Skip to content
Related Articles
Open in App
Not now

Related Articles

Counters in Python | Set 1 (Initialization and Updation)

Improve Article
Save Article
  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 15 Jul, 2022
Improve Article
Save Article

Counter is a container included in the collections module. Now you all must be wondering what is a container. Don’t worry first let’s discuss about the container. 

What is Container?

Containers are objects that hold objects. They provide a way to access the contained objects and iterate over them. Examples of built in containers are Tuple, list, and dictionary. Others are included in Collections module.
A Counter is a subclass of dict. Therefore it is an unordered collection where elements and their respective count are stored as a dictionary. This is equivalent to a bag or multiset of other languages.
Syntax : 

class collections.Counter([iterable-or-mapping])

Initialization : 
The constructor of counter can be called in any one of the following ways : 

  • With sequence of items


  • With dictionary containing keys and counts


  • With keyword arguments mapping string names to counts

Example of each type of initialization : 


# A Python program to show different ways to create
# Counter
from collections import Counter
# With sequence of items 
# with dictionary
print(Counter({'A':3, 'B':5, 'C':2}))
# with keyword arguments
print(Counter(A=3, B=5, C=2))

Output of all the three lines is same : 

Counter({'B': 5, 'A': 3, 'C': 2})
Counter({'B': 5, 'A': 3, 'C': 2})
Counter({'B': 5, 'A': 3, 'C': 2})

Updation : 
We can also create an empty counter in the following manner : 

coun = collections.Counter()

And can be updated via update() method .Syntax for the same : 




# A Python program to demonstrate update()
from collections import Counter
coun = Counter()
coun.update([1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 1, 1, 2])
coun.update([1, 2, 4])

Output : 

Counter({1: 4, 2: 3, 3: 1})
Counter({1: 5, 2: 4, 3: 1, 4: 1})


  • Data can be provided in any of the three ways as mentioned in initialization and the counter’s data will be increased not replaced.
  • Counts can be zero and negative also. 


# Python program to demonstrate that counts in 
# Counter can be 0 and negative
from collections import Counter
c1 = Counter(A=4,  B=3, C=10)
c2 = Counter(A=10, B=3, C=4)

  • Output : 
 Counter({'c': 6, 'B': 0, 'A': -6})
  • We can use Counter to count distinct elements of a list or other collections. 


# An example program where different list items are
# counted using counter
from collections import Counter
# Create a list
z = ['blue', 'red', 'blue', 'yellow', 'blue', 'red']
# Count distinct elements and print Counter aobject

  • Output: 
Counter({'blue': 3, 'red': 2, 'yellow': 1})


This article is contributed by Mayank Rawat .If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using or mail your article to See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Related Articles

Start Your Coding Journey Now!