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Equality in Indian Democracy

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  • Last Updated : 02 May, 2022
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Democracy is a political framework in which people directly exercise power or elect individuals to represent the people, such as a parliament. It is also known as majority rule, and authority cannot be inherited here. People vote for representatives. Representatives run in elections, and people choose their representative. India became a democratic country after attaining independence in 1947. Indians were given the right to vote and chose their representatives as a result. Everyone in India, regardless of caste, colours, race, religion, or gender, has the right to vote.

Equality in Indian Democracy

Equality is critical because it protects an individual’s “dignity.” Dignity mostly refers to the respect that an individual deserves from others for being a fellow human being. It is a basic and necessary human right. This perfect circumstance, however, does not exist. Even today, there are numerous sorts of inequality in India.

Equality provides equal privileges in favorable situations, freedoms, and position. It entails providing equal privileges and chances to all groups of people. Individuals should be treated the same regardless of their gender, skin colours, or financial status. People in India are good at heart, but when it comes to correspondence, they are not willing to put up with it. As a result, a single problem becomes a collective mob, and people risk their lives for the sake of correspondence.


Apart from poverty, India suffers from a plethora of forms of inequality. The caste system is one of the most prominent types of inequality in India. If a person lives in rural India, they have most likely learnt or been confronted with their caste identity at a young age. If you reside in urban India, you may believe that people no longer believe in caste.

  • Racial Discrimination: Individuals associated with specific races are portrayed in a deceptive manner in the personality of children, and they are also encouraged not to treat them similarly. They were treated as slaves to the utmost, and they worked as slaves on their plantation.
  • Age Inequality: Age disparities or separation are common in many places throughout the world. A specific age group is separated and mistreated, which reflects in their hopeless manner of life. In order to avert a financial catastrophe in the family, girl children under the age of 18 are compelled to marry a man. Despite the fact that there are numerous laws prohibiting child marriage, such as the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses Act, it is nevertheless prevalent in many states across our country.
  • Educational Inequality: Educating a guy is like teaching a family, whereas educating a lady is like teaching a society. When a boy completes his training, he goes to work and makes himself financially happy. The parents are consistently prepared to train their sons and provide the best type of education for their sons. The path is different because of a girl’s education, and they are willing to spend a lot of money on their son’s education.
  • Financial Inequality: Individuals, we see, appraise a person based on their occupation rather than their person, conduct, and idiosyncrasies. A man’s social standing is determined by his job. Prior to that, an individual has a place with lower local area controls to do certain job tasks, and the higher local area is permitted to perform the finest work. A man’s employment helps him comprehend his financial situation and also determines his authority and worth in the eyes of the public.

Equality in India

The Indian Constitution recognizes every individual as equal and recognizes the importance of equality in India. This means that every person in the state, both male and female, is a normal citizen. All castes, faiths, tribes, educational levels, and socioeconomic backgrounds are identified as being comparable. This is not to suggest that inequality is no longer present. It hasn’t happened. However, the necessity of equality in India for all individuals is recognized in democratic India. The following provisions are included in the Constitution’s recognition of equality:

  1. Equality in eyes of law.
  2. No discrimination on basis of religion,ethnicity,caste etc.
  3. All public spaces are open to the public.
  4. Untouchability has been made illegal.

The state has resolved to accomplish the equality provided by the Constitution in two ways: first, through legislation, and second, through public programmes or schemes to assist vulnerable communities. In addition to legislation, the government has put in place a number of programmes to help communities and individuals who have been treated unfairly for generations. These programmes are intended to create more opportunities for persons who have not previously had them.

Equal Right to Vote

In a democratic country like India, all adults, regardless of religion, education, caste, or wealth, have the right to vote. This is known as the universal adult franchise, and it is an essential component of all democracies. The concept of a universal adult franchise is based on the concept of equality.

To eliminate inequality, society should strive for financial, economic, and educational equality. Many legislation in the Indian Constitution, such as the Equal Remuneration Act of 1976, the Special Marriage Act of 1954, and the Dowry Prohibition Act of 1961, are targeted at reducing the ratio of inequality. The following steps must be made to avoid inequality and have a fair society.

  1. Allow women to receive a solid education and be self-sufficient.
  2. Employment should be distributed equally among all races, with preference given to capable individuals.
  3. To save morally upright people, laws should be enacted.

Sample Problems

Question 1: Define democracy.


System of government where citizens elect their citizens is called democracy.

Question 2: List two features of democracy.


  1. The country should be ruled by representatives elected by the people.
  2. People have the right to express their opinions, organize themselves, and protest.

Question 3: What is Universal Adult Franchise?


Under the Universal Adult Franchise, every citizen over the age of 18 has the right to vote.

Question 4: In which year was Universal Adult Franchise introduced in India?


Universal Adult Franchise was implemented in India in 1950, the year the new Constitution went into effect.

Question 5: Why was there a big push towards democracy after 1980?


After 1980, there was a strong push toward democracy because democracy was revived in several Latin American countries, and several countries chose to become democracies after gaining independence.

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