Skip to content
Related Articles
Get the best out of our app
Open App

Related Articles

Female Reproductive System – Diagram, Functions, Organs

Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article
Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article

All living life forms have made due and advanced over the course of the hundreds of years by ethical ness of Reproduction. Living Organisms Reproduce and lead to comparable life forms of similar species. Various living beings have various ways and cycles of Reproduction. 

Female Reproductive System

Female Reproductive System


  • The female conceptive framework is made out of a couple of ovaries alongside oviducts, vagina, cervix, uterus, and the outer genitalia that are situated in the pelvic district.
  • The female conceptive framework is outlined to carry out various roles. It makes egg cells that are fundamental for propagation known as ova. 
  • The framework is coordinated to convey the ova to the locale of treatment. The egg treatment happens in the Fallopian tubes alongside the sperm.
  • The embedding in the walls of the uterus and starting the phases of pregnancy is the subsequent stage of prepared eggs.
  • Aside from the previously mentioned capabilities, the female conceptive framework is additionally associated with the creation of female sex chemicals to keep up with the regenerative cycle.

Principal interior organs of female regenerative framework

  • Vagina – The vagina is a solid and versatile cylinder that interfaces the cervix to the outside body. Its capabilities as the repository for the penis in sex and conveys sperm to the fallopian cylinders and uterus. It likewise goes about as a birth trench by extending to permit conveyance of the fetus during labor.
  • Uterus – This is a pack-like solid flexible design into which the two oviducts open. The uterus is the site where the prepared egg is embedded and develops into an embryo. It is made of 3 tissues, the external perimetrium, the center layer of the myometrium, and the inward endometrium. This is additionally answerable for supporting the hatchling during the whole development time frame.
  • Cervix – This works with a section for the passage of the sperm into the uterus.
  • Ovaries – ovaries go about as the super female sex organs that produce the female gamete and different chemicals. These organs are arranged one on both sides of the lower mid-region. Every ovary estimates to be around 2 to 4 cm long which is then associated with the uterus and pelvic wall through tendons. The ovary is encircled by a slim covering of epithelium, encases the ovarian stroma, and is partitioned into two zones – the external cortex and the internal medulla.
  •  Fallopian Tubes These are limited cylinders that are joined to the upper piece of the uterus and act as pathways for the ova (egg cells) to head out from the ovaries to the uterus. Preparation of an egg by a sperm typically happens in the fallopian tubes. The treated egg then, at that point, moves to the uterus, where it inserts into the uterine coating.

 Outer Part of the Female Reproductive System 

  • Labia majora – The labia majora’s enormous lips encase and safeguard the other outer conceptive organs. During adolescence, hair development happens on the skin of the labia majora, which likewise contains sweat and oil-emitting organs.
  • Labia minora-The labia minora little lips can have different sizes and shapes. They lie right inside the labia majora and encompass the openings to the vagina the trench that joins the lower part of the uterus to the beyond the body, and urethra the cylinder that conveys pee from the bladder to the beyond the body. This skin is exceptionally fragile and can turn out to be effectively aggravated and enlarged.
  • Clitoris-The two labia minora meet at the clitoris, a little, delicate distension that is similar to the penis in guys. The clitoris is covered by a crease of skin, called the prepuce, which is like the prepuce toward the finish of the penis. Like the penis, the clitoris is extremely delicate to the excitement and can become erect.

Fertilization and Pregnancy

The course of treatment of a male and female gamete or sperm and egg begins when the sperm enters the female regenerative framework through the vaginal section during intercourse. From the vaginal entry, they climb through the uterus towards the fallopian tubes. The eggs are available in the fallopian tube, meet the sperm, and get treated. The treated egg, which is known as the zygote, begins partitioning more than once and goes down the fallopian cylinder to the uterus. The chunk of cells or undeveloped organisms gets embedded in the endometrial coating of the uterus and keeps on developing into a hatchling. It assists with shipping glucose and oxygen to the undeveloped organism and eliminates the squanders created by the incipient organism. The undeveloped organism helps its sustenance from the mother through an extraordinary tissue called the placenta which goes about as an association between the mother and the creating incipient organism. It requires around nine months for the total advancement of the kid inside the mother’s body. The kid is brought into the world because of the cadenced withdrawals of the uterine muscles.

Menstrual Cycle

All females, in the wake of arriving at their pubescence, produce mature egg cells consistently during an interaction called the feminine cycle. During this period, an ovary releases a matured egg, which goes to the uterus. In the uterus, on the off chance that the egg isn’t prepared, the coating in the uterine sheds away and another cycle starts. In general, a period goes on for 28 days, at times, these cycles may either keep going for 21 days or up to 35 days in certain people. The cycle might be unpredictable now and again, particularly during adolescence. The periods happen consistently from the hour of pubescence up to the age of 45 to 55, besides during pregnancy. The whole course of the period is constrained by the endocrine framework and the chemicals included are FSH, LH, estrogen, and progesterone. Both FSH and LH chemicals are delivered by the pituitary organ, while estrogen and progesterone chemicals are created by the ovaries. Along with the hormonal problems, there are numerous different variables, which are answerable for the aggravation in the period. The mindful elements incorporate eating routine, exercise, stress, and weight gain or misfortune that influence the monthly cycle. After the age of 55 ovaries dials back their creation of chemicals and arrival of mature eggs. Logically, the period stops, in this way, the lady is as of now not ready to become pregnant.

Conceptual Question 

Question 1 . Explain the function of fimbriae? 


Fimbriae of the uterine cylinder are little finger-like projections lying at the terminal of the fallopian tubes. It is through these that the eggs move from the ovaries to the uterus. The fimbriae are connected to the ovary. These fimbriae are the edge of tissue close to the ostium of the uterine cylinder coordinating to the ovary. During the course of ovulation when an egg lets in the peritoneal hole out of the ovary, the fimbriae cilia clear the ova inside the fallopian tube.

Question 2: What is the average time is taken for the menstrual cycle and its phases? 


The typical period requires around 28 days for the feminine cycle and happens in stages. They are,

  • The follicular stage-improvement of the egg.
  • The ovulatory stage-the arrival of the egg .
  • The luteal phase-chemical levels decline in the event that the egg doesn’t embed.

Question 3: What hormones are involved in the menstrual cycle? 


There are five fundamental chemicals that control the feminine cycle. Three are created in the mind, while the other two are made in the ovaries., they are ;

  • Progesterone
  • Estrogen
  • FSH
  • LH
  • Gonadotropin-delivering chemical.

Question 4: What is meant by vulva? 


The outside (outer) designs of the female conceptive framework are gathered in a space called the vulva. They are found right external to the launch of the vagina. This incorporates designs like the labia, the clitoris, and various organs. The bosoms can likewise be viewed as a feature of the female regenerative framework and are situated on the chest.

Question 5: What is the function of the female reproductive system, explain? 


The primary capability of the female regenerative framework is to create eggs (ova) to be prepared and to give the space and conditions to permit a child to create. For this to occur, the feminine regenerative framework likewise has the styles vital to allow spermatozoan from a person to satisfy the ova of a girl.

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Last Updated : 12 Jul, 2022
Like Article
Save Article
Similar Reads
Related Tutorials