Deadlock Detection And Recovery
In the previous post, we have discussed Deadlock Prevention and Avoidance. In this post, the Deadlock Detection and Recovery technique to handle deadlock is discussed.
Deadlock Detection :
1. If resources have a single instance –
In this case for Deadlock detection, we can run an algorithm to check for the cycle in the Resource Allocation Graph. The presence of a cycle in the graph is a sufficient condition for deadlock.
In the above diagram, resource 1 and resource 2 have single instances. There is a cycle R1 → P1 → R2 → P2. So, Deadlock is Confirmed.
2. If there are multiple instances of resources –
Detection of the cycle is necessary but not sufficient condition for deadlock detection, in this case, the system may or may not be in deadlock varies according to different situations.
Deadlock Recovery :
A traditional operating system such as Windows doesn’t deal with deadlock recovery as it is a time and space-consuming process. Real-time operating systems use Deadlock recovery.
- Killing the process –
Killing all the processes involved in the deadlock. Killing process one by one. After killing each process check for deadlock again keep repeating the process till the system recovers from deadlock. Killing all the processes one by one helps a system to break circular wait condition.
- Resource Preemption –
Resources are preempted from the processes involved in the deadlock, preempted resources are allocated to other processes so that there is a possibility of recovering the system from deadlock. In this case, the system goes into starvation.