Construct String with given frequency and minimum continuous occurrence of a letter
Construct a string that contains a times letter ‘A’ and b times letter ‘B’ (a > b) such that the maximum continuous occurrence of a letter is as small as possible.
Input: a = 4, b = 3
Explanation: The other possible ways could be “AAAABBB” or “AABBAAB” etc.
But “ABABABA” is the most optimum solution with minimum consecutive occurrence.
Input: a = 5, b = 1
Approach: The approach of the problem is based on the below observation:
Since a > b, it can be easily observed that ‘B’ is dividing the whole string in (b+1) parts.
According to the pigeonhole principle, at least one region must have at least p = ⌈a/(b+1)⌉ A’s. First, place p number of ‘A’ in every (b+1) region. Now remaining ‘A’s can be equally distributed in the regions.
Follow the below steps to solve the problem:
- The region is divided into (b+1) parts. So run a loop from 0 to (b+1) and start inserting for each part.
- First, calculate what should be the current value of insertion of ‘A’ (Using the Pigeonhole principle p = ceil(a/(b+1)) ) for each left region.
- Insert p times ‘A’ in the string and decrement the value of a.
- Now one region is completed, so insert a ‘B’ and decrement the value of b.
- Keep doing this till constraints of a and b allow you to do so.
- Return the final string as the answer.
Below is the implementation of the above approach.
Time Complexity: O(a+b)
Auxiliary Space: O(a+b) because extra space is used for string s