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Difference between Cyber Security and Information Security

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  • Last Updated : 07 Jul, 2022
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The terms Cyber Security and Information Security are often used interchangeably. As they both are responsible for the security and protecting the computer system from threats and information breaches and often Cybersecurity and information security are so closely linked that they may seem synonymous and unfortunately, they are used synonymously. If we talk about data security it’s all about securing the data from malicious users and threats. Now another question is what is the difference between Data and Information? So one important point is that “not every data can be information” data can be informed if it is interpreted in a context and given meaning. for example “100798” is data and if we know that it’s the date of birth of a person then it is information because it has some meaning. so information means data that has some meaning.

Examples and Inclusion of Cyber Security are as follows:

  • Network Security
  • Application Security
  • Cloud Security
  • Critical Infrastructure

Examples and inclusion of Information Security are as follows:

  • Procedural Controls
  • Access Controls
  • Technical Controls
  • Compliance Controls
Basic Definition It is the practice of protecting the data from outside the resource on the internet. It is all about protecting information from unauthorized users, access, and data modification or removal in order to provide confidentiality, integrity, and availability.
Protect It is about the ability to protect the use of cyberspace from cyber attacks. It deals with the protection of data from any form of threat.
Scope Cybersecurity to protect anything in the cyber realm. Information security is for information irrespective of the realm.
Threat Cybersecurity deals with the danger in cyberspace. Information security deals with the protection of data from any form of threat.
Attacks Cybersecurity strikes against Cyber crimes, cyber frauds, and law enforcement. Information security strikes against unauthorized access, disclosure modification, and disruption.
Professionals Cyber security professionals deal with the prevention of active threats or Advanced Persistent threats (APT). Information security professionals are the foundation of data security and security professionals associated with it are responsible for policies, processes, and organizational roles and responsibilities that assure confidentiality, integrity, and availability.
Deals with It deals with threats that may or may not exist in the cyber realm such as protecting your social media account, personal information, etc. It deals with information Assets and integrity, confidentiality, and availability.
Defense Acts as first line of defense. Comes into play when security is breached.

Diagrams are given below to represent the difference between Information Security and Cybersecurity


In the above diagram, ICT refers to Information and communications technology (ICT) which is an extensional term for information technology (IT) that defines the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (basically digital communication security).

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