  }
 
  // Validate Confirm Password
  $("#conpasscheck").hide();
  let confirmPasswordError = true;
  $("#conpassword").keyup(function () {
    validateConfirmPassword();
  });
  function validateConfirmPassword() {
    let confirmPasswordValue = $("#conpassword").val();
    let passwordValue = $("#password").val();
    if (passwordValue != confirmPasswordValue) {
      $("#conpasscheck").show();
      $("#conpasscheck").html("**Password didn't Match");
      $("#conpasscheck").css("color", "red");
      confirmPasswordError = false;
      return false;
    } else {
      $("#conpasscheck").hide();
    }
  }
 
  // Submit button
  $("#submitbtn").click(function () {
    validateUsername();
    validatePassword();
    validateConfirmPassword();
    validateEmail();
    if (
      usernameError == true &&
      passwordError == true &&
      confirmPasswordError == true &&
      emailError == true
    ) {
      return true;
    } else {
      return false;
    }
  });
});


Output: 

Below is the output generated when the user directly hits the submit button.

 

Below is the output generated when the user enters invalid details in the form.

 

Validation using inbuilt jQuery validation plugin

In this part, you get to know about the inbuilt validation method of jQuery. Create an index.html file and copy the following code:

Example 1 : 

HTML




<!doctype html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Comment Form</title>
    <!-- below we are including the jQuery and jQuery plugin .js files -->
    <script>
        // user have to use id for form and call validate method
        $("#commonForm").validate();
    </script>
</head>
 
<body>
    <form class="cmxform" id="commonForm" method="get" action="form-handler.html" autocomplete="off">
        <fieldset>
            <legend>GFG Form</legend>
             
<p>
                <label for="cname">Name <span>(required at least 2 character)</span></label>
                <!--User have to set the constraints in attribute form-->
                <input id="cname" name="name" minlength="2" type="text" required></input>
            </p>
 
             
<p>
                <label for="cemail">Email <span>(required, won't be published)</span></label>
                <input id="cemail" type="email" name="email" required></input>
            </p>
 
             
<p>
                <label for="curl">URL <span>(Optional)</span></label>
                <input id="curl" type="url" name="url"></input>
            </p>
 
             
<p>
                <label for="ccomment">Your comment<span>(required)</span></label>
                <textarea id="ccomment" name="comment" required></textarea>
            </p>
 
             
<p>
                <input class="submit" type="submit" value="submit">
            </p>
 
        </fieldset>
    </form>
</body>
 
</html>


Note: Run the above code by creating a .html file using a text editor.

Output:

If we do not fill the email section:

 

If we do not fill the comment section:

 

Example 2 : (Important)

The jQuery plugin makes simpler the code of validation for the clientside.

The plugin comes bundled with a useful set of validation methods, including URL and email validation while providing an API to write your own methods. 

Follow the below example which makes more clarifications regarding it.

HTML




<!doctype html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Comment Form</title>
    <!-- below we are including the jQuery and jQuery plugin .js files -->
    <script>
        $().ready(function () {
 
            $("#signupForm").validate({
                // in 'rules' user have to specify all the constraints for respective fields
                rules: {
                    firstname: "required",
                    lastname: "required",
                    username: {
                        required: true,
                        minlength: 2 //for length of lastname
                    },
                    password: {
                        required: true,
                        minlength: 5
                    },
                    confirm_password: {
                        required: true,
                        minlength: 5,
                        equalTo: "#password" //for checking both passwords are same or not
                    },
                    email: {
                        required: true,
                        email: true
                    },
                    agree: "required"
                },
                // in 'messages' user have to specify message as per rules
                messages: {
                    firstname: " Please enter your firstname",
                    lastname: " Please enter your lastname",
                    username: {
                        required: " Please enter a username",
                        minlength: " Your username must consist of at least 2 characters"
                    },
                    password: {
                        required: " Please enter a password",
                        minlength: " Your password must be consist of at least 5 characters"
                    },
                    confirm_password: {
                        required: " Please enter a password",
                        minlength: " Your password must be consist of at least 5 characters",
                        equalTo: " Please enter the same password as above"
                    },
                    agree: "Please accept our policy"
                }
            });
        });
 
    </script>
</head>
 
<body>
    <form class="cmxform" id="signupForm" method="get" action="form-handler.html" autocomplete="off">
        <fieldset>
            <legend>GFG sign-up Form</legend>
             
<p>
                <label for="firstname">Firstname</label>
                <input id="firstname" name="firstname" type="text"></input>
            </p>
 
             
<p>
                <label for="lastname">Lastname</label>
                <input id="lastname" name="lastname" type="text"></input>
            </p>
 
             
<p>
                <label for="username">Username</label>
                <input id="username" name="username" type="text"></input>
            </p>
 
             
<p>
                <label for="password">Password</label>
                <input id="password" name="password" type="password"></input>
            </p>
 
             
<p>
                <label for="confirm_password">Confirm password</label>
                <input id="confirm_password" name="confirm_password" type="password"></input>
            </p>
 
             
<p>
                <label for="email">Email</label>
                <input id="email" name="email" type="email"></input>
            </p>
 
             
<p>
                <label for="agree">Please agree to our policy</label>
                <input id="agree" name="agree" type="checkbox"></input>
            </p>
 
             
<p>
                <input class="submit" type="submit" value="submit">
            </p>
 
        </fieldset>
    </form>
</body>
 
</html>


 

Note: Run the above code by creating a .html file using a text editor.

Output:

 

 

jQuery is an open-source JavaScript library that simplifies the interactions between an HTML/CSS document, It is widely famous for its philosophy of “Write less, do more”
You can learn jQuery from the ground up by following this jQuery Tutorial and jQuery Examples.


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