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# Find average of a list in python

• Difficulty Level : Easy
• Last Updated : 08 Mar, 2023

Prerequisites: sum() function, len() function, round() function, reduce(), lambda, and mean(). Given a list of numbers, the task is to find average of that list. Average is the sum of elements divided by the number of elements.

```Input : [4, 5, 1, 2, 9, 7, 10, 8]
Output : Average of the list = 5.75
Explanation:
Sum of the elements is 4+5+1+2+9+7+10+8 = 46
and total number of elements is 8.
So average is 46 / 8 = 5.75

Input : [15, 9, 55, 41, 35, 20, 62, 49]
Output : Average of the list = 35.75
Explanation:
Sum of the elements is 15+9+55+41+35+20+62+49 = 286
and total number of elements is 8.
So average is 46 / 8 = 35.75```
Using sum()

In Python we can find the average of a list by simply using the sum() and len() function.

• sum() : Using sum() function we can get the sum of the list.
• len() : len() function is used to get the length or the number of elements in a list.

## Python3

 `# Python program to get average of a list ` `def` `Average(lst): ` `    ``return` `sum``(lst) ``/` `len``(lst) `   `# Driver Code ` `lst ``=` `[``15``, ``9``, ``55``, ``41``, ``35``, ``20``, ``62``, ``49``] ` `average ``=` `Average(lst) `   `# Printing average of the list ` `print``(``"Average of the list ="``, ``round``(average, ``2``)) `

Output

`Average of the list = 35.75`

Time Complexity: O(n) where n is the length of the list.
Auxiliary Space: O(1) as we only require a single variable to store the average.

Using reduce() and lambda

We can use the reduce() to reduce the loop and by using the lambda function can compute summation of list. We use len() to calculate length as discussed above.

## Python3

 `# Python program to get average of a list ` `# Using reduce() and lambda `   `# importing reduce() ` `from` `functools ``import` `reduce`   `def` `Average(lst): ` `    ``return` `reduce``(``lambda` `a, b: a ``+` `b, lst) ``/` `len``(lst) `   `# Driver Code ` `lst ``=` `[``15``, ``9``, ``55``, ``41``, ``35``, ``20``, ``62``, ``49``] ` `average ``=` `Average(lst) `   `# Printing average of the list ` `print``(``"Average of the list ="``, ``round``(average, ``2``)) `

Output

`Average of the list = 35.75`

Time complexity: O(n), where n is the length of the list lst.
Auxiliary space: O(1). The space used is constant and independent of the size of the input list.

Using mean()

The inbuilt function mean() can be used to calculate the mean( average ) of the list.

## Python3

 `# Python program to get average of a list ` `# Using mean() `   `# importing mean() ` `from` `statistics ``import` `mean `   `def` `Average(lst): ` `    ``return` `mean(lst) `   `# Driver Code ` `lst ``=` `[``15``, ``9``, ``55``, ``41``, ``35``, ``20``, ``62``, ``49``] ` `average ``=` `Average(lst) `   `# Printing average of the list ` `print``(``"Average of the list ="``, ``round``(average, ``2``)) `

Output

`Average of the list = 35.75`

Time complexity: O(n), where n is the length of the list.
Auxiliary space: O(1).

By iterating list

Iterating list using for loop and doing operations on each element of list.

## Python3

 `# Python code to get average of list` `def` `Average(lst):` `    ``sum_of_list ``=` `0` `    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``len``(lst)):` `        ``sum_of_list ``+``=` `lst[i]` `    ``average ``=` `sum_of_list``/``len``(lst)` `    ``return` `average`     `# Driver Code` `lst ``=` `[``15``, ``9``, ``55``, ``41``, ``35``, ``20``, ``62``, ``49``]` `average ``=` `Average(lst)` `print``(``"Average of the list ="``, ``round``(average, ``2``))`

Output

`Average of the list = 35.75`

Time complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary space: O(n), where n is the length of list.

Using numpy.average() function

## Python3

 `#importing numpy module` `import` `numpy` `#function for finding average` `def` `Average(lst):` `  ``#average function` `  ``avg ``=` `numpy.average(lst)` `  ``return``(avg)` `#input list` `lst ``=` `[``15``, ``9``, ``55``, ``41``, ``35``, ``20``, ``62``, ``49``]` `#function call` `print``(``"Average of the list ="``,``round``(Average(lst),``2``))`

Output

`Average of the list = 35.75`

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