Difference Between Host and Guest Operating System
In this post, we will see the Host Operating System versus Guest Operating System. But, before we get into the differences, it’s important to understand what the host and guest operating systems are.
Host Operating System:
A host operating system is a piece of software that runs on a computer and allows it to communicate with its hardware. It has the ability to run a type 2 hypervisor. Type 2 hypervisors, in other words, run on the host operating system.
Container-based virtualization may also be used by the host OS. The logical partitioning of server programs is aided by the use of containers. As a result, containers can be used without requiring each application to have its own operating system. It enables apps to share the operating system kernel while accessing distinct hardware resources. This form of the shared operating system is also known as a host operating system.
A single physical server can be separated into numerous virtual machines, which are separate pieces of hardware with loads of processing, storage, network capacity, and memory, thanks to virtualization. When it comes to sharing resources between the host and guest operating systems, virtualization is more efficient and less expensive.
Guest Operating System:
Hypervisors of type 2 can produce several Virtual Machines. Each computer has its own operating system, which is referred to as the guest OS. In other words, a guest OS is a piece of software that runs inside a virtual machine. As a result, the guest operating system is run by the virtual machine. In virtualization, the guest operating system differs from the host operating system in numerous respects, and it can be used as a portioned system component or a virtual machine part. It’s primarily used for apps that run on a different operating system.
While the visitor and host operating systems share resources, their operations are completely separate. Although it is possible for these operating systems to run in parallel, the host operating system should be started first. Running applications and programs that are incompatible with the host OS is one of the main benefits of using a guest OS.
The main distinctions between the Host OS and the Guest OS are explained here. The following are some of the major differences between the host and guest operating systems:
- A host operating system is a piece of software that runs on a computer and connects with the hardware. A guest OS, on the other hand, is software that is installed on a virtual computer.
- It’s possible that the host OS is a single one. The guest OS can be single or numerous.
- The host OS runs on the hardware directly. The guest OS runs on a virtual machine.
The following are some examples of head-to-head comparisons between the host OS and the guest OS:
|Features||Guest Operating System||Host Operating System|
|Definition||A guest operating system is a piece of software that runs inside a virtual computer.||A host operating system is a piece of software that runs on a computer and connects with the hardware.|
|Execution||It executes on a virtual machine||It executes directly on the hardware|
|Functionality||The guest operating system interacts with the virtual machine.||The host operating system interacts with the hardware.|
|Quantity||It is possible for the guest OS to be several or single.||It’s possible that the host OS is all-in-one.|
|operating system on computer||It is secondary to the originally installed operating system on a computer,||Host operating systems use container-based virtualization|
|Uses||It is used to run more than one application requiring different operating system on the same hardware.||It helps to partition the application in a server|
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