Floating Action Button (FAB) in Android with Example
The floating action button is a bit different button from the ordinary buttons. Floating action buttons are implemented in the app’s UI for primary actions (promoted actions) for the users and the actions under the floating action button are prioritized by the developer. For example the actions like adding an item to the existing list. So in this article, it has been shown how to implement the Floating Action Button (FAB), and also the buttons under the FABs are handled with a simple Toast message. Note that we are going to implement this project using Java language.
Types of Floating Action Button
There are mainly four types of floating action buttons available on Android.
- Normal/Regular Floating Action Button
- Mini Floating Action Button
- Extended Floating Action Button
- Theming Floating Action Button
In this article let’s discuss the Normal/Regular Floating Action Button and Mini Floating Action Button with a sample example in Android.
Normal/Regular Floating Action Button
Regular FABs are FABs that are not expanded and are regular size. The following example shows a regular FAB with a plus icon.
Step by Step Implementation
Step 1: Create a New Project in Android Studio
To create a new project in Android Studio please refer to How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio. The code for that has been given in both Java and Kotlin Programming Language for Android.
Step 2: Adding Dependency to the build.gradle File
Go to Module build.gradle file and add this dependency and click on Sync Now button.
Refer to the below image if you can’t get the steps mentioned above:
Step 3: Add the FAB Icons to the Drawable File
For demonstration purposes will import 3 icons in the Drawable folder, and one can import the icons of his/her choice. One can do that by right-clicking the drawable folder > New > Vector Asset. Refer to the following image to import the vector Icon.
Now select your vector icon
Step 4: Working with the XML Files
Next, go to the activity_main.xml file, which represents the UI of the project. Below is the code for the activity_main.xml file. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail.
In the activity_main.xml file add the floating action buttons and invoke the following code. Now invoke the normal FAB. Which is of 56dp radius. We have chained the sub-FABs to the parent FABs so that they are in a single key line. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail.
Step 5: Working with the MainActivity File
Go to the MainActivity File and refer to the following code. Below is the code for the MainActivity File. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail.
Now, we handle all FABs using the setOnClickListener() method you may refer to Handling Click events in Button in Android. In this code, it’s been shown that when sub FABs are to be visible with onClickListener. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail.
Output: Run on Emulator
Mini Floating Action Button
Mini FABs are used on smaller screens. Mini FABs can also be used to create visual continuity with other screen elements. The following example shows a mini FAB with a plus icon.
Creating a Mini FAB
Now invoke the mini FAB button. Which is of 40dp radius. All the other things are renamed the same. Only one attribute needs to be changed that is:
After doing the changes the output UI looks like this:
Note: The FAB can also be made auto resizable by changing the fabSize attribute to auto. This will make FAB size automatically mini and normal according to the window size.