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Difference between Router and Switch

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 04 Aug, 2022
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Both Router and Switch are the connecting devices in networking. A router is employed to settle on the littlest path for a packet to achieve its destination.

Prerequisite - Network Devices 

The main objective of router is to connect various networks simultaneously and it works in the network layer, whereas the main objective of switch is to connect various devices simultaneously and it works in the data link layer. 

Let us see the difference between router and switch:

Router Switch
The main objective of router is to connect various networks simultaneously. While the main objective of switch is to connect various devices simultaneously.
It works in network layer. While it works in data link layer.
Router is used by LAN as well as MAN. While switch is used by only LAN.
Through the router, data is sent in the form of packets. While through switch data is sent in the form of  frame.
There is less collision taking place in the router. While there is no collision taking place in full duplex switch.
Router is compatible with NAT. While it is not compatible with NAT.
The types of routing are: Adaptive and Non-adaptive routing. The types of switching are: Circuit, Packet,and Message Switching.
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