Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Flutter – Dots Indicator

View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article
  • Last Updated : 15 Feb, 2021

Dots Indicator can be used to Show an increment or decrement to a value in a Flutter application through the UI. Moreover, it can also be used as an Increment or decrement component for a value through user interaction. To summarize its use case it can be improvised to use for multiple functionalities inside a flutter application.

In this article, we will look into the dots_indicator package and its uses in a flutter application by building a simple app. To build the app follow the below steps:

  • Add the dependency to the pubspec.yaml file
  • Import the dependency into the main.dart file
  • Use StatefulWidget for structuring the application
  • Initialize a state that holds a value that can be updated using buttons
  • Add buttons for respective increment or decrement action

Let’s look into the steps in detail.

Adding the dependency:

Use the below image as an illustration for adding the dots_indicator dependency to the pubspec.yaml file:

dependency

Importing the dependency:

To import the dependency to the main.dart file, use the below line of code:

import 'package:dots_indicator/dots_indicator.dart';

Structuring the application:

To give a simple structure to the example app, use a StatefulWidget, and extend it so that further components could be added to its body as shown below:

Dart




class MyApp extends StatefulWidget {
  @override
  _MyAppState createState() => _MyAppState();
}
  
class _MyAppState extends State<MyApp> {
 // initialize the stage here later
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    const decorator = DotsDecorator(
      activeColor: Colors.green,
      activeSize: Size.square(30.0),
      activeShape: RoundedRectangleBorder(),
    );
  
    return MaterialApp(
      home: Scaffold(
        appBar: AppBar(
          title: const Text('GeeksForGeeks'),
          backgroundColor: Colors.green,
        ),
        // add contents of the body here
        body:
      )
  }
}


Initializing the State:

The state in the application can be initialized to have a default value that can be manipulated later using the buttons that we will be adding in the next step follow the below code:

Dart




void main() => runApp(MyApp());
  
class MyApp extends StatefulWidget {
  @override
  _MyAppState createState() => _MyAppState();
}
  
class _MyAppState extends State<MyApp> {
  final _totalDots = 5;
  double _currentPosition = 0.0;
  
  double _validPosition(double position) {
    if (position >= _totalDots) return 0;
    if (position < 0) return _totalDots - 1.0;
    return position;
  }
  
  void _updatePosition(double position) {
    setState(() => _currentPosition = _validPosition(position));
  }


Adding the button:

For the sake of simplicity, we will be adding two FloatingActionButton to increment and decrement the dots respectively based on the initial state. We will also be adding two dots indicator, one vertical and the other horizontal that will be visible in the UI as follows:

Dart




FloatingActionButton(
  child: const Icon(Icons.remove),
  backgroundColor: Colors.green,
  onPressed: () {
    _currentPosition = _currentPosition.ceilToDouble();
    _updatePosition(max(--_currentPosition, 0));
  },
),
FloatingActionButton(
  child: const Icon(Icons.add),
  backgroundColor: Colors.green,
  onPressed: () {
    _currentPosition = _currentPosition.floorToDouble();
    _updatePosition(min(
      ++_currentPosition,
      _totalDots.toDouble(),
    ));
  },
)


Complete Source Code:

Dart




import 'dart:math';
  
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:dots_indicator/dots_indicator.dart';
  
void main() => runApp(MyApp());
  
class MyApp extends StatefulWidget {
  @override
  _MyAppState createState() => _MyAppState();
}
  
class _MyAppState extends State<MyApp> {
  final _totalDots = 5;
  double _currentPosition = 0.0;
  
  double _validPosition(double position) {
    if (position >= _totalDots) return 0;
    if (position < 0) return _totalDots - 1.0;
    return position;
  }
  
  void _updatePosition(double position) {
    setState(() => _currentPosition = _validPosition(position));
  }
  
  Widget _buildRow(List<Widget> widgets) {
    return Padding(
      padding: const EdgeInsets.only(bottom: 20.0),
      child: Row(
        mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.spaceAround,
        children: widgets,
      ),
    );
  }
  
  String getCurrentPositionPretty() {
    return (_currentPosition + 1.0).toStringAsPrecision(2);
  }
  
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    const decorator = DotsDecorator(
      activeColor: Colors.green,
      activeSize: Size.square(30.0),
      activeShape: RoundedRectangleBorder(),
    );
  
    return MaterialApp(
      home: Scaffold(
        appBar: AppBar(
          title: const Text('GeeksForGeeks'),
          backgroundColor: Colors.green,
        ),
        body: Center(
          child: ListView(
            shrinkWrap: true,
            padding: const EdgeInsets.all(16.0),
            children: [
              Text(
                'Current position ${getCurrentPositionPretty()} / $_totalDots',
                style: const TextStyle(
                  fontWeight: FontWeight.w600,
                  fontSize: 16.0,
                ),
                textAlign: TextAlign.center,
              ),
              const SizedBox(height: 16.0),
              _buildRow([
                Slider(
                  value: _currentPosition,
                  max: (_totalDots - 1).toDouble(),
                  onChanged: _updatePosition,
                )
              ]),
              _buildRow([
                FloatingActionButton(
                  child: const Icon(Icons.remove),
                  backgroundColor: Colors.green,
                  onPressed: () {
                    _currentPosition = _currentPosition.ceilToDouble();
                    _updatePosition(max(--_currentPosition, 0));
                  },
                ),
                FloatingActionButton(
                  child: const Icon(Icons.add),
                  backgroundColor: Colors.green,
                  onPressed: () {
                    _currentPosition = _currentPosition.floorToDouble();
                    _updatePosition(min(
                      ++_currentPosition,
                      _totalDots.toDouble(),
                    ));
                  },
                )
              ]),
              _buildRow([
                Text(
                  'Vertical',
                  style: TextStyle(fontWeight: FontWeight.w700, fontSize: 18.0),
                ),
              ]),
              _buildRow([
                DotsIndicator(
                  dotsCount: _totalDots,
                  position: _currentPosition,
                  axis: Axis.vertical,
                  reversed: true,
                  decorator: decorator,
                ),
              ]),
              _buildRow([
                Text(
                'Horizontal',
                style: TextStyle(fontWeight: FontWeight.w700, fontSize: 18.0)),
                DotsIndicator(
                  dotsCount: _totalDots,
                  position: _currentPosition,
                  decorator: decorator,
                ),
              ]),
            ],
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}


Output:


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!