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Find Second largest element in an array

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 30 Jan, 2023
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3Given an array of integers, our task is to write a program that efficiently finds the second-largest element present in the array. 

Example:

Input: arr[] = {12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1}
Output: The second largest element is 34.
Explanation: The largest element of the 
array is 35 and the second 
largest element is 34

Input: arr[] = {10, 5, 10}
Output: The second largest element is 5.
Explanation: The largest element of 
the array is 10 and the second 
largest element is 5

Input: arr[] = {10, 10, 10}
Output: The second largest does not exist.
Explanation: Largest element of the array 
is 10 there is no second largest element
Recommended Practice

Complete Interview Preparation - GFG

Naive approach:

The idea is to sort the array in descending order and then return the second element which is not equal to the largest element from the sorted array.

Below is the implementation of the above idea:

C++




// C++ program to find second largest element in an array
 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
/* Function to print the second largest elements */
void print2largest(int arr[], int arr_size)
{
    int i, first, second;
    /* There should be atleast two elements */
    if (arr_size < 2) {
        printf(" Invalid Input ");
        return;
    }
    // sort the array
    sort(arr, arr + arr_size);
    // start from second last element as the largest element
    // is at last
    for (i = arr_size - 2; i >= 0; i--) {
        // if the element is not equal to largest element
        if (arr[i] != arr[arr_size - 1]) {
            printf("The second largest element is %d\n",arr[i]);
            return;
        }
    }
    printf("There is no second largest element\n");
}
 
/* Driver program to test above function */
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { 12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1 };
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
    print2largest(arr, n);
    return 0;
}
 
// This code is contributed by Aditya Kumar (adityakumar129)


C




// C program to find second largest element in an array
#include <stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
 
// Compare function for qsort
int cmpfunc(const void* a, const void* b)
{
    return (*(int*)a - *(int*)b);
}
 
/* Function to print the second largest elements */
void print2largest(int arr[], int arr_size)
{
    int i, first, second;
    /* There should be atleast two elements */
    if (arr_size < 2) {
        printf(" Invalid Input ");
        return;
    }
    // sort the array
    qsort(arr, arr_size, sizeof(int), cmpfunc);
    // start from second last element as the largest element
    // is at last
    for (i = arr_size - 2; i >= 0; i--) {
        // if the element is not
        // equal to largest element
        if (arr[i] != arr[arr_size - 1]) {
            printf("The second largest element is %d\n",arr[i]);
            return;
        }
    }
    printf("There is no second largest element\n");
}
 
/* Driver program to test above function */
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { 12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1 };
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
    print2largest(arr, n);
    return 0;
}
 
// This code is contributed by Aditya Kumar (adityakumar129)


Java




// Java program to find second largest
// element in an array
import java.util.*;
class GFG{
 
// Function to print the
// second largest elements
static void print2largest(int arr[],
                          int arr_size)
{
  int i, first, second;
 
  // There should be
  // atleast two elements
  if (arr_size < 2)
  {
    System.out.printf(" Invalid Input ");
    return;
  }
 
  // Sort the array
  Arrays.sort(arr);
 
  // Start from second last element
  // as the largest element is at last
  for (i = arr_size - 2; i >= 0; i--)
  {
    // If the element is not
    // equal to largest element
    if (arr[i] != arr[arr_size - 1])
    {
      System.out.printf("The second largest " +
                        "element is %d\n", arr[i]);
      return;
    }
  }
 
  System.out.printf("There is no second " +
                    "largest element\n");
}
 
// Driver code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
  int arr[] = {12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1};
  int n = arr.length;
  print2largest(arr, n);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by gauravrajput1


Python3




# Python3 program to find second
# largest element in an array
 
# Function to print the
# second largest elements
def print2largest(arr,
                  arr_size):
  
  # There should be
  # atleast two elements
  if (arr_size < 2):  
    print(" Invalid Input ")
    return
  
  # Sort the array
  arr.sort
  
  # Start from second last
  # element as the largest
  # element is at last
  for i in range(arr_size-2,
                 -1, -1):
  
    # If the element is not
    # equal to largest element
    if (arr[i] != arr[arr_size - 1]) :
     
      print("The second largest element is",
            arr[i])
      return
  
  print("There is no second largest element")
 
# Driver code
arr = [12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1]
n = len(arr)
print2largest(arr, n)
 
# This code is contributed by divyeshrabadiya07


C#




// C# program to find second largest
// element in an array
using System;
 
class GFG{
 
// Function to print the
// second largest elements
static void print2largest(int []arr,
                          int arr_size)
{
  int i;
 
  // There should be
  // atleast two elements
  if (arr_size < 2)
  {
    Console.Write(" Invalid Input ");
    return;
  }
 
  // Sort the array
  Array.Sort(arr);
 
  // Start from second last element
  // as the largest element is at last
  for(i = arr_size - 2; i >= 0; i--)
  {
       
    // If the element is not
    // equal to largest element
    if (arr[i] != arr[arr_size - 1])
    {
      Console.Write("The second largest " +
                    "element is {0}\n", arr[i]);
      return;
    }
  }
 
  Console.Write("There is no second " +
                "largest element\n");
}
 
// Driver code
public static void Main(String[] args)
{
  int []arr = { 12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1 };
  int n = arr.Length;
   
  print2largest(arr, n);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Amit Katiyar


Javascript




<script>
 
// Javascript program to find second largest
// element in an array
  
    // Function to print the second largest elements
    function print2largest(arr, arr_size) {
        let i, first, second;
  
        // There should be atleast two elements
        if (arr_size < 2) {
            document.write(" Invalid Input ");
            return;
        }
  
        // sort the array
        arr.sort();
  
        // start from second last element
        // as the largest element is at last
        for (i = arr_size - 2; i >= 0; i--) {
            // if the element is not
            // equal to largest element
            if (arr[i] != arr[arr_size - 1]) {
                document.write("The second largest element is " + arr[i]);
                return;
            }
        }
  
        document.write("There is no second largest element<br>");
    }
  
    // Driver program to test above function
 
    let arr= [ 12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1 ];
    let n = arr.length;
    print2largest(arr, n);
 
     
// This code is contributed by Surbhi Tyagi
 
</script>


Output

The second largest element is 34

Complexity Analysis:

  • Time Complexity: O(n log n). 
    The time required to sort the array is O(n log n).
  • Auxiliary space: O(1). 
    As no extra space is required.

Much More Efficient and Easy to Understand:

   The Approach:

         Here,we use set for avoiding duplicates and we just return the second last element as we know set store in sorted order.

C++




#include <iostream>
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
int main() {
    //given vector
    vector<int>v{12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1};
    //inserting all the element form vector v to set s.
    set<int>s(v.begin(),v.end());
    //clear the vector.
    v.clear();
    //insert all element back in vector in sorted order.
    for(auto it:s)v.push_back(it);
    //the size of updated vector.
    int n=v.size();
    //printing the second largest element in vector.
    cout<<"The Second Largest Element in Vector is: ";
    cout<<v[n-2]<<endl;
    return 0;
}


Python3




# Python3 code for the above approach
 
if __name__ == "__main__":
    # Given vector
    v = [12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1]
    # Print the second largest element in the vector
     
     # Converting the given vector to a set to remove duplicates
    s = set(v)
    # Sorting the set
    s = sorted(s)
     
    print("The Second Largest Element in Vector is: ",s[-2])
     
    #This code is contributed by nikhilsainiofficial546


C#




using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
 
public class Gfg
{
  public static void Main(string[] args)
  {
     
    // given array
    int[] v = {12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1};
 
    // inserting all the element form vector v to set s.
    SortedSet<int> s = new SortedSet<int>();
 
    for(int i = 0; i < v.Length; i++)
      s.Add(v[i]);
 
    // clear the vector.
    List<int> ans = new List<int>();
 
    // insert all element back in vector in sorted order.
    foreach (int res in s) {
      ans.Add(res);
    }
 
    // the size of updated vector.
    int n = ans.Count;
 
    // printing the second largest element in vector.
    Console.Write("The Second Largest Element in Vector is: ");
    Console.Write(ans[n-2]);
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by poojaagarwal2.


Javascript




// given vector
let v = [12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1];
 
// insertig all the element from vector v to set s.
let s = [];
for(let i = 0; i<v.length; i++) s.push(v[i]);
 
// clear the vector
v = [];
s.sort();
 
// insert all element back in vector  in sorted order
s.forEach(function(value){
    v.push(value);
})
 
// the size of updated vector
let n = v.length;
 
// pringing the second largest element in vector
console.log("The Second largest element in vector is : " + v[n-2]);
 
// THIS CODE IS CONTRIBUTED BY YASH AGARWAL(YASHAGARWAL2852002)


Output

The Second Largest Element in Vector is: 34

Complexity Analysis:

Time Complexity: O(N log N). 
The Time Required To Insert Into Set And Traversing It O(N log N).
Auxiliary space: O(N). 
As Required For Set.

Efficient Approach: 

The approach is to traverse the array twice. In the first traversal find the maximum element.  In the second traversal find the greatest element in the remaining excluding the previous greatest.

Below is the implementation of the above idea:

C++14




// C++ program to find the second largest element in the array
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
 
 
int secondLargest(int arr[], int n) {
    int largest = 0, secondLargest = -1;
 
    // finding the largest element in the array
    for (int i = 1; i < n; i++) {
        if (arr[i] > arr[largest])
            largest = i;
    }
 
    // finding the largest element in the array excluding
    // the largest element calculated above
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        if (arr[i] != arr[largest]) {
            // first change the value of second largest
            // as soon as the next element is found
            if (secondLargest == -1)
                secondLargest = i;
            else if (arr[i] > arr[secondLargest])
                secondLargest = i;
        }
    }
    return secondLargest;
}
 
 
int main() {
    int arr[] = { 12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1 };
    int n = sizeof(arr)/sizeof(arr[0]);
    int second_Largest = secondLargest(arr, n);
    if (second_Largest == -1)
        cout << "Second largest didn't exit\n";
    else
        cout << "Second largest : " << arr[second_Largest];
}


Java




// Java program to find second largest
// element in an array
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG{
 
// Function to print the second largest elements
static void print2largest(int arr[], int arr_size)
{
    int i, first, second;
 
    // There should be atleast two elements
    if (arr_size < 2)
    {
        System.out.printf(" Invalid Input ");
        return;
    }
 
    int largest = second = Integer.MIN_VALUE;
 
    // Find the largest element
    for(i = 0; i < arr_size; i++)
    {
        largest = Math.max(largest, arr[i]);
    }
 
    // Find the second largest element
    for(i = 0; i < arr_size; i++)
    {
        if (arr[i] != largest)
            second = Math.max(second, arr[i]);
    }
    if (second == Integer.MIN_VALUE)
        System.out.printf("There is no second " +
                          "largest element\n");
    else
        System.out.printf("The second largest " +
                          "element is %d\n", second);
}
 
// Driver code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    int arr[] = { 12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1 };
    int n = arr.length;
     
    print2largest(arr, n);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Amit Katiyar


Python3




# Python3 program to find
# second largest element
# in an array
 
# Function to print
# second largest elements
def print2largest(arr, arr_size):
 
    # There should be atleast
    # two elements
    if (arr_size < 2):
        print(" Invalid Input ");
        return;
 
    largest = second = -2454635434;
 
    # Find the largest element
    for i in range(0, arr_size):
        largest = max(largest, arr[i]);
 
    # Find the second largest element
    for i in range(0, arr_size):
        if (arr[i] != largest):
            second = max(second, arr[i]);
 
    if (second == -2454635434):
        print("There is no second " +
              "largest element");
    else:
        print("The second largest " +
              "element is \n", second);
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == '__main__':
   
    arr = [12, 35, 1,
           10, 34, 1];
    n = len(arr);
    print2largest(arr, n);
 
# This code is contributed by shikhasingrajput


C#




// C# program to find second largest
// element in an array
using System;
 
class GFG{
 
// Function to print the second largest elements
static void print2largest(int []arr, int arr_size)
{
    // int first;
    int i, second;
 
    // There should be atleast two elements
    if (arr_size < 2)
    {
        Console.Write(" Invalid Input ");
        return;
    }
 
    int largest = second = int.MinValue;
 
    // Find the largest element
    for(i = 0; i < arr_size; i++)
    {
        largest = Math.Max(largest, arr[i]);
    }
 
    // Find the second largest element
    for(i = 0; i < arr_size; i++)
    {
        if (arr[i] != largest)
            second = Math.Max(second, arr[i]);
    }
     
    if (second == int.MinValue)
        Console.Write("There is no second " +
                      "largest element\n");
    else
        Console.Write("The second largest " +
                      "element is {0}\n", second);
}
 
// Driver code
public static void Main(String[] args)
{
    int []arr = { 12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1 };
    int n = arr.Length;
     
    print2largest(arr, n);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Amit Katiyar


Javascript




<script>
  
// Javascript program to find second largest
// element in an array
   
    // Function to print the second largest elements
    function print2largest(arr, arr_size) {
        let i;
        let largest = second = -2454635434;
   
        // There should be atleast two elements
        if (arr_size < 2) {
            document.write(" Invalid Input ");
            return;
        }
   
        // finding the largest element
        for (i = 0;i<arr_size;i++){
            if (arr[i]>largest){
                largest = arr[i];
            }
        }
   
        // Now find the second largest element
        for (i = 0 ;i<arr_size;i++){
            if (arr[i]>second && arr[i]<largest){
                second = arr[i];
            }
        }
  
        if (second == -2454635434){
             
        document.write("There is no second largest element<br>");
        }
        else{
            document.write("The second largest element is " + second);
                return;
            }
        }
     
   
    // Driver program to test above function
  
    let arr= [ 12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1 ];
    let n = arr.length;
    print2largest(arr, n);
   
</script>


Output

Second largest : 34

Complexity Analysis:

  • Time Complexity: O(n). 
    Two traversals of the array are needed.
  • Auxiliary space: O(1). 
    As no extra space is required.

Efficient Approach: 

Find the second largest element in a single traversal. 

Below is the complete algorithm for doing this:  

1) Initialize the first as 0(i.e, index of arr[0] element
2) Start traversing the array from array[1],
   a) If the current element in array say arr[i] is greater
      than first. Then update first and second as,
      second = first
      first = arr[i]
   b) If the current element is in between first and second,
      then update second to store the value of current variable as
      second = arr[i]
3) Return the value stored in second.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C




// C program to find second largest
// element in an array
 
#include <limits.h>
#include <stdio.h>
 
/* Function to print the second largest elements */
void print2largest(int arr[], int arr_size)
{
    int i, first, second;
 
    /* There should be atleast two elements */
    if (arr_size < 2) {
        printf(" Invalid Input ");
        return;
    }
 
    first = second = INT_MIN;
    for (i = 0; i < arr_size; i++) {
        /* If current element is greater than first
           then update both first and second */
        if (arr[i] > first) {
            second = first;
            first = arr[i];
        }
 
        /* If arr[i] is in between first and
           second then update second  */
        else if (arr[i] > second && arr[i] != first)
            second = arr[i];
    }
    if (second == INT_MIN)
        printf("There is no second largest element\n");
    else
        printf("The second largest element is %d", second);
}
 
/* Driver program to test above function */
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { 12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1 };
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
    print2largest(arr, n);
    return 0;
}


C++




// C++ program to find the second largest element
 
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
 
// returns the index of second largest
// if second largest didn't exist return -1
int secondLargest(int arr[], int n) {
    int first = 0, second = -1;
    for (int i = 1; i < n; i++) {
        if (arr[i] > arr[first]) {
            second = first;
            first = i;
        }
        else if (arr[i] < arr[first]) {
            if (second == -1 || arr[second] < arr[i])
                second = i;
        }
    }
    return second;
}
 
int main() {
    int arr[] = { 12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1 };
    int index = secondLargest(arr, sizeof(arr)/sizeof(arr[0]));
    if (index == -1)
        cout << "Second Largest didn't exist";
    else
        cout << "Second largest : " << arr[index];
}


Java




// JAVA Code for Find Second largest
// element in an array
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG {
 
    /* Function to print the second largest
    elements */
    public static void print2largest(int arr[],
                                     int arr_size)
    {
        int i, first, second;
 
        /* There should be atleast two elements */
        if (arr_size < 2) {
            System.out.print(" Invalid Input ");
            return;
        }
 
        first = second = Integer.MIN_VALUE;
        for (i = 0; i < arr_size; i++) {
            /* If current element is greater than
            first then update both first and second */
            if (arr[i] > first) {
                second = first;
                first = arr[i];
            }
 
            /* If arr[i] is in between first and
               second then update second  */
            else if (arr[i] > second && arr[i] != first)
                second = arr[i];
        }
 
        if (second == Integer.MIN_VALUE)
            System.out.print("There is no second largest"
                             + " element\n");
        else
            System.out.print("The second largest element"
                             + " is " + second);
    }
 
    /* Driver program to test above function */
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int arr[] = { 12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1 };
        int n = arr.length;
        print2largest(arr, n);
    }
}
// This code is contributed by Arnav Kr. Mandal.


Python3




# Python program to
# find second largest
# element in an array
 
 
# Function to print the
# second largest elements
def print2largest(arr, arr_size):
 
    # There should be atleast
        # two elements
    if (arr_size < 2):
     
        print(" Invalid Input ")
        return
     
 
    first = second = -2147483648
    for i in range(arr_size):
     
        # If current element is
                # smaller than first
        # then update both
                # first and second
        if (arr[i] > first):
         
            second = first
            first = arr[i]
         
 
        # If arr[i] is in
                # between first and
        # second then update second
        elif (arr[i] > second and arr[i] != first):
            second = arr[i]
     
    if (second == -2147483648):
        print("There is no second largest element")
    else:
        print("The second largest element is", second)
 
 
# Driver program to test
# above function
arr = [12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1]
n = len(arr)
 
print2largest(arr, n)
 
# This code is contributed
# by Anant Agarwal.


C#




// C# Code for Find Second largest
// element in an array
using System;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to print the
    // second largest elements
    public static void print2largest(int[] arr,
                                     int arr_size)
    {
        int i, first, second;
 
        // There should be atleast two elements
        if (arr_size < 2) {
            Console.WriteLine(" Invalid Input ");
            return;
        }
 
        first = second = int.MinValue;
        for (i = 0; i < arr_size; i++) {
            // If current element is smaller than
            // first then update both first and second
            if (arr[i] > first) {
                second = first;
                first = arr[i];
            }
 
            // If arr[i] is in between first
            // and second then update second
            else if (arr[i] > second && arr[i] != first)
                second = arr[i];
        }
 
        if (second == int.MinValue)
            Console.Write("There is no second largest"
                          + " element\n");
        else
            Console.Write("The second largest element"
                          + " is " + second);
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main(String[] args)
    {
        int[] arr = { 12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1 };
        int n = arr.Length;
        print2largest(arr, n);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Parashar.


PHP




<?php
// PHP program to find second largest
// element in an array
 
// Function to print the
// second largest elements
function print2largest($arr, $arr_size)
{
 
    // There should be atleast
    // two elements
    if ($arr_size < 2)
    {
        echo(" Invalid Input ");
        return;
    }
 
    $first = $second = PHP_INT_MIN;
    for ($i = 0; $i < $arr_size ; $i++)
    {
         
        // If current element is
        // smaller than first
        // then update both
        // first and second
        if ($arr[$i] > $first)
        {
            $second = $first;
            $first = $arr[$i];
        }
 
        // If arr[i] is in
        // between first and
        // second then update
        // second
        else if ($arr[$i] > $second &&
                 $arr[$i] != $first)
            $second = $arr[$i];
    }
    if ($second == PHP_INT_MIN)
        echo("There is no second largest element\n");
    else
        echo("The second largest element is " . $second . "\n");
}
 
// Driver Code
$arr = array(12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1);
$n = sizeof($arr);
print2largest($arr, $n);
 
// This code is contributed by Ajit.
?>


Javascript




<script>
  
// Javascript program to find second largest
// element in an array
   
    // Function to print the second largest elements
    function print2largest(arr, arr_size) {
        let i;
        let largest = second = -2454635434;
   
        // There should be atleast two elements
        if (arr_size < 2) {
            document.write(" Invalid Input ");
            return;
        }
   
        // finding the largest element
         
        for (i = 0 ;i<arr_size;i++){
            if (arr[i]>largest){
                second = largest ;
                largest = arr[i]
            }
 
            else if (arr[i]!=largest && arr[i]>second ){
                second = arr[i];
            }
        }
  
        if (second == -2454635434){
             
        document.write("There is no second largest element<br>");
        }
        else{
            document.write("The second largest element is " + second);
                return;
            }
        }
     
 
    // Driver program to test above function
  
    let arr= [ 12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1 ];
    let n = arr.length;
    print2largest(arr, n);
     
 // This code is contributed by Shaswat Singh
  
</script>


Output

The second largest element is 34

Complexity Analysis:

  • Time Complexity: O(n). 
    Only one traversal of the array is needed.
  • Auxiliary space: O(1). 
    As no extra space is required.

Another Approach for finding the second largest using the map data structure

Step 1: Initialize a map data.

Step 2: Store the elements of the array with their count in the map and map data structure always arrange the elements in their increasing order.

Step 3: If map size is greater than 1 then second largest exist else not exist.

Step 4: If size greater 1 then get the second last key from end by using rbegin() of map data structure because every key will be distinct. 

Step 5: Finally print the second largest. 

Let’s see the implementation for the above algorithm : –

C++




#include <bits/stdc++.h>
 
using namespace std;
 
void secondLargest(int n, vector<int> vec){
    // size of array should be greater than 1
    if(n < 2){
        cout << "Invalid Input";
        return;
    }
    map<int, int> count;
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++){
        count[vec[i]]++;
    }
    // Checking if count size is equal to 1 it
    // means only largest element exist there is no second
    // largest element
    if(count.size() == 1){
        cout << "No Second largest element exist";
        return;
    }
    int size = 1;
    for(auto it = count.rbegin(); it != count.rend(); it++){
        if(size == 2){
            cout << "The second largest element is: " << it->first;
            break;
        }
        size++;
    }
    cout << endl;
}
 
int main() {
    vector<int> vec = { 12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1 };
    secondLargest(vec.size(), vec);
    return 0;
}


Python3




from collections import defaultdict
 
def second_largest(n, vec):
    # size of array should be greater than 1
    if n < 2:
        print("Invalid Input")
        return
 
    count = defaultdict(int)
    for i in range(n):
        count[vec[i]] += 1
 
    # Checking if count size is equal to 1 it
    # means only largest element exist there is no second
    # largest element
    if len(count) == 1:
        print("No Second largest element exist")
        return
 
    # sort the dictionary by key in descending order
    count_sorted = sorted(count.items(), key=lambda x: x[0], reverse=True)
    second_largest = None
    for i, (key, value) in enumerate(count_sorted):
        if i == 1:
            second_largest = key
            break
 
    if second_largest is not None:
        print("The second largest element is:", second_largest)
 
vec = [12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1]
second_largest(len(vec), vec)
 
# This code is contributed by divyansh2212


Javascript




function secondLargest(n, vec){
    // size of array should be greater than 1
    if(n < 2){
        console.log("Invalid Input");
        return;
    }
    let count = {};
    for(let i = 0; i < n; i++){
        if(vec[i] in count){
            count[vec[i]] += 1;
        }
        else{
            count[vec[i]] = 1;
        }
    }
 
    // checking if count size is equal to 1
    // it means only largest element exist
    // there is no second largest element
    if(count.length == 1){
        console.log("No second largest element exist");
        return;
    }
 
    let keys = Object.keys(count);
    console.log(keys[keys.length-2]);
}
let vec = [12, 35, 1, 10, 34, 1];
 
secondLargest(vec.length, vec);
 
// This code is contributed by sdeadityasharma.


Output

The second largest element is: 34

Time Complexity: O(n), where n = size of array
Auxiliary Space: O(n)

Related Article
Smallest and second smallest element in an array

This article is contributed by Harsh Agarwal. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to review-team@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks. 


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