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Find the summation of the product of Array elements in range [L, R]

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  • Last Updated : 22 Jun, 2022
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Given an array arr[] and two integers L and R. The task is to find the sum of the product of all the pairs (i, j) in the range [L, R], such that i ≤ j.

Input: arr[] = { 1, 3, 5, 8 }, L = 0, R = 2
Output: 58
Explanation: As 1*1 + 1*3 + 1*5 + 3*3 + 3*5 + 5*5 = 58

Input: arr[] = { 2, 1, 4, 5, 3, 2, 1 }, L = 1, R = 5
Output: 140

 

Naive Approach: The brute force approach can be directly implemented by multiplying the indices using two nested loops and storing the sum in a variable.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ implementation of the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to return the sum
// of (arr[i]*arr[j]) for all i and j
// between the index L and R
int sum_of_products(int arr[], int N, int L,
                    int R)
{
    int sum = 0;
 
    for (int i = L; i <= R; i++) {
        for (int j = i; j <= R; j++) {
            sum += arr[i] * arr[j];
        }
    }
    return sum;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { 1, 3, 5, 8 };
    int N = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
    int L = 0;
    int R = 2;
    cout << sum_of_products(arr, N, L, R);
    return 0;
}


Java




// Java implementation of the above approach
import java.util.*;
public class GFG {
 
  // Function to return the sum
  // of (arr[i]*arr[j]) for all i and j
  // between the index L and R
  static int sum_of_products(int[] arr, int N, int L,
                             int R)
  {
    int sum = 0;
 
    for (int i = L; i <= R; i++) {
      for (int j = i; j <= R; j++) {
        sum += arr[i] * arr[j];
      }
    }
    return sum;
  }
 
  // Driver code
  public static void main(String args[])
  {
    int[] arr = { 1, 3, 5, 8 };
    int N = arr.length;
    int L = 0;
    int R = 2;
    System.out.println(sum_of_products(arr, N, L, R));
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Samim Hossain Mondal.


Python3




# Python program for the above approach:
 
## Function to return the sum
## of (arr[i]*arr[j]) for all i and j
## between the index L and R
def sum_of_products(arr, N, L, R):
 
    sum1 = 0
 
    for i in range(L, R + 1):
        for j in range(i, R + 1):
            sum1 += arr[i] * arr[j]
    return sum1
 
## Driver code
if __name__ == "__main__":
    arr = [ 1, 3, 5, 8 ]
    N = len(arr)
    L = 0
    R = 2
    print(sum_of_products(arr, N, L, R))
     
    # This code is contributed by entertain2022.


C#




// C# implementation of the above approach
using System;
class GFG {
 
  // Function to return the sum
  // of (arr[i]*arr[j]) for all i and j
  // between the index L and R
  static int sum_of_products(int[] arr, int N, int L,
                             int R)
  {
    int sum = 0;
 
    for (int i = L; i <= R; i++) {
      for (int j = i; j <= R; j++) {
        sum += arr[i] * arr[j];
      }
    }
    return sum;
  }
 
  // Driver code
  public static void Main()
  {
    int[] arr = { 1, 3, 5, 8 };
    int N = arr.Length;
    int L = 0;
    int R = 2;
    Console.WriteLine(sum_of_products(arr, N, L, R));
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by ukasp.


Javascript




<script>
       // JavaScript code for the above approach
 
 
       // Function to return the sum
       // of (arr[i]*arr[j]) for all i and j
       // between the index L and R
       function sum_of_products(arr, N, L, R) {
           let sum = 0;
 
           for (let i = L; i <= R; i++) {
               for (let j = i; j <= R; j++) {
                   sum += arr[i] * arr[j];
               }
           }
           return sum;
       }
 
       // Driver code
 
       let arr = [1, 3, 5, 8];
       let N = arr.length
       let L = 0;
       let R = 2;
       document.write(sum_of_products(arr, N, L, R));
 
 
        // This code is contributed by Potta Lokesh
   </script>


 
 

Output

58

 

Time complexity: O(N2)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

 

Efficient Approach: This problem can be efficiently solved by using the Prefix sum technique. In this method, store the prefix sum in pre-calculation and then iterate a single loop from L to R and multiply the corresponding prefix sum from that index to the last index.
 

Basically 1*1+1*3+1*5+3*3+3*5+5*5 can be written as 1*(1+3+5)+3*(3+5)+5*(5) = 1*(prefix_sum from 1 to 5)+3*(prefix_sum from 3 to 5)+5*(prefix sum from 5 to 5)

 

 

Below is the implementation of the above approach.

 

C++




// C++ code to implement above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to return the sum of
// (arr[i]*arr[j]) for all i and j
// between the index L and R
int sum_of_products(int arr[], int n, int L,
                    int R)
{
    int sum = 0;
    // Pre-calculating Prefix sum
    int prefix_sum[n];
    prefix_sum[0] = arr[0];
    for (int i = 1; i < n; i++) {
        prefix_sum[i] = prefix_sum[i - 1]
                        + arr[i];
    }
    // Using prefix sum to find
    // summation of products
    for (int i = L; i <= R; i++) {
 
        // if-else for i==0 case
        // in prefix sum
        if (i != 0)
            sum += arr[i]
                   * (prefix_sum[R]
                      - prefix_sum[i - 1]);
        else
            sum += arr[i] * (prefix_sum[R]);
    }
    return sum;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { 1, 3, 5, 8 };
    int N = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
    int L = 0;
    int R = 2;
    cout << sum_of_products(arr, N, L, R);
    return 0;
}


Java




// Java code to implement above approach
import java.util.*;
class GFG{
 
  // Function to return the sum of
  // (arr[i]*arr[j]) for all i and j
  // between the index L and R
  static int sum_of_products(int arr[], int n, int L,
                             int R)
  {
    int sum = 0;
 
    // Pre-calculating Prefix sum
    int []prefix_sum = new int[n];
    prefix_sum[0] = arr[0];
    for (int i = 1; i < n; i++) {
      prefix_sum[i] = prefix_sum[i - 1]
        + arr[i];
    }
 
    // Using prefix sum to find
    // summation of products
    for (int i = L; i <= R; i++) {
 
      // if-else for i==0 case
      // in prefix sum
      if (i != 0)
        sum += arr[i]
        * (prefix_sum[R]
           - prefix_sum[i - 1]);
      else
        sum += arr[i] * (prefix_sum[R]);
    }
    return sum;
  }
 
  // Driver code
  public static void main(String[] args)
  {
    int arr[] = { 1, 3, 5, 8 };
    int N = arr.length;
    int L = 0;
    int R = 2;
    System.out.print(sum_of_products(arr, N, L, R));
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by shikhasingrajput


Python3




# Python program for the above approach:
 
## Function to return the sum of
## (arr[i]*arr[j]) for all i and j
## between the index L and R
def sum_of_products(arr, n, L, R):
    sum = 0
    ## Pre-calculating Prefix sum
    prefix_sum = [0]*n;
    prefix_sum[0] = arr[0];
    for i in range(1, n):
        prefix_sum[i] = prefix_sum[i - 1] + arr[i]
     
    ## Using prefix sum to find
    ## summation of products
    for i in range(L, R + 1):
 
        ## if-else for i==0 case
        ## in prefix sum
        if (i != 0):
            sum += arr[i] * (prefix_sum[R] - prefix_sum[i - 1])
        else:
            sum += arr[i] * (prefix_sum[R])
 
    return sum
 
## Driver code
if __name__=='__main__':
 
    arr = [1, 3, 5, 8]
    N = len(arr)
    L = 0
    R = 2
    print(sum_of_products(arr, N, L, R))
 
    # This code is contributed by subhamgoyal2014.


C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
 
class GFG
{
 
  // Function to return the sum of
  // (arr[i]*arr[j]) for all i and j
  // between the index L and R
  static int sum_of_products(int[] arr, int n, int L,
                             int R)
  {
    int sum = 0;
 
    // Pre-calculating Prefix sum
    int []prefix_sum = new int[n];
    prefix_sum[0] = arr[0];
    for (int i = 1; i < n; i++) {
      prefix_sum[i] = prefix_sum[i - 1]
        + arr[i];
    }
 
    // Using prefix sum to find
    // summation of products
    for (int i = L; i <= R; i++) {
 
      // if-else for i==0 case
      // in prefix sum
      if (i != 0)
        sum += arr[i]
        * (prefix_sum[R]
           - prefix_sum[i - 1]);
      else
        sum += arr[i] * (prefix_sum[R]);
    }
    return sum;
  }
 
  // Driver Code
  public static void Main()
  {
    int[] arr = { 1, 3, 5, 8 };
    int N = arr.Length;
    int L = 0;
    int R = 2;
    Console.Write(sum_of_products(arr, N, L, R));
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by ukasp.


Javascript




<script>
// javascript code to implement above approach
 
    // Function to return the sum of
    // (arr[i]*arr[j]) for all i and j
    // between the index L and R
    function sum_of_products(arr , n , L , R) {
        var sum = 0;
 
        // Pre-calculating Prefix sum
        var prefix_sum = Array(n).fill(0);
        prefix_sum[0] = arr[0];
        for (i = 1; i < n; i++) {
            prefix_sum[i] = prefix_sum[i - 1] + arr[i];
        }
 
        // Using prefix sum to find
        // summation of products
        for (i = L; i <= R; i++) {
 
            // if-else for i==0 case
            // in prefix sum
            if (i != 0)
                sum += arr[i] * (prefix_sum[R] - prefix_sum[i - 1]);
            else
                sum += arr[i] * (prefix_sum[R]);
        }
        return sum;
    }
 
    // Driver code
        var arr = [ 1, 3, 5, 8 ];
        var N = arr.length;
        var L = 0;
        var R = 2;
        document.write(sum_of_products(arr, N, L, R));
 
// This code is contributed by umadevi9616
</script>


 
 

Output

58

Time complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(N) 


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