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Characteristics of Internet of Things

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  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 11 Oct, 2022
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In this article, we will discuss the overview of the Internet of Things and mainly will focus on the Characteristics of the Internet of Things. Let’s discuss it one by one.

Overview :
The term Internet of Things(IoT) has emerged over the past few years as one of the popular “technology buzz” terms. In today’s technological world IoT figures prominently in technology discussions due to its rapid growth. There are multiple ways to define IoT. 

Internet of Things :
According to the definition of IoT, It is the way to interconnection with the help of the internet devices that can be embedded to implement the functionality in everyday objects by enabling them to send and receive data. Today data is everything and everywhere. Hence, IoT can also be defined as the analysis of the data generate a meaning action, triggered subsequently after the interchange of data. IoT can be used to build applications for agriculture, assets tracking, energy sector, safety and security sector, defence, embedded applications, education, waste management, healthcare product, telemedicine, smart city applications, etc.

Characteristics of the Internet of Things :
There are the following characteristics of IoT as follows. Let’s discuss it one by one.

  1. Connectivity –
    Connectivity is an important requirement of the IoT infrastructure. Things of IoT should be connected to the IoT infrastructure. Anyone, anywhere, anytime can connect, this should be guaranteed at all times. For example, connection between people through internet devices like mobile phones ,and other gadgets, also connection between Internet devices such as routers, gateways, sensors, etc.                              
  2. Intelligence and Identity – 
    The extraction of knowledge from the generated data is very important. For example, a sensor generates data, but that data will only be useful if it is interpreted properly. Each IoT device has a unique identity. This identification is helpful in tracking the equipment and at times for querying its status.
  3. Scalability – 
    The number of elements connected to the IoT zone is increasing day by day. Hence, an IoT setup should be capable of handling the massive expansion. The data generated as an outcome is enormous, and it should be handled appropriately.
  4. Dynamic and Self-Adapting (Complexity) –
    IoT devices should dynamically adapt themselves to the changing contexts and scenarios.  Assume a camera meant for the surveillance. It should be adaptable to work in different conditions and different light situations (morning, afternoon, night).
  5. Architecture – 
    IoT architecture cannot be homogeneous in nature. It should be hybrid, supporting different manufacturers ‘ products to function in the IoT network. IoT is not owned by anyone engineering branch. IoT is a reality when multiple domains come together.
  6. Safety – 
    There is a danger of the sensitive personal details of the users getting compromised when all his/her devices are connected to the internet. This can cause a loss to the user. Hence, data security is the major challenge. Besides, the equipment involved is huge. IoT networks may also be at the risk. Therefore, equipment safety is also critical.
  7. Self Configuring – This is one of the most important characteristics of IoT. IoT devices are able to upgrade their software in accordance with requirements with a minimum of user participation. Additionally, they can set up the network, allowing for the addition of new devices to an already-existing network.
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