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Count Knights that can attack a given pawn in an N * N board

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 03 May, 2021

Given a 2D array knights[][] of size N * 2, with each row of the form { X, Y } representing the coordinates of knights, and an array pawn[] representing the coordinates of a pawn in an N * N board, the task is to find the count of knights present in the board that is attacking the pawn.

Examples:

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Input: knights[][] = { { 0, 4 }, { 4, 5 }, { 1, 4 }, { 3, 1 } }, pawn[] = { 2, 3 } 
Output:
Explanation: 
The knights present at coordinate { { 0, 4 }, { 3, 1 } } are attacking the pawn. 
Therefore, the required output is 2.



Input: knights[][] = { { 4, 6 }, { 7, 5 }, { 5, 5 } }, pawn[] = { 6, 7 } 
Output:
Explanation: 
The knights present at coordinate { { 4, 6 }, { 7, 5 }, { 5, 5 } } are attacking the pawn. 
Therefore, the required output is 3.

Approach: Follow the steps given below to solve the problem

  • Initialize a variable, say cntKnights, to store the count of knights that are attacking the pawn.
  • Traverse the knights[][] array using variable i and for every array element knights[i], check if the array { (knights[i][0] – pawn[0]), (knights[i][1] – pawn[1]) } is equal to either { 1, 2 } or { 2, 1 } or not. If found to be true, then increment the value of cntKnights by 1.
  • Finally, print the value of cntKnights.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program to implement
// the above approach
 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to count the knights that are
// attacking the pawn in an M * M board
int cntKnightsAttackPawn(int knights[][2],
                         int pawn[], int M)
{
    // Stores count of knights that
    // are attacking the pawn
    int cntKnights = 0;
 
    // Traverse the knights[][] array
    for (int i = 0; i < M; i++) {
 
        // Stores absolute difference of X
        // co-ordinate of i-th knight and pawn
        int X = abs(knights[i][0]
                    - pawn[0]);
 
        // Stores absolute difference of Y
        // co-ordinate of i-th knight and pawn
        int Y = abs(knights[i][1]
                    - pawn[1]);
 
        // If X is 1 and Y is 2 or
        // X is 2 and Y is 1
        if ((X == 1 && Y == 2)
            || (X == 2 && Y == 1)) {
 
            // Update cntKnights
            cntKnights++;
        }
    }
 
    return cntKnights;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
 
    int knights[][2] = { { 0, 4 }, { 4, 5 },
                         { 1, 4 }, { 3, 1 } };
 
    int pawn[] = { 2, 3 };
 
    // Stores total count of knights
    int M = sizeof(knights)
            / sizeof(knights[0]);
 
    cout << cntKnightsAttackPawn(
        knights, pawn, M);
 
    return 0;
}


Java




// Java program to implement
// the above approach
import java.io.*;
import java.lang.Math;
 
class GFG{
 
// Function to count the knights that are
// attacking the pawn in an M * M board
static int cntKnightsAttackPawn(int knights[][],
                                int pawn[], int M)
{
     
    // Stores count of knights that
    // are attacking the pawn
    int cntKnights = 0;
     
     // Traverse the knights[][] array
    for(int i = 0; i < M; i++)
    {
         
        // Stores absolute difference of X
        // co-ordinate of i-th knight and pawn
        int X = Math.abs(knights[i][0] - pawn[0]);
     
        // Stores absolute difference of Y
        // co-ordinate of i-th knight and pawn
        int Y = Math.abs(knights[i][1] - pawn[1]);
     
        // If X is 1 and Y is 2 or
        // X is 2 and Y is 1
        if ((X == 1 && Y == 2) ||
            (X == 2 && Y == 1))
        {
             
            // Update cntKnights
            cntKnights++;
        }
    }
    return cntKnights;
}
 
// Driver code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    int[][] knights = { { 0, 4 }, { 4, 5 },
                        { 1, 4 }, { 3, 1 } };
     
    int[] pawn = new int[]{2, 3};
   
    // Stores total count of knights
    int M = knights.length;
     
    System.out.println(cntKnightsAttackPawn(
        knights, pawn, M));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by vandanakillari54935


Python3




# Python program to implement
# the above approach
 
# Function to count the knights that are
# attacking the pawn in an M * M board
def cntKnightsAttackPawn(knights, pawn, M):
   
    # Stores count of knights that
    # are attacking the pawn
    cntKnights = 0;
 
    # Traverse the knights array
    for i in range(M):
 
        # Stores absolute difference of X
        # co-ordinate of i-th knight and pawn
        X = abs(knights[i][0] - pawn[0]);
 
        # Stores absolute difference of Y
        # co-ordinate of i-th knight and pawn
        Y = abs(knights[i][1] - pawn[1]);
 
        # If X is 1 and Y is 2 or
        # X is 2 and Y is 1
        if ((X == 1 and Y == 2) or (X == 2 and Y == 1)):
           
            # Update cntKnights
            cntKnights += 1;
 
    return cntKnights;
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == '__main__':
    knights = [[0, 4], [4, 5], [1, 4], [3, 1]];
 
    pawn = [2, 3];
 
    # Stores total count of knights
    M = len(knights);
 
    print(cntKnightsAttackPawn(knights, pawn, M));
 
# This code is contributed by Amit Katiyar


C#




// C# program to implement
// the above approach
using System;
class GFG
{
 
  // Function to count the knights that are
  // attacking the pawn in an M * M board
  static int cntKnightsAttackPawn(int[,] knights, int[] pawn, int M)
  {
    // Stores count of knights that
    // are attacking the pawn
    int cntKnights = 0;
 
    // Traverse the knights[][] array
    for (int i = 0; i < M; i++) {
 
      // Stores absolute difference of X
      // co-ordinate of i-th knight and pawn
      int X = Math.Abs(knights[i, 0] - pawn[0]);
 
      // Stores absolute difference of Y
      // co-ordinate of i-th knight and pawn
      int Y = Math.Abs(knights[i, 1] - pawn[1]);
 
      // If X is 1 and Y is 2 or
      // X is 2 and Y is 1
      if ((X == 1 && Y == 2)
          || (X == 2 && Y == 1)) {
 
        // Update cntKnights
        cntKnights++;
      }
    }
 
    return cntKnights;
  }
 
  // Driver code
  static void Main()
  {
    int[,] knights = {{ 0, 4 }, { 4, 5 }, { 1, 4 }, { 3, 1 }};
 
    int[] pawn = {2, 3};
 
    // Stores total count of knights
    int M = knights.GetLength(0);
 
    Console.WriteLine(cntKnightsAttackPawn(knights, pawn, M));
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by divyeshrabadiya07


Javascript




<script>
 
// javascript program for the above approach
 
// Function to count the knights that are
// attacking the pawn in an M * M board
function cntKnightsAttackPawn(knights,
                                pawn, M)
{
     
    // Stores count of knights that
    // are attacking the pawn
    let cntKnights = 0;
     
     // Traverse the knights[][] array
    for(let i = 0; i < M; i++)
    {
         
        // Stores absolute difference of X
        // co-ordinate of i-th knight and pawn
        let X = Math.abs(knights[i][0] - pawn[0]);
     
        // Stores absolute difference of Y
        // co-ordinate of i-th knight and pawn
        let Y = Math.abs(knights[i][1] - pawn[1]);
     
        // If X is 1 and Y is 2 or
        // X is 2 and Y is 1
        if ((X == 1 && Y == 2) ||
            (X == 2 && Y == 1))
        {
             
            // Update cntKnights
            cntKnights++;
        }
    }
    return cntKnights;
}
 
// Driver Code
     
        let knights = [[ 0, 4 ], [ 4, 5 ],
                        [ 1, 4 ], [ 3, 1 ]];
     
    let pawn = [2, 3];
   
    // Stores total count of knights
    let M = knights.length;
     
    document.write(cntKnightsAttackPawn(
        knights, pawn, M));
 
</script>


Output

2

Time Complexity: O(M), where M is the total count number of knights 
Auxiliary Space: O(1)




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