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Find digits present in given jumbled String

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 10 Jun, 2022

Given a string s of length N, containing digits written in words but in jumbled form, the task is to find out the digits present in the string in word form and arrange them in sorted order.

Examples:

Input:  s = “ozerotwneozero”
Output: 0012
Explanation: The string can be arranged as “zerozeroonetwo”.
Therefore the digits are 0, 0, 1 and 2.

Input:  s = “otwneotheer”
Output: 123

 

Approach: This problem can be solved using map based on the following idea:

Store the frequencies of each of the digits and then try the word representation of each of the digits starting from 0 to 9.  

Follow the below steps to implement the idea:

  • Take one string variable ans = “” and one map named as mp.
  • Traverse string s and insert all the characters in map.
  • Run loop for all the digit from 0 to 9
    • Now check in map that all the character of alphabetical representation of that digit is present or not.
      • If we found all the characters of zero then append that digit as char in ans.
      • Check again for the same until no more same digit is found.
  • Return ans.

Below is the code of the above implementation:

C++




// C++ code to implement the approach
 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the digits present
// in a string
string findNumber(string S, int N)
{
    // Stores the final ans
    string ans = "";
 
    // Stores the corresponding character
    // from the word
    map<char, int> mp;
    for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
        mp[S[i]]++;
    }
 
    while (mp['z'] && mp['e'] && mp['r']
           && mp['o']) {
        mp['z']--;
        mp['e']--;
        mp['r']--;
        mp['o']--;
        ans += '0';
    }
    while (mp['o'] && mp['n'] && mp['e']) {
        mp['o']--;
        mp['n']--;
        mp['e']--;
        ans += '1';
    }
    while (mp['t'] && mp['w'] && mp['o']) {
        mp['t']--;
        mp['w']--;
        mp['o']--;
        ans += '2';
    }
    while (mp['t'] && mp['h'] && mp['r']
           && mp['e'] && mp['e']) {
        mp['t']--;
        mp['h']--;
        mp['r']--;
        mp['e']--;
        mp['e']--;
        ans += '3';
    }
    while (mp['f'] && mp['o'] && mp['u']
           && mp['r']) {
        mp['f']--;
        mp['o']--;
        mp['u']--;
        mp['r']--;
        ans += '4';
    }
    while (mp['f'] && mp['i'] && mp['v']
           && mp['e']) {
        mp['f']--;
        mp['i']--;
        mp['v']--;
        mp['e']--;
        ans += '5';
    }
    while (mp['s'] && mp['i'] && mp['x']) {
        mp['s']--;
        mp['i']--;
        mp['x']--;
        ans += '6';
    }
    while (mp['s'] && mp['e'] && mp['v']
           && mp['e'] && mp['n']) {
        mp['s']--;
        mp['e']--;
        mp['v']--;
        mp['e']--;
        mp['n']--;
        ans += '7';
    }
    while (mp['e'] && mp['i'] && mp['g']
           && mp['h'] && mp['t']) {
        mp['e']--;
        mp['i']--;
        mp['g']--;
        mp['h']--;
        mp['t']--;
        ans += '8';
    }
    while (mp['n'] && mp['i'] && mp['n']
           && mp['e']) {
        mp['n']--;
        mp['i']--;
        mp['n']--;
        mp['e']--;
        ans += '9';
    }
    return ans;
}
 
// Driver program
int main()
{
    string s = "zerootwneozero";
    int N = s.size();
 
    // Function call
    cout << findNumber(s, N);
    return 0;
}


Java




// Java code to implement the approach
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG {
    // Function to find the digits present
    // in a string
    public static String findNumber(String S, int N)
    {
        // Stores the final ans
        String ans = "";
 
        // Stores the corresponding character
        // from the word
        TreeMap<Character, Integer> mp
            = new TreeMap<Character, Integer>();
        for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
            if (mp.get(S.charAt(i)) != null)
                mp.put(S.charAt(i),
                       mp.get(S.charAt(i)) + 1);
            else
                mp.put(S.charAt(i), 1);
        }
        for (char i = 'a'; i < 'z'; i++) {
            if (mp.get(i) == null)
                mp.put(i, 0);
        }
        while (mp.get('z') != 0 && mp.get('e') != 0
               && mp.get('r') != 0 && mp.get('o') != 0) {
            mp.put('z', mp.get('z') - 1);
            mp.put('e', mp.get('e') - 1);
            mp.put('r', mp.get('r') - 1);
            mp.put('o', mp.get('o') - 1);
            ans += '0';
        }
        while (mp.get('o') != 0 && mp.get('n') != 0
               && mp.get('e') != 0) {
            mp.put('o', mp.get('o') - 1);
            mp.put('n', mp.get('n') - 1);
            mp.put('e', mp.get('e') - 1);
            ans += '1';
        }
        while (mp.get('t') != 0 && mp.get('w') != 0
               && mp.get('o') != 0) {
            mp.put('t', mp.get('t') - 1);
            mp.put('w', mp.get('w') - 1);
            mp.put('o', mp.get('o') - 1);
            ans += '2';
        }
        while (mp.get('t') != 0 && mp.get('h') != 0
               && mp.get('r') != 0 && mp.get('e') != 0
               && mp.get('e') != 0) {
            mp.put('t', mp.get('t') - 1);
            mp.put('h', mp.get('h') - 1);
            mp.put('r', mp.get('r') - 1);
            mp.put('e', mp.get('e') - 1);
            mp.put('e', mp.get('e') - 1);
            ans += '3';
        }
        while (mp.get('f') != 0 && mp.get('o') != 0
               && mp.get('u') != 0 && mp.get('r') != 0) {
            mp.put('f', mp.get('f') - 1);
            mp.put('o', mp.get('o') - 1);
            mp.put('u', mp.get('u') - 1);
            mp.put('r', mp.get('r') - 1);
            ans += '4';
        }
        while (mp.get('f') != 0 && mp.get('i') != 0
               && mp.get('v') != 0 && mp.get('e') != 0) {
            mp.put('f', mp.get('f') - 1);
            mp.put('i', mp.get('i') - 1);
            mp.put('v', mp.get('v') - 1);
            mp.put('e', mp.get('e') - 1);
            ans += '5';
        }
        while (mp.get('s') != 0 && mp.get('i') != 0
               && mp.get('x') != 0) {
            mp.put('s', mp.get('s') - 1);
            mp.put('i', mp.get('i') - 1);
            mp.put('x', mp.get('x') - 1);
            ans += '6';
        }
        while (mp.get('s') != 0 && mp.get('e') != 0
               && mp.get('v') != 0 && mp.get('e') != 0
               && mp.get('n') != 0) {
            mp.put('s', mp.get('s') - 1);
            mp.put('e', mp.get('e') - 1);
            mp.put('v', mp.get('v') - 1);
            mp.put('e', mp.get('e') - 1);
            mp.put('n', mp.get('n') - 1);
            ans += '7';
        }
        while (mp.get('e') != 0 && mp.get('i') != 0
               && mp.get('g') != 0 && mp.get('h') != 0
               && mp.get('t') != 0) {
            mp.put('e', mp.get('e') - 1);
            mp.put('i', mp.get('i') - 1);
            mp.put('g', mp.get('g') - 1);
            mp.put('h', mp.get('h') - 1);
            mp.put('t', mp.get('t') - 1);
            ans += '8';
        }
        while (mp.get('n') != 0 && mp.get('i') != 0
               && mp.get('n') != 0 && mp.get('e') != 0) {
            mp.put('n', mp.get('n') - 1);
            mp.put('i', mp.get('i') - 1);
            mp.put('n', mp.get('n') - 1);
            mp.put('e', mp.get('e') - 1);
            ans += '9';
        }
        return ans;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        String s = "zerootwneozero";
        int N = s.length();
 
        // Function call
        System.out.print(findNumber(s, N));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Rohit Pradhan


Python3




# Python code to implement the approach
 
# Function to find the digits present
# in a string
def findNumber(S, N):
 
    # Stores the final ans
    ans = ""
 
    # Stores the corresponding character
    # from the word
    mp = {}
    for i in range(N):
        if S[i] in mp:
            mp[S[i]] += 1
        else:
            mp[S[i]] = 1
 
    while ('z' in mp and 'e' in mp and 'r' in mp and 'o' in mp  and mp['z'] and mp['e'] and mp['r'] and mp['o']):
        mp['z'] -= 1
        mp['e'] -= 1
        mp['r'] -= 1
        mp['o'] -= 1
        ans += '0'
 
    while ('o' in mp and 'n' in mp and 'e' in mp and mp['o'] and mp['n'] and mp['e']):
        mp['o'] -= 1
        mp['n'] -= 1
        mp['e'] -= 1
        ans += '1'
     
    while ('t' in mp and 'w' in mp and 'o' in mp and mp['t'] and mp['w'] and mp['o']):
        mp['t'] -= 1
        mp['w'] -= 1
        mp['o'] -= 1
        ans += '2'
 
    while ('t' in mp and 'h' in mp and 'r' in mp and 'e' in mp and 'e' in mp and mp['t'] and mp['h'] and mp['r']
           and mp['e'] and mp['e']):
        mp['t'] -= 1
        mp['h'] -= 1
        mp['r'] -= 1
        mp['e'] -= 1
        mp['e'] -= 1
        ans += '3'
 
    while ('f' in mp and 'o' in mp and 'u' in mp and 'r' in mp and mp['f'] and mp['o'] and mp['u']
           and mp['r']):
        mp['f'] -= 1
        mp['o'] -= 1
        mp['u'] -= 1
        mp['r'] -= 1
        ans += '4'
     
    while ('f' in mp and 'i' in mp and 'v' in mp and 'e' in mp and mp['f'] and mp['i'] and mp['v']
           and mp['e']):
        mp['f'] -= 1
        mp['i'] -= 1
        mp['v'] -= 1
        mp['e'] -= 1
        ans += '5'
 
    while ('s' in mp and 'i' in mp and 'x' in mp and mp['s'] and mp['i'] and mp['x']):
        mp['s'] -= 1
        mp['i'] -= 1
        mp['x'] -= 1
        ans += '6'
 
    while ('s' in mp and 'e' in mp and 'v' in mp and 'e' in mp and 'n' in mp and mp['s'] and mp['e'] and mp['v']
           and mp['e'] and mp['n']):
        mp['s'] -= 1
        mp['e'] -= 1
        mp['v'] -= 1
        mp['e'] -= 1
        mp['n'] -= 1
        ans += '7'
     
    while ('e' in mp and 'i' in mp and 'g' in mp and 'h' in mp and 't' in mp and mp['e'] and mp['i'] and mp['g']
           and mp['h'] and mp['t']):
        mp['e'] -= 1
        mp['i'] -= 1
        mp['g'] -= 1
        mp['h'] -= 1
        mp['t'] -= 1
        ans += '8'
    while ('n' in mp and 'i' in mp and 'n' in mp and 'e' in mp and mp['n'] and mp['i'] and mp['n']
           and mp['e']):
        mp['n'] -= 1
        mp['i'] -= 1
        mp['n'] -= 1
        mp['e'] -= 1
        ans += '9'
 
    return ans
 
# Driver program
 
s = "zerootwneozero"
N = len(s)
 
# Function call
print(findNumber(s, N))
 
# this code is contributed by shinjanpatra


C#




// C# code to implement the approach
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
 
public class GFG
{
 
  // Function to find the digits present
  // in a string
  static string findNumber(string S, int N)
  {
    // Stores the final ans
    string ans = "";
 
    // Stores the corresponding character
    // from the word
    IDictionary<char, int> mp = new Dictionary<char, int>();
 
    //Initializing the map
    string letters = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz";
    for (int i = 0; i < 26; i++) {
      if (!mp.ContainsKey(letters[i]))
        mp[letters[i]] = 0;
    }
 
    //building the map from the given string
    for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
      mp[S[i]]++;
    }
 
    //updating the map based on the conditions
    //in the question
    while (mp['z'] * mp['e'] * mp['r'] * mp['o'] != 0) {
      mp['z']--;
      mp['e']--;
      mp['r']--;
      mp['o']--;
      ans += '0';
    }
    while (mp['o'] * mp['n'] * mp['e'] != 0) {
      mp['o']--;
      mp['n']--;
      mp['e']--;
      ans += '1';
    }
    while (mp['t'] * mp['w'] * mp['o'] != 0) {
      mp['t']--;
      mp['w']--;
      mp['o']--;
      ans += '2';
    }
    while (mp['t'] * mp['h'] * mp['r'] * mp['e'] * mp['e'] != 0) {
      mp['t']--;
      mp['h']--;
      mp['r']--;
      mp['e']--;
      mp['e']--;
      ans += '3';
    }
    while (mp['f'] * mp['o'] * mp['u'] * mp['r'] != 0) {
      mp['f']--;
      mp['o']--;
      mp['u']--;
      mp['r']--;
      ans += '4';
    }
    while (mp['f'] * mp['i'] * mp['v'] *  mp['e'] != 0) {
      mp['f']--;
      mp['i']--;
      mp['v']--;
      mp['e']--;
      ans += '5';
    }
    while (mp['s'] * mp['i'] * mp['x'] != 0) {
      mp['s']--;
      mp['i']--;
      mp['x']--;
      ans += '6';
    }
    while (mp['s'] * mp['e'] * mp['v'] * mp['e'] * mp['n'] != 0) {
      mp['s']--;
      mp['e']--;
      mp['v']--;
      mp['e']--;
      mp['n']--;
      ans += '7';
    }
    while (mp['e'] * mp['i'] * mp['g'] * mp['h'] * mp['t'] != 0) {
      mp['e']--;
      mp['i']--;
      mp['g']--;
      mp['h']--;
      mp['t']--;
      ans += '8';
    }
    while (mp['n'] * mp['i'] * mp['n'] * mp['e'] != 0) {
      mp['n']--;
      mp['i']--;
      mp['n']--;
      mp['e']--;
      ans += '9';
    }
    return ans;
  }
 
  // Driver code
  public static void Main(string[] args)
  {
    string s = "zerootwneozero";
    int N = s.Length;
 
    // Function call
    Console.WriteLine(findNumber(s, N));
  }
}
 
//This code is contributed by phasing17


Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript code to implement the approach
 
// Function to find the digits present
// in a string
function findNumber(S, N){
 
    // Stores the final ans
    let ans = ""
 
    // Stores the corresponding character
    // from the word
    let mp = new Map()
    for(let i=0;i<N;i++){
        if(mp.has(S[i]))
            mp.set(S[i], mp.get(S[i])+ 1)
        else
            mp.set(S[i],1)
    }
 
    while (mp.has('z') && mp.has('e') && mp.has('r') && mp.has('o')  && mp.get('z')>0 && mp.get('e')>0 && mp.get('r')>0 && mp.get('o')>0){
        mp.set('z',mp.get('z')-1);
        mp.set('e',mp.get('e')-1);
        mp.set('r',mp.get('r')-1);
        mp.set('o',mp.get('o')-1);
        ans += '0'
    }
 
    while (mp.has('o') && mp.has('n') && mp.has('e') && mp.get('o')>0 && mp.get('n')>0 && mp.get('e')>0){
        mp.set('o',mp.get('o')-1);
        mp.set('n',mp.get('n')-1);
        mp.set('e',mp.get('e')-1);
        ans += '1'
    }
    while (mp.has('t') && mp.has('w') && mp.has('o') && mp.get('t')>0 && mp.get('w')>0 && mp.get('o')>0){
        mp.set('t',mp.get('t')-1);
        mp.set('w',mp.get('w')-1);
        mp.set('o',mp.get('o')-1);
        ans += '2'
    }
    while (mp.has('t') && mp.has('h') && mp.has('r') && mp.has('e') && mp.has('e') && mp.get('t')>0 && mp.get('h')>0 && mp.get('r')>0
           && mp.get('e')>0 && mp.get('e')>0){
        mp.set('t',mp.get('t')-1);
        mp.set('h',mp.get('h')-1);
        mp.set('r',mp.get('r')-1);
        mp.set('e',mp.get('e')-1);
        mp.set('e',mp.get('e')-1);
        ans += '3'
    }
    while (mp.has('f') && mp.has('o') && mp.has('u') && mp.has('r') && mp.get('f')>0 && mp.get('o')>0 && mp.get('u')>0
           && mp.get('r')>0){
        mp.set('f',mp.get('f')-1);
        mp.set('o',mp.get('o')-1);
        mp.set('u',mp.get('u')-1);
        mp.set('r',mp.get('r')-1);
        ans += '4'
    }
    while (mp.has('f') && mp.has('i') && mp.has('v') && mp.has('e') && mp.get('f')>0 && mp.get('i')>0 && mp.get('v')>0
           && mp.get('e')>0){
        mp.set('f',mp.get('f')-1);
        mp.set('i',mp.get('i')-1);
        mp.set('v',mp.get('v')-1);
        mp.set('e',mp.get('e')-1);
        ans += '5'
    }
    while (mp.has('s') && mp.has('i') && mp.has('x') && mp.get('s')>0 && mp.get('i')>0 && mp.get('x')>0){
        mp.set('s',mp.get('s')-1);
        mp.set('i',mp.get('i')-1);
        mp.set('x',mp.get('x')-1);
        ans += '6'
    }
    while (mp.has('s') && mp.has('e') && mp.has('v') && mp.has('e') && mp.has('n') && mp.get('s')>0 && mp.get('e')>0 && mp.get('v')>0
           && mp.get('e')>0 && mp.get('n')>0){
        mp.set('s',mp.get('s')-1)
        mp.set('e',mp.get('e')-1)
        mp.set('v',mp.get('v')-1)
        mp.set('e',mp.get('e')-1)
        mp.set('n',mp.get('n')-1)
        ans += '7'
    }
     
    while (mp.has('e') && mp.has('i') && mp.has('g') && mp.has('h') && mp.has('t') && mp.get('e')>0 && mp.get('i')>0 && mp.get('g')>0
           && mp.get('h')>0 && mp.get('t')>0){
        mp.set('e',mp.get('e')-1);
        mp.set('i',mp.get('i')-1);
        mp.set('g',mp.get('g')-1);
        mp.set('h',mp.get('h')-1);
        mp.set('t',mp.get('t')-1);
        ans += '8'
    }
    while (mp.has('n') && mp.has('i') && mp.has('n') && mp.has('e') && mp.get('n')>0 && mp.get('i')>0 && mp.get('n')>0
           && mp.get('e')>0){
        mp.set('n',mp.get('n')-1);
        mp.set('i',mp.get('i')-1);
        mp.set('n',mp.get('n')-1);
        mp.set('e',mp.get('e')-1);
        ans += '9'
    }
    return ans
}
 
// Driver program
 
let s = "zerootwneozero"
let N = s.length
 
// Function call
document.write(findNumber(s, N))
 
// this code is contributed by shinjanpatra
 
</script>


Output

0012

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(N)


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