Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Find sum of factorials till N factorial (1! + 2! + 3! + … + N!)

View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article
  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 29 Dec, 2021

Given a positive integer N. The task is to compute the sum of factorial from 1! to N!, 1! + 2! + 3! + … + N!.

Examples:

Input: N = 5
Output: 153
Explanation: 1! + 2! + 3! + 4! + 5! = 1 + 2 + 6 + 24 + 120 = 153.

Input: N = 1
Output: 1

 

Naive Approach: The basic way to solve this problem is to find the factorial of all numbers till 1 to N and calculate their sum.
Time Complexity: O(N^2) 
Auxiliary Space: O(1) 
 

Approach: An efficient approach is to calculate factorial and sum in the same loop making the time O(N). Traverse the numbers from 1 to N and for each number i: 
 

  • Multiply i with previous factorial (initially 1).
  • Add this new factorial to a collective sum

At the end, print this collective sum.

 

Below is the implementation of the above approach.

 

C++




// C++ program to compute sum of series
// 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + N!
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
  
// Function to return sum
// of 1!, 2! upto N!
int findFactSum(int N)
{
    // Initializing the variables
    int f = 1, Sum = 0;
  
    // Calculate the factorial and sum
    // in the same loop
    for (int i = 1; i <= N; i++) {
  
        f = f * i;
        Sum += f;
    }
  
    // Return Sum as the final result.
    return Sum;
}
  
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    int N = 5;
  
    // Function call
    cout << findFactSum(N);
  
    return 0;
}


Java




// Java code to implement above approach
class GFG {
  
    // Function to return sum
    // of 1!, 2! upto N!
    static int findFactSum(int N)
    {
  
        // Initializing the variables
        int f = 1, Sum = 0;
  
        // Calculate the factorial and sum
        // in the same loop
        for (int i = 1; i <= N; i++) {
  
            f = f * i;
            Sum += f;
        }
  
        // Return Sum as the final result.
        return Sum;
    }
  
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int N = 5;
        System.out.print(findFactSum(N));
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed ukasp.


Python3




# python program to compute sum of series
# 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + N!
  
# Function to return sum
# of 1!, 2! upto N!
def findFactSum(N):
  
    # Initializing the variables
    f = 1
    Sum = 0
  
    # Calculate the factorial and sum
    # in the same loop
    for i in range(1, N + 1):
        f = f * i
        Sum += f
  
    # Return Sum as the final result.
    return Sum
  
# Driver Code
if __name__ == "__main__":
    N = 5
  
    # Function call
    print(findFactSum(N))
  
    # This code is contributed by rakeshsahni


C#




// C# code to implement above approach
using System;
class GFG
{
  
  // Function to return sum
  // of 1!, 2! upto N!
  static int findFactSum(int N)
  {
  
    // Initializing the variables
    int f = 1, Sum = 0;
  
    // Calculate the factorial and sum
    // in the same loop
    for (int i = 1; i <= N; i++) {
  
      f = f * i;
      Sum += f;
    }
  
    // Return Sum as the final result.
    return Sum;
  }
  
  // Driver code
  public static void Main()
  {
    int N = 5;
    Console.Write(findFactSum(N));
  
  }
}
  
// This code is contributed by Samim Hossain Mondal.


Javascript




<script>
    // JavaScript code for the above approach
  
    // Function to return sum
    // of 1!, 2! upto N!
    function findFactSum(N)
    {
      
      // Initializing the variables
      let f = 1, Sum = 0;
  
      // Calculate the factorial and sum
      // in the same loop
      for (let i = 1; i <= N; i++) {
  
        f = f * i;
        Sum += f;
      }
  
      // Return Sum as the final result.
      return Sum;
    }
  
    // Driver Code
    let N = 5;
  
    // Function call
    document.write(findFactSum(N));
  
  // This code is contributed by Potta Lokesh
  </script>


 
 

Output: 

153

 

 

Time Complexity: O(N) 
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

 


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!