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Communication Infrastructure of India

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India is well-connected to the rest of the globe today. The country’s socio-economic prosperity has been aided by railways, airways, rivers, newspapers, radio, television, cinema, and the internet, among other things. These are all some forms of communication. The economy has been strengthened by trades at all levels, from local to global. It has improved our lives and contributed significantly to the expanding conveniences and facilities for our comfort.

Since the dawn of time, humans have used a variety of communication methods. The rate of change in modern times, on the other hand, has been phenomenal. Long-distance communication is much easier when neither the communicator nor the receiver moves. Personal communication and mass communication, such as television, radio, newspapers, and cinema, are the primary modes of communication in the country. The Indian postal system is the world’s largest. India boasts one of Asia’s largest telecommunications networks. More than two-thirds of India’s villages, excluding urban regions, currently have STD telephone services. Combining developments in space technology with advancements in communication technology made it possible.

Communication Infrastructure in India

With 1.16 billion users, India is the world’s second-largest telecoms market. India’s rapid rise in the telecom sector has been assisted by the government’s liberal and reformist policies, as well as strong consumer demand. India’s digital economy generates roughly $200 billion annually through IT and business process management (IT-BPM), IT-enabled services (ITeS), E-Commerce, electronics manufacturing, digital payments, and digital communication services. India aims to develop a $5 trillion GDP and a $1 trillion digital economy by 2025.

India’s main economic driver is currently the information and communication technology sector, which accounts for over 13% of the country’s GDP. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) regulations have been liberalized, making the industry one of the country’s fastest-growing and top five employment creators.

Personal Communication System

The internet is the most modern and cost-effective personal communication system currently accessible. It enables the user to communicate directly with other users via e-mail in order to have access to a world of knowledge and information. The internet serves as a vast data warehouse, containing detailed information on a variety of issues. The network provides efficient and low-cost access to information via the internet and e-mail.

Mass Communication System

People are entertained and informed about numerous governmental programmes and policies as a result of mass communication. It includes radio, television, newspapers, periodicals, books, and films. For a vast variety of people in various parts of the country, All India Radio transmits a wide range of programmes in national, regional, and local languages. India’s national television network, Doordarshan, is one of the largest terrestrial networks in the world.

In 1923, the Radio Club of Bombay became the first radio station in India. Since then, it has grown in prominence and revolutionized people’s socio-cultural lives. It quickly found a home in every household across the country. Special news bulletins are also broadcast on special occasions such as parliament sessions and state legislatures.


Television has risen to prominence as the most effective audio-visual medium for disseminating information and imparting knowledge to the general audience. When television services first began in 1959, they were exclusively available in the National Capital. After 1972, a number of other centers opened their doors.


Every year, India generates a vast number of newspapers and publications. They are separated into different categories based on how frequently they occur. Newspapers are published in over 100 different languages and dialects. India is the world’s leading feature film producer. Short films, feature films, and video short films are all produced by the firm. The Central Board of Film Certification certifies both domestic and international films.

Satellite Communication

Satellites serve as both a mode of communication and a technique of controlling the use of other kinds of communication. Satellite communication has become incredibly vital for the government for commercial and strategic reasons due to the use of satellites to gain a continuous and synoptic picture over a larger area. Weather forecasting, natural disaster monitoring, border surveillance, and other applications can all benefit from satellite imaging.

Sample Problems

Question 1: The huge prevalence of mass communication is possible because of it’s means. What are they?


The primary means of mass communication are radio, television, newspapers, magazines, books, and cinema.

Question 2: Explain the importance of radio and television as effective public communication mediums in India.


The importance are:

  1. People are entertained by radio and television.
  2. These raise public knowledge of various national programmes and policies through debates on television and radio.
  3. For all types of individuals, programmes are transmitted in a variety of languages.
  4. Doordarshan, India’s national television channel and one of the world’s largest terrestrial networks, transmits a variety of programmes for various age groups.

Question 3: What is the use of pipelines transport?


Pipelines transport crude oil, petroleum products, and natural gas from wells to refineries, fertilizer, factories, and major thermal power plants.

Question 4: Which port was constructed first after independence, and why?


Kandla in Kachchh was the first port built after independence to alleviate the volume of traffic on Mumbai’s port in the aftermath of Pakistan’s loss of Karachi port following Partition.

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Last Updated : 27 Apr, 2022
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