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Difference Between Darwinism and Lamarckism

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The primary difference between Darwinism and Lamarckism is that all species of organisms begin and develop by natural selection of small and hereditary variation and Lamarckism is suggested on the concept of an internal vital force that is present in all living things. Jean Baptiste de Lamarck and Charles Darwin both scientists described the evolution process via theories. These two hypotheses provide varying suggestions and obvious differences ranging from the mechanism of evolution to the enormous diversity of life on earth. 

Evolutionary Theory 

Evolutionary theory is based on the concept that all species are mutualistic and change only marginally throughout time. The latest evolutionary theories can be divided into Darwinian and non-Darwinian (Lamarckism). This theory is based on natural selection in which it is mentioned that the individuals of a population have naturally various traits; those individuals having compatible traits are best compatible for their environment and will be eligible to survive and reproduce, passing those traits on to their future generations. Scientists Jean Baptiste de Lamarck and Charles Darwin both speculated about the evolutionary process through their theories. These two theories provide convertible suggestions and obvious differences ranging from the process of evolution that led to the enormous variety of life on earth.

What is Darwinism?

Darwinism is also referred to as Darwinian Theory or Theory of Natural Selection, Darwinism is a biological evolution theory that was developed by English naturalist Charles Darwin (1809-1882), This theory explained a philosophy in which all species of organisms synthesize and develop through natural selection of small and hereditary variations that Increase the ability of an individual to compete, survive and reproduce. It is, more exactly, a unique form of evolutionary opinion for the origin and nature of earthly life. The primary structure begins with overproduction, struggle for existence, variations, survival of the fittest, and origin of species in this theory. These can be further described as follows. 

  • Species are created by individuals who vary from one another with respect to their many traits. 
  • Species have the ability to multiply their numbers from generation to generation at an exponential rate.
  • These individuals will usually survive comparison than others, producing more offspring.
  • Offspring will inherit several variations from their parents.
  • As a result, favorable variations will be passed more frequently than others and thereby will get conserved over time, and this frequent ability is referred to as ‘Natural.

Also Read: Darwin Posulates

What is Lamarckism?

The first theory of Evolution was proposed by a French biologist Jean Baptiste de Lamarck between the years of 1744-1829. Lamarckism is defined as a combination of theories involving the inheritance of acquired traits and the use and disuse of organs. In simple words, we understand the concept that all species have inner life force with special consideration of fundamental requirements and desire to generate a new structure for changes in the behavior of the whole organism. Major concepts are described by this theory which is mentioned below.

  • Intrinsic Vital Force: All living things and their constituent parts are constantly developing in number and size as a result of an already existing intrinsic vital force.
  • Effect of Environment and New Needs: The environment acts as a significant impact on all types of organisms, and a small change in the environment tends to make considerable changes in organisms. It also provides rise to new requirements which may be made up of new structures and change habits of the organism over a period of time.
  • Use and disuse of organs: If a component is used in a continuous manner it tends to build up slowly over time where the disuse of an organ will result in its decomposition.

Similarities generation Between Darwinism and Lamarckism

  • Both theories, more importantly, emphasize that descendants can be very various from ancestors. Lamarck naturally proposed a single evolutionary ladder, with all species at higher or lower rungs.
  • Darwin and Lamarck each had a hypothesis regarding the mechanism back to evolution.
  • Both theories accept evolution and universal common descent.

Difference Between Lamarckism and Darwinism




Vital Force Darwinism theory defames the intrinsic vital force theory Lamarckism theory builds firmly on the perception of an intrinsic vital force in organisms.
Variation evolution or extinction of an organ due to constant variations From an evolutionary perspective, organs develop if they are used continuously. May  if not used it could disappear
Theory This theory emphasizes the struggle for the existence Lamarckism de-frame the struggle for existence
Function Only beneficial modifications are transmitted to the next generation. All acquired features are transmitted to the next generation
fittest This doctrine was built on the principle of being alive of the fittest Lamarckism theory was not built on the notion of survival of the fittest
Other Name This is referred to as the theory of inheritance.  This is referred to as the theory of natural selection.

FAQs on Lamarckism and Darwinism

Question 1: Which theories of evolution was proposed by Charles Darwin?


British naturalist Charles Darwin proposed the theory of biological evolution by natural selection.”Survival of the fittest” is a phrase that presents in Darwinian evolutionary theory as a way of defining the mechanism of natural selection.

Question 2: Which theories of evolution was proposed by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck?


Jean-Baptiste Lamarck was given the theory of acquired inheritance. Lamarck’s theory of evolution is also referred to as the theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics. 

Question 3: By whom was the principle of use and disuse given?


The theory of use and disuse was given by Lamarck. He proposed that changes in features or characters occur in organisms depending on whether an organ is used or disused continuously.

 Question 4: The evolution of a species is based upon the sum total of adaptive changes preserved by?


The evolution of a species is based upon the sum total of adaptive changes preserved by Isolation.

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Last Updated : 06 Mar, 2023
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