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# Check if a string can be rearranged to form special palindrome

Given a string str, the task is to check if it can be rearranged to get a special palindromic string. If we can make it print YES else print NO.
A string is called special Palindrome that contains an uppercase and a lower case character of the same character in the palindrome position.

Example: ABCcba is a special palindrome but ABCCBA is not a special palindrome.

Examples:

Input: str = “ABCcba”
Output: YES

Input: str = “ABCCBA”
Output: NO

Approach: Check if the occurrence of the uppercase letter of a character is same as the occurrence of lower case letter of the same character. And also there should be only one odd occurring character. We increase the frequency of each uppercase character by 1 and decrease the frequency of each lowercase character by 1. After this, there should be either zero, 1 or -1 in the frequency array If anything else occurs then we directly say NO else print YES.

Algorithm:

Step 1: Initialize “s” as “ABCdcba” in the input string.
Step 2: Create an integer array “u” with a size of 26 and initialize it with all values set to zero to hold the frequency of each                           character.                                                                                                                                                                                     Step 3: With a for loop, cycle through each character of the string “n” until it reaches the desired length.
Step 4: Use the Character.isUpperCase() function to determine whether each character in the string is uppercase or lowercase.
Step 5: Using the ASCII value of the character to retrieve the associated index, increase the frequency in the “u” array by 1 if the                  character is uppercase.
Step 6: Use the character’s ASCII value to access the associated index and reduce the frequency in the “u” array by 1 if the                            character is lowercase.
Step 7: Boolean variable “f1” should be set to true.                                                                                                                                 Step 8: Set the values of two integer variables, “po” and “ne,” to 0 so that they will, respectively, store the sums of positive and                   negative numbers in the “u” array.
Step 9: Use a for loop to iterate through the “u” array.
Step 10: Add a positive value to the “po” variable if the value at an index in the “u” array is positive.
Step 11: Add the value at that index, if it’s negative, to the “ne” variable.
Step 12: Print “YES” if the product of the positive and negative values is zero.
Step 13: Print “YES” if the product of all positive integers is 1 and the product of all negative numbers is 0.
Step 14: Print “YES” if the total of the positive and negative values is 0, respectively.
Step 15: Print “NO” if not.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ implementation of the above approach ` `#include` `using` `namespace` `std;`   `// Driver code` `int` `main()` `{` `    ``string s = ``"ABCdcba"` `;` `        `  `    ``// creating a array which stores the ` `    ``// frequency of each character` `    ``int` `u[26] = {0};` `    ``int` `n = s.length() ;` `        `  `    ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < n ; i++)` `    ``{` `        ``// Checking if a character is uppercase or not` `        ``if``(``isupper``(s[i])) ` `        ``{` `            ``// Increasing by 1 if uppercase` `            ``u[s[i] - 65] += 1;` `        ``}` `        ``else` `        ``{` `            ``// Decreasing by 1 if lower case ` `            ``u[s[i] - 97] -= 1 ;` `        ``}` `            `  `    ``}` `    ``bool` `f1 = ``true` `;` `    `  `    ``// Storing the sum of positive ` `    ``// numbers in the frequency array ` `    ``int` `po = 0 ;` `        `  `    ``// Storing the sum of negative ` `    ``// numbers in the frequency array` `    ``int` `ne = 0 ;` `        `  `    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0 ; i < 26 ; i++)` `    ``{` `        ``if` `(u[i] > 0)` `            ``po += u[i] ;` `            `  `        ``if` `(u[i] < 0)` `            ``ne += u[i] ;` `    ``}` `    `  `    ``// If all character balances out then its Yes ` `    ``if` `(po == 0 && ne == 0)` `        ``cout << (``"YES"``) << endl;` `    `  `    ``// If there is only 1 character which ` `    ``// does not balances then also it is Yes ` `    ``else` `if` `(po == 1 && ne == 0)` `        ``cout << (``"YES"``) << endl;` `        `  `    ``else` `if` `(po == 0 && ne == -1)` `        ``cout << (``"YES"``) << endl;` `        `  `    ``else` `        ``cout << (``"NO"``) << endl;` `        `  `}`   `// This code is contributed by ` `// Surendra_Gangwar`

## Java

 `// Java implementation of the above approach ` `public` `class` `Improve {`     `    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String args[])` `    ``{` `        ``String s = ``"ABCdcba"` `;` `        `  `        ``// creating a array which stores the  ` `        ``// frequency of each character` `        ``int` `u[] = ``new` `int``[``26``];` `        ``int` `n = s.length() ;` `        `  `        ``for``(``int` `i = ``0``; i < n ; i++)` `        ``{` `            ``// Checking if a character is uppercase or not` `            ``if``(Character.isUpperCase(s.charAt(i))) ` `            ``{` `                ``// Increasing by 1 if uppercase` `                ``u[s.charAt(i) - ``65``] += ``1` `;` `            ``}` `            ``else` `            ``{` `                ``// Decreasing by 1 if lower case ` `                ``u[s.charAt(i) - ``97``] -= ``1` `;` `            ``}` `            `  `        ``}` `        ``boolean` `f1 = ``true` `;` `        `  `        ``// Storing the sum of positive  ` `        ``// numbers in the frequency array ` `        ``int` `po = ``0` `;` `        `  `        ``// Storing the sum of negative  ` `        ``// numbers in the frequency array` `        ``int` `ne = ``0` `;` `        `  `        ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0` `; i < ``26` `; i++)` `        ``{` `            ``if` `(u[i] > ``0``)` `                ``po += u[i] ;` `            `  `            ``if` `(u[i] < ``0``)` `                ``ne += u[i] ;` `        ``}` `        `  `        ``// If all character balances out then its Yes ` `        ``if` `(po == ``0` `&& ne == ``0``)` `            ``System.out.println(``"YES"``) ;` `        `  `        ``// If there is only 1 character which  ` `        ``// does not balances then also it is Yes ` `        ``else` `if` `(po == ``1` `&& ne == ``0``)` `            ``System.out.println(``"YES"``) ;` `        `  `        ``else` `if` `(po == ``0` `&& ne == -``1``)` `            ``System.out.println(``"YES"``) ;` `        `  `        ``else` `            ``System.out.println(``"NO"``) ;` `        `  `        `  `    ``}` `    ``// This code is contributed by ANKITRAI1` `}`

## Python3

 `# Python implementation of the above approach` `s ``=` `"ABCdcba"`   `# creating a list which stores the ` `# frequency of each character` `u ``=` `[``0``] ``*` `26`  `n ``=` `len``(s)` `for` `i ``in` `range``(n):` `    ``# Checking if a character is uppercase or not` `    ``if` `(s[i].isupper()):  ` `        ``# Increasing by 1 if uppercase` `        ``u[``ord``(s[i]) ``-` `65``] ``+``=` `1`  `    ``else``:` `        ``# Decreasing by 1 if lower case` `        ``u[``ord``(s[i]) ``-` `97``] ``-``=` `1`  `fl ``=` `True`   `# Storing the sum of positive ` `# numbers in the frequency array` `po ``=` `0`    `# Storing the sum of negative ` `# numbers in the frequency array` `ne ``=` `0`  `for` `i ``in` `range``(``26``):` `    ``if` `(u[i] > ``0``):` `        ``po ``+``=` `u[i]` `    ``if` `(u[i] < ``0``):` `        ``ne ``+``=` `u[i]`   `# If all character balances out then its Yes` `if` `(po ``=``=` `0` `and` `ne ``=``=` `0``):  ` `    ``print``(``"YES"``)`   `# If there is only 1 character which ` `# does not balances then also it is Yes` `elif` `(po ``=``=` `1` `and` `ne ``=``=` `0``):  ` `    ``print``(``"YES"``)` `elif` `(po ``=``=` `0` `and` `ne ``=``=` `-``1``):` `    ``print``(``"YES"``)` `else``:` `    ``print``(``"NO"``)`

## C#

 `// C# implementation of the ` `// above approach` `using` `System; `   `class` `GFG ` `{` `public` `static` `void` `Main()` `{` `    ``string` `s = ``"ABCdcba"` `;` `    `  `    ``// creating a array which stores ` `    ``// the frequency of each character` `    ``int``[] u = ``new` `int``[26];` `    ``int` `n = s.Length ;` `    `  `    ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < n ; i++)` `    ``{` `        ``// Checking if a character is` `        ``// uppercase or not` `        ``if``(Char.IsUpper(s[i])) ` `        ``{` `            ``// Increasing by 1 if uppercase` `            ``u[s[i] - 65] += 1 ;` `        ``}` `        ``else` `        ``{` `            ``// Decreasing by 1 if lower case ` `            ``u[s[i] - 97] -= 1 ;` `        ``}` `    ``}`   `    ``// Storing the sum of positive ` `    ``// numbers in the frequency array ` `    ``int` `po = 0 ;` `    `  `    ``// Storing the sum of negative ` `    ``// numbers in the frequency array` `    ``int` `ne = 0 ;` `    `  `    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0 ; i < 26 ; i++)` `    ``{` `        ``if` `(u[i] > 0)` `            ``po += u[i] ;` `        `  `        ``if` `(u[i] < 0)` `            ``ne += u[i] ;` `    ``}` `    `  `    ``// If all character balances ` `    ``// out then its Yes ` `    ``if` `(po == 0 && ne == 0)` `        ``Console.Write(``"YES"``+``"\n"``) ;` `    `  `    ``// If there is only 1 character which ` `    ``// does not balances then also it is Yes ` `    ``else` `if` `(po == 1 && ne == 0)` `        ``Console.Write(``"YES"``+``"\n"``) ;` `    `  `    ``else` `if` `(po == 0 && ne == -1)` `        ``Console.Write(``"YES"` `+ ``"\n"``) ;` `    `  `    ``else` `        ``Console.Write(``"NO"` `+ ``"\n"``) ;` `}` `}`   `// This code is contributed ` `// by ChitraNayal`

## Javascript

 ``

Output

`YES`

Time complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary space: O(1)

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