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Difference Between Cyber-Physical System(CPS) and Internet of Things(IoT)

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 A Cyber-Physical System (CPS) is a type of system that integrates physical and computational components to monitor and control the physical processes in a seamless manner. 

In other words, A cyber-physical system consists of a collection of computing devices communicating with one another and interacting with the physical world via sensors and actuators in a feedback loop. 

These systems combine the sensing, actuation, computation, and communication capabilities, and leverage these to improve the overall performance, safety, and reliability of the physical systems.

Examples: CPS includes self-driving cars, The STARMAC is a small quadrotor aircraft.



Key Features of Cyber-Physical System

In terms of the cyber-physical system, there are some key features are classified as 

  • Reactive Computation
  • Concurrency 
  • Feedback Control of the Physical World
  • Real-Time Computation
  • Safety-Critical Application

The Internet of things is also called in the short form of (IoT). basically, IoT describes the network of physical objects with embedded system sensors, software, and other technologies. It is provided as a unique identifier (UID) and allows data to be transmitted over the network without human interaction objects to collect and exchange data. 

Example: Object detection software device, electronic vehicle system.



Key Features of the Internet of things

  • Automation
  • Endpoint management
  • Connectivity
  • Scaling & Sensing
  • Connectivity & Analyzing etc.

Difference between CPS and IoT 

Cyber-Physical System(CPS)

Internet of things (IoT)

The CPS system is to monitor and controls physical processes in a seamless manner. IoT is create a network of interconnected devices to collect and exchange data.
It is an integration of physics with cyber Components networked which is interconnected. It contains all physical devices primarily created terms that are connected to the controls Sensors internet.
CPS systems are more complex compared then IoT devices. IoT systems are relatively simple.
CPS devices are designed to interact with physical processes and control them. IoT devices are primarily created compared to interact with data-centric.
CPS is using Sensors and Actuators to work in the feedback loop. IoT is pure automation it does not need any external things.
It needs human intervention and human-to-computer intervention. it doesn’t need any human assistance.
Cyber + Physics(Physical devices(world) = CPS (Cyber Physical System) Internet (connectivity)  + Things (IoT devices) = IoT (internet of things)
Examples are smart homes, industrial control systems, and wearable devices. Examples are Electronic vehicles and home appliances.
CPS (Cyber-Physical Systems) IoT (Internet of Things)
CPS is a system that integrates physical components and computer systems, creating a network of interconnected devices. IoT is a network of physical devices that are connected to the internet and can communicate with each other without human intervention.
CPS systems typically involve a combination of sensors, actuators, and computer systems that work together to perform a specific task. IoT devices are typically standalone devices that can communicate with other devices or systems over the internet.
CPS is used in applications such as manufacturing, transportation, healthcare, and smart cities to automate processes and improve efficiency. IoT is used in applications such as home automation, wearable technology, and smart agriculture to provide users with real-time information and control over their environment.
CPS systems require real-time data processing and analysis to ensure that physical systems are working correctly and efficiently. IoT devices generate vast amounts of data that can be analyzed to gain insights into user behavior, product performance, and other factors.
CPS systems are designed to interact with the physical world, such as controlling machines or monitoring environmental conditions. IoT devices are designed to collect data and communicate it over the internet, typically using wireless connectivity.
CPS systems require high levels of reliability and safety, as errors or malfunctions can have severe consequences. IoT devices may not have the same safety requirements, but reliability is still essential to ensure that they function correctly and provide accurate data.
Examples of CPS systems include self-driving cars, industrial automation systems, and medical devices. Examples of IoT devices include smart thermostats, fitness trackers, and home security systems.
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Last Updated : 08 Apr, 2023
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