# Check if a large number is divisible by 11 or not

• Difficulty Level : Easy
• Last Updated : 10 Aug, 2022

Given a number, the task is to check if the number is divisible by 11 or not. The input number may be large and it may not be possible to store it even if we use long long int.
Examples:

```Input : n = 76945
Output : Yes

Input  : n = 1234567589333892
Output : Yes

Input  : n = 363588395960667043875487
Output : No```

Recommended Practice

Since input number may be very large, we cannot use n % 11 to check if a number is divisible by 11 or not, especially in languages like C/C++. The idea is based on following fact.
A number is divisible by 11 if difference of following two is divisible by 11.

1. Sum of digits at odd places.
2. Sum of digits at even places.

Illustration:

```For example, let us consider 76945
Sum of digits at odd places  : 7 + 9 + 5
Sum of digits at even places : 6 + 4
Difference of two sums = 21 - 10 = 11
Since difference is divisible by 11, the
number 7945 is divisible by 11.```

How does this work?

```Let us consider 7694, we can write it as
7694 = 7*1000 + 6*100 + 9*10 + 4

The proof is based on below observation:
Remainder of 10i divided by 11 is 1 if i is even
Remainder of 10i divided by 11 is -1 if i is odd

So the powers of 10 only result in values either 1
or -1.

Remainder of "7*1000 + 6*100 + 9*10 + 4"
divided by 11 can be written as :
7*(-1) + 6*1 + 9*(-1) + 4*1

The above expression is basically difference
between sum of even digits and odd digits.```

Below is implementation of above fact :

## C++

 `// C++ program to find if a number is divisible by` `// 11 or not` `#include` `using` `namespace` `std;`   `// Function to find that number divisible by 11 or not` `int` `check(string str)` `{` `    ``int` `n = str.length();`   `    ``// Compute sum of even and odd digit` `    ``// sums` `    ``int` `oddDigSum = 0, evenDigSum = 0;` `    ``for` `(``int` `i=0; i

## Java

 `// Java program to find if a number is` `// divisible by 11 or not` `class` `IsDivisible` `{` `    ``// Function to find that number divisible by 11 or not` `    ``static` `boolean` `check(String str)` `    ``{` `        ``int` `n = str.length();` `     `  `        ``// Compute sum of even and odd digit` `        ``// sums` `        ``int` `oddDigSum = ``0``, evenDigSum = ``0``;` `        ``for` `(``int` `i=``0``; i

## Python3

 `# Python 3 code program to find if a number ` `# is divisible by 11 or not`     `# Function to find that number divisible by` `#  11 or not` `def` `check(st) :` `    ``n ``=` `len``(st) `   `    ``# Compute sum of even and odd digit` `    ``# sums` `    ``oddDigSum ``=` `0` `    ``evenDigSum ``=` `0` `    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``0``,n) :` `        ``# When i is even, position of digit is odd` `        ``if` `(i ``%` `2` `=``=` `0``) :` `            ``oddDigSum ``=` `oddDigSum ``+` `((``int``)(st[i]))` `        ``else``:` `            ``evenDigSum ``=` `evenDigSum ``+` `((``int``)(st[i]))` `    `  `    `  `    ``# Check its difference is divisible by 11 or not` `    ``return` `((oddDigSum ``-` `evenDigSum) ``%` `11` `=``=` `0``)`   `# Driver code` `st ``=` `"76945"` `if``(check(st)) :` `    ``print``( ``"Yes"``)` `else` `: ` `    ``print``(``"No "``)` `    `  `# This code is contributed by Nikita tiwari.`

## C#

 `// C# program to find if a number is` `// divisible by 11 or not` `using` `System;`   `class` `GFG` `{` `    ``// Function to find that number ` `    ``// divisible by 11 or not` `    ``static` `bool` `check(``string` `str)` `    ``{` `        ``int` `n = str.Length;` `    `  `        ``// Compute sum of even and odd digit` `        ``// sums` `        ``int` `oddDigSum = 0, evenDigSum = 0;` `        `  `        ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++)` `        ``{` `            ``// When i is even, position of` `            ``// digit is odd` `            ``if` `(i % 2 == 0)` `                ``oddDigSum += (str[i] - ``'0'``);` `            ``else` `                ``evenDigSum += (str[i] - ``'0'``);` `        ``}` `    `  `        ``// Check its difference is` `        ``// divisible by 11 or not` `        ``return` `((oddDigSum - evenDigSum) ` `                                ``% 11 == 0);` `    ``}` `    `  `    ``// main function` `    ``public` `static` `void` `Main () ` `    ``{` `        ``String str = ``"76945"``;` `        `  `        ``if``(check(str))` `            ``Console.WriteLine(``"Yes"``);` `        ``else` `            ``Console.WriteLine(``"No"``);` `    ``}` `} `   `// This code is contributed by vt_m.`

## PHP

 ``

## Javascript

 ``

Output

`Yes`

Time Complexity: O(logN), where N is the given number.

Auxiliary Space: O(1), as we are not using any extra space.

Method: Checking given number is divisible by 11 or not by using the modulo division operator “%”.

## C++

 `// C++ code to check whether` `// the given number is divisible by 11 or not` `#include ` `using` `namespace` `std;`   `int` `main()` `{` `  `  `    ``// input` `    ``long` `long` `n = 1234567589333892;`   `    ``// the above input can also be given as n=input() ->` `    ``// taking input from user finding given number is` `    ``// divisible by 11 or not` `    ``if` `(n % 11 == 0)` `        ``cout << ``"Yes"` `<< endl;` `    ``else` `        ``cout << ``"No"` `<< endl;` `}`   `// This code is contributed by phasing17`

## Python3

 `# Python code ` `# To check whether the given number is divisible by 11 or not`   `#input ` `n``=``1234567589333892` `# the above input can also be given as n=input() -> taking input from user` `# finding given number is divisible by 11 or not` `if` `int``(n)``%``11``=``=``0``:` `  ``print``(``"Yes"``) ` `else``: ` `  ``print``(``"No"``)`   `  ``# this code is contributed by gangarajula laxmi`

## Javascript

 `// JavaScript code to check whether ` `// the given number is divisible by 11 or not`   `// input ` `let n = 1234567589333892`   `// the above input can also be given as n=input() -> taking input from user` `// finding given number is divisible by 11 or not` `if` `(n % 11 == 0)` `  ``console.log(``"Yes"``) ` `else` `  ``console.log(``"No"``)`   `// this code is contributed by phasing17`

Output

`Yes`

Method: Checking given number is divisible by 11 or not using modulo division.

## C++

 `// C++ program to check if given number is divisible by 11` `// or not using modulo division`   `#include ` `using` `namespace` `std;`   `int` `main()` `{`   `    ``// input number` `    ``int` `num = 76945;` `    ``// checking if the given number is divisible by 11 or` `    ``// not using modulo division operator if the output of` `    ``// num%11 is equal to 0 then given number is divisible` `    ``// by 11 otherwise not divisible by 11` `    ``if` `(num % 11 == 0) {` `        ``cout << ``" divisible"``;` `    ``}` `    ``else` `{` `        ``cout << ``" not divisible"``;` `    ``}` `    ``return` `0;` `}`   `// this code is contributed by gangarajula laxmi`

## Java

 `// java program to check if given number is divisible by 11` `// or not using modulo division`   `import` `java.io.*;`   `class` `GFG {` `    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)` `    ``{` `        ``// input number` `        ``int` `num = ``76945``;` `        ``// checking if the given number is divisible by 11` `        ``// or not` `        ``// using modulo division operator if the output of` `        ``// num%11 is equal to 0 then given number is` `        ``// divisible by 11 otherwise not divisible by 11` `        ``if` `(num % ``11` `== ``0``) {` `            ``System.out.println(``" divisible"``);` `        ``}` `        ``else` `{` `            ``System.out.println(``" not divisible"``);` `        ``}` `    ``}` `}`   `// this code is contributed by gangarajula laxmi`

## C#

 `using` `System;`   `public` `class` `GFG {`   `    ``static` `public` `void` `Main()` `    ``{`   `        ``// input number` `        ``double` `num = 76945;` `      `  `        ``// checking if the given number is divisible by 11` `        ``// or not using modulo division operator if the` `        ``// output of num%11 is equal to 0 then given number` `        ``// is divisible by 11 otherwise not divisible by 11` `        ``if` `(num % 11 == 0) {` `            ``Console.Write(``" divisible"``);` `        ``}` `        ``else` `{` `            ``Console.Write(``" not divisible"``);` `        ``}` `    ``}` `  `  `  ``// this code is contributed by gangarajula laxmi`

## Javascript

 ``

## PHP

 ``

## Python3

 `# Python3 code for the above approach`   `# To check whether the given number is divisible by 11 or not`   `# input ` `n ``=` `76945` `        `  `# finding given number is divisible by 11 or not` `if` `(n ``%` `11` `=``=` `0``):` `    ``print``(``"Yes"``)` `else``:` `    ``print``(``"No"``)`   `#  This code is contributed by phasing17`

Output

` divisible`

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