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Difference between 4G and 5G

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  • Last Updated : 04 Jul, 2022
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4G Mobile Phones: 4G is a mobile phone network technology, and like its predecessor 3G, it can be used for downloading data and accessing internet, but the difference is that it’s a lot faster than 3G. It provides broadband cellular network services. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU-R) set the standards for 4G and are denoted as the International Mobile Telecommunications Advanced (IMT-Advanced). It is expected to provide services with bandwidth higher than 100 Mbps. With this bandwidth, high quality of multimedia content can stream.

It’s development started in 2000 and completed in 2010 with LTE and WiMax technology. Access System for the same is CDMA ( Code Division Multiple Access) with bandwidth of 2000 Mbps to 1 Gbps.

It’s purpose is to provide high quality , high speed and high capacity to users with improving security. It also lowers the cost of voice and data services, multimedia and the internet over IP. It can also communicate through 2G and 3G network.

5G Mobile Phones: 5G is the fifth generation of wireless network technology. It is built on what’s called millimeter waves, a section of very high frequency spectrum upwards of 20 GHz all the way up to 96 GHz. 5th Generation of phones are currently under development and latest iteration of cellular technology. It is to promised to offer much faster speed than 4G networks, more reliability with much lower response times.

It used OFDM (orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing) and millimeter wireless that enables data rate of 20Mbps and frequency band of 2-8 GHz. It is going to be a packed based network.

It can reach upto 1000 Mbps or even upto 2.1 Gbps. It can be used for streaming high-quality videos, more accurate location tracking, low-latency communication and better ability for real-time analytics. It also offers management features.

 Difference between 4G and 5G are as follows:

4G Technology 5G Technology
It stands for Fourth Generation technology It stands for Fifth Generation technology
The maximum upload rate of 4G technology is 500 Mbps While the maximum upload rate of 5G technology is 1.25 Gbps
The maximum download rate of 4G technology is 1 Gbps While the maximum download rate of 5G technology is 2.5 Gbps.
The latency of 4G technology is about 50 ms While the latency of 5G technology is about 1 ms
4G offers CDMA While 5G offers OFDM, BDMA
4G can’t differentiate between fixed and mobile devices While 5G has the capability to differentiate between fixed and mobile devices. It uses cognitive radio techniques to identify each device and offer the most appropriate delivery channel.
4G has the advantages of high speed handoffs, global mobility While 5G has the advantages of extremely high speeds, low latency
4G can be used for high speed applications, mobile TV, wearable devices While 5G can be used for high resolution video streaming, remote control of vehicles, robots and medical procedures
It is slow and less efficient in comparison of 5G It is fast and more efficient than 4G
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