The Coming Up of the Factory
The earliest factories in England came up by the year of 1730s, but only in the late 18th century, the number of factories came to be multiplied in England. By the year the 1970s, Britain was importing 2.5 million pounds of raw materials and by 1787, the import increased much more to 22 million pounds.
The Coming up of Factory
The first symbol of the new era was that of cotton and its production came to increase substantially in the late 19th century. Britain was importing 2.5 million pounds of raw cotton in the 1760s and in 1787 the imports doubled to 22 million pounds. The increase was linked to a diaspora of changes in the process of production.
Inventions in the 18th Century
There were a number of changes in the 18th century that led to an increase in the efficiency of production in each step like changes in carding, twisting, and spinning as well rolling. The output per worker has increased hugely, which enabled each worker for more production processes and made possible the production of stronger threads and also yarns.
The cotton mill was created by Richard Arkwright. Till this time, the production of cotton was spread evenly throughout the countryside and carried in the village households. But now, with the purchase of new and costly machines, were set up as well as maintained in the mills.
Working in the Cotton Mills
All the processes of production were brought under one roof as well as management. This allowed for more close and careful supervision of the production process, careful monitoring of the quality, and regulation of the labor force. These steps and control of production were difficult under the working conditions in the countryside.
In the early 19th century, factories increasingly became an important part of the England landscape. So powerful was the grip and power of the new factories and technologies, that the bylanes and workshops were almost forgotten, where production still continued.
FAQs on Coming Up of the Factory
Question 1: How did the factories come up in India?
The first cotton mill in Bombay came up in 1854 and came into production 2 years later.
Question 2: Who came up with the idea of a factory?
Richard Arkwright was the person for introducing the prototype of the modern factory.
Question 3: What is the coming up of the factory?
The earliest factory came up in England in the 1730s. But it was only in late 18th century that the number of factories multiplied.
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