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C++ Program to Interchange elements of first and last rows in matrix

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  • Last Updated : 07 Jun, 2022
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Given a 4 x 4 matrix, we have to interchange the elements of first and last row and show the resulting matrix.
Examples :

Input: 3 4 5 0
       2 6 1 2
       2 7 1 2
       2 1 1 2
Output: 2 1 1 2
        2 6 1 2
        2 7 1 2
        3 4 5 0

Input: 9 7 5 1
       2 3 4 1
       5 6 6 5
       1 2 3 1
Output: 1 2 3 1
        2 3 4 1
        5 6 6 5
        9 7 5 1

The approach is very simple, we can simply swap the elements of first and last row of the matrix inorder to get the desired matrix as output.
Below is the implementation of the approach:

C++




// C++ code to swap the element of first
// and last row and display the result
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
  
#define n 4
  
void interchangeFirstLast(int m[][n])
{
        int rows = n;
          
        // Swapping of element between first
        // and last rows
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
            int t = m[0][i];
            m[0][i] = m[rows - 1][i];
            m[rows - 1][i] = t;
        }
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
    // input in the array
    int m[n][n] = {{8, 9, 7, 6},
                   {4, 7, 6, 5},
                   {3, 2, 1, 8},
                   {9, 9, 7, 7}}; 
                  
    interchangeFirstLast(m); 
      
    // Printing the interchanged matrix
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        for (int j = 0; j < n; j++) 
            cout << m[i][j] << " ";
        cout << endl;
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed by Anant Agarwal.


Output :

9 9 7 7 
4 7 6 5 
3 2 1 8 
8 9 7 6 

Time Complexity: O(N), as we are using a loop to traverse N times.

Auxiliary Space: O(1), as we are not using any extra space.

Please refer complete article on Interchange elements of first and last rows in matrix for more details!


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