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Category Archives: Computer Organization & Architecture

Arithmetic Logic Shift Unit (ALSU) is a member of the Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU) in a computer system. It is a digital circuit that performs… Read More
8085 is an 8-bit, general-purpose microprocessor. It consists of the following functional units: Arithmetic and Logic Unit (ALU) : It is used to perform mathematical… Read More
Auxiliary Carry Flag (AF) is one of the six status flags in the 8086 microprocessor.  This flag is used in BCD (Binary-coded Decimal) operations. The… Read More
The 68000 processor is characterized by a 16-bit external word length as the processor chip has 16 data pins for connection to the memory. However,… Read More
Quantum computing is an emerging commercial phase that is expected to bring great changes to the world. Its ability to solve problems with good accuracy… Read More
1. Assembly level language :It is a low-level language that allows users to write a program using alphanumeric mnemonic codes, instead of numeric code for… Read More
1. Emulation :Emulation, as name suggests, is a technique that enables host system to run software or use peripheral devices especially designed for guest system.… Read More
The processor also known as CPU is a piece of hardware. It is often referred to as the “Brain of a PC” because all the… Read More
Analytical Engine generally considered the first mechanical computer designed by Charles Babbage in 1837. It was one of the most successful achievements of him. His… Read More
ROM is a read-only memory which is used to store the data. The memory in the ROM is organized as a two-dimensional array of memory… Read More
I2C stands for Inter-Integrated Circuit. It is a bus interface connection protocol incorporated into devices for serial communication. It was originally designed by Philips Semiconductor… Read More
Prerequisite – Complement of a Number The use of complements is to mainly perform Subtraction. We can easily perform addition in contrast if we would… Read More
Leibniz Calculator : In the year 1671, the scientist named Gottfried Leibniz generally modified the Pascal calculator, and he designed his own machine for performing… Read More
Spatial Computing is termed as a user interface that uses technology to make a computer interface in a three-dimensional world by changing the physical reality… Read More
Pascal’s Calculator : In the year 1642, a French scientist named Blaise Pascal invented the machine used for addition called Pascal’s calculation. It is a… Read More

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