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Find the exact value of cosec 45°

  • Last Updated : 01 Jan, 2022

Trigonometry is a discipline of mathematics that studies the relationships between the lengths of the sides and angles of a right-angled triangle. Trigonometric functions, also known as goniometric functions, angle functions, or circular functions, are functions that establish the relationship between an angle to the ratio of two of the sides of a right-angled triangle. The six main trigonometric functions are sine, cosine, tangent, cotangent, secant, and cosecant.

Angles defined by the ratios of trigonometric functions are known as trigonometry angles. Trigonometric angles represent trigonometric functions. The value of the angle can be anywhere between 0-360°.

As given in the above figure in a right-angled triangle:

  • Hypotenuse: The side opposite to the right angle is the hypotenuse, It is the longest side in a right-angled triangle and opposite to the 90° angle.
  • Base: The side on which angle C lies is known as the base.
  • Perpendicular: It is the side opposite to angle C in consideration.

Trigonometric Functions

Trigonometry has 6 basic trigonometric functions, they are sine, cosine, tangent, cosecant, secant, and cotangent. Now let’s look into the trigonometric functions. The six trigonometric functions are as follows,

sine: It is defined as the ratio of perpendicular and hypotenuse and It is represented as sin θ

cosine: It is defined as the ratio of base and hypotenuse and it is represented as cos θ

tangent: It is defined as the ratio of sine and cosine of an angle. Thus the definition of tangent comes out to be the ratio of perpendicular and base and is represented as tan θ

cosecant: It is the reciprocal of sin θ and is represented as cosec θ.

secant: It is the reciprocal of cos θ and is represented as sec θ.

cotangent: It is the reciprocal of tan θ and is represented as cot θ.

Trigonometric Identities of Compl

tary and Supplementary Angles

  • Complementary Angles: Pair of angles whose sum is equal to 90°
  • Supplementary Angles: Pair of angles whose sum is equal to 180°

Identities of Complementary angles

sin (90° – θ) = cos θ

cos (90° – θ) = sin θ

tan (90° – θ) = cot θ

cot (90° – θ) = tan θ

sec (90° – θ) = cosec θ

cosec (90° – θ) = sec θ

Identities of supplementary angles

sin (180° – θ)  = sin θ

os (180° – θ) = – cos θ

tan (180° – θ) =  – tan θ

cot  (180° – θ) = – cot θ

sec (180° – θ) = – sec θ

cosec (180° – θ) = – cosec θ

Reciprocal Identities

Sin θ = 1/ Cosec θ                    OR        Cosec θ = 1/ Sin θ

Cos θ = 1/ Sec θ                       OR        Sec θ = 1 / Cos θ

Cot θ = 1 / Tan θ                     OR         Tan θ = 1 / Cot θ

Cot θ = Cos θ / Sin θ               OR         Tan θ

n θ / Cos θ

Tan θ.Cot θ = 1

Find the exact value of cosec 45°.

Solution:

By the Reciprocal Trigonometric Identities,

We know that,

Cosec θ = 1/ Sin θ

Hence,

csc 45° = 1/Sin 45°

Since, the value of Sin 45° is 1/√2, as given by Trigonometric Values Table

Therefore, the value of csc 45° = √2

Similar Questions

Question 1: Find the value of sin(120°).<

ong>

Solution:

sin(120°) = sin(90° + 30°)

Therefore, by applying the relation,

sin(90° + θ) = cos(θ),

sin(120°) = sin(90° + 30°)  

= cos(30°)

= √3/2

Question 2: Find the value of cos(120°).

Solution:

cos(120°) = cos(90° + 30°)

Therefore, by applying the relation,

cos(90° + θ) = -sin(θ),

cos(120°) = cos(90° + 30°)  

= -sin(30°)

= -1/2

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