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Difference Between Groovy and Scala

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  • Last Updated : 28 Feb, 2021

 Groovy :

Groovy is an object-oriented high-level programming language that is Java syntax compatible. It is used as both programming language and scripting language for the Java Platform. In the year 2004, Groovy language was developed by Bob McWhirter and James Strachan. The source code of Groovy is compiled into byte code so it can run in any system having JRE (Java Runtime Environment) installed.

Companies that use Groovy language are Craftbase, Starbucks, AgaroPulse, TransferWise, Trendyol Group, and Rumble, etc.

Advantages of Groovy :

  • Easy file operations
  • Easy to learn
  • Static and dynamic typing

Disadvantages of Groovy :

  • No base code format
  • Non-lazy evaluation
  • Performance is not so great

 Scala :

Scala is a general-purpose, high-level programming language that supports the concepts of both object-oriented programming and functional programming. It is a scalable language that is used to write software for multiple platforms. In the year 2003, Scala language was invented by Mr. Martin Odersky and his research team. Scala source code first goes through Scala compiler which generates byte code and then the byte code is transferred to JVM (Java Virtual Machine) to generate output.

Companies that use Scala language are LinkedIn, Twitter, Coursera, Netflix, Sony, Foursquare and Asana, etc.

Advantages of Scala :

  • Easy to learn and code is concise and error-free.
  • Extensible Programming Language
  • Very good IDE support

Disadvantages of Scala :

  • Limited developer pool
  • A bit harder to understand as it is a combination of both object-oriented and functional programming.

Difference between Groovy and Scala :

 

GROOVY

SCALA

1 Groovy is an object-oriented high-level programming language that is Java syntax compatible. It is used as both a programming language and general-purpose scripting language for the Java Platform.  Scala is a general-purpose, a high-level programming language that supports the concepts of both object-oriented programming and functional programming which is used to write software for multiple platforms.
2 In the year 2004, the Groovy language was developed by Bob McWhirter and James Strachan. In the year 2003, the Scala language was invented by Mr. Martin Odersky and his research team.
3 It is not a pure object-oriented language. It is a pure object-oriented language.
4 It can be used as a scripting language like log configuration. It can be used for building applications in the big data domain.
5 It supports multiple inheritances. It supports multiple inheritances using traits.
6 It is a dynamically-typed language. It is a statically typed language.
7 It is syntactically influenced by Java. It is syntactically influenced by both Ruby and Java.
8 It uses the static concept. It has no concept of “static” fields, inner classes, methods, etc.
9 Public is the by default access modifier. Here also Public is the by default access modifier.
10 Native support is provided for Markup languages like XML & HTML. Whereas in Scala generating HTML docs support is provided by using The top language.
11 It has integrated tools like Java and Grail. It has integrated tools like Java, ScalaNLP, etc.
12 The top 5 IDEs and text editors for Groovy include Groovy/Grails Tool Suite, TextMate, UltraEdit, IntelliJ IDEA, GroovyEclipse. The top 5 IDEs and text editors for Scala include a dispatches the  Scala IDE for Eclipse, ENSIME, IntelliJ IDEA, NetBeans, VIM.
13 Groovy is good for rapid prototyping development delivering higher performance as it has a faster compile cycle. Scala seems slower in compilation but it has a faster execution cycle.
14 It has “accidental” multiple dispatches and the G Pars library offers concurrency and parallelism for the application.  It is single dispatch only and the use of JVM behaves well on single-threaded that performance,
15 Companies that use the Groovy language are Craftbase, Starbucks, AgaroPulse, TransferWise, Trendyol Group, and Rumble, etc. Companies that use Scala language are LinkedIn, Twitter, Coursera, Netflix, Sony, Foursquare and Asana, etc.
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