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Calculate sum of the array generated by given operations

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  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 10 Jun, 2021

Given an array arr[] consisting of N strings, the task is to find the total sum of the array brr[] (initially empty) constructed by performing following operations while traversing the given array arr[]:

Examples:

Input: arr[] = {“5”, “2”, “C”, “D”, “+”}
Output: 30
Explanation:
While traversing the array arr[], the array brr[] is modified as:

  • “5” – Add 5 to the array brr[]. Now, the array brr[] modifies to {5}.
  • “2” – Add 2 to the array brr[]. Now, the array brr[] modifies to {5, 2}.
  • “C” – Remove the last element from the array brr[]. Now, the array brr[] modifies to {5}.
  • “D” – Add twice the last element of the array brr[] to the array brr[]. Now, the array brr[] modifies to {5, 10}.
  • “+” – Add the sum of the last two elements of the array brr[] to the array brr[]. Now the array brr[] modifies to {5, 10, 15}.

After performing the above operations, the total sum of the array brr[] is 5 + 10 + 15 = 30.

Input: arr[] = {“5”, “-2”, “4”, “C”, “D”, “9”, “+”, “+”}
Output: 27

Approach: The idea to solve the given problem is to use a Stack. Follow the steps below to solve the problem:

  • Initialize a stack of integers, say S, and initialize a variable, say ans as 0, to store the resultant sum of the array formed.
  • Traverse the given array arr[] and perform the following steps:
    • If the value of arr[i] is “C”, then subtract the top element of the stack from the ans and pop it from S.
    • If the value of arr[i] is “D”, then push twice the top element of the stack S in the stack S and then add its value to ans.
    • If the value of arr[i] is “+”, then push the value of the sum of the top two elements of the stack S and add their sum to ans.
    • Otherwise, push arr[i] to the stack S, and add its value to ans. 
  • After the loop, print the value of ans as the result.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program for the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the sum of the array
// formed by performing given set of
// operations while traversing the array ops[]
void findTotalSum(vector<string>& ops)
{
    // If the size of array is 0
    if (ops.empty()) {
        cout << 0;
        return;
    }
 
    stack<int> pts;
 
    // Stores the required sum
    int ans = 0;
 
    // Traverse the array ops[]
    for (int i = 0; i < ops.size(); i++) {
 
        // If the character is C, remove
        // the top element from the stack
        if (ops[i] == "C") {
 
            ans -= pts.top();
            pts.pop();
        }
 
        // If the character is D, then push
        // 2 * top element into stack
        else if (ops[i] == "D") {
 
            pts.push(pts.top() * 2);
            ans += pts.top();
        }
 
        // If the character is +, add sum
        // of top two elements from the stack
        else if (ops[i] == "+") {
 
            int a = pts.top();
            pts.pop();
            int b = pts.top();
            pts.push(a);
            ans += (a + b);
            pts.push(a + b);
        }
 
        // Otherwise, push x
        // and add it to ans
        else {
            int n = stoi(ops[i]);
            ans += n;
            pts.push(n);
        }
    }
 
    // Print the resultant sum
    cout << ans;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    vector<string> arr = { "5", "-2", "C", "D", "+" };
    findTotalSum(arr);
 
    return 0;
}


Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.io.*;
import java.lang.*;
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG
{
 
  // Function to find the sum of the array
  // formed by performing given set of
  // operations while traversing the array ops[]
  static void findTotalSum(String ops[])
  {
 
    // If the size of array is 0
    if (ops.length == 0)
    {
      System.out.println(0);
      return;
    }
 
    Stack<Integer> pts = new Stack<>();
 
    // Stores the required sum
    int ans = 0;
 
    // Traverse the array ops[]
    for (int i = 0; i < ops.length; i++) {
 
      // If the character is C, remove
      // the top element from the stack
      if (ops[i] == "C") {
 
        ans -= pts.pop();
      }
 
      // If the character is D, then push
      // 2 * top element into stack
      else if (ops[i] == "D") {
 
        pts.push(pts.peek() * 2);
        ans += pts.peek();
      }
 
      // If the character is +, add sum
      // of top two elements from the stack
      else if (ops[i] == "+") {
 
        int a = pts.pop();
        int b = pts.peek();
        pts.push(a);
        ans += (a + b);
        pts.push(a + b);
      }
 
      // Otherwise, push x
      // and add it to ans
      else {
        int n = Integer.parseInt(ops[i]);
        ans += n;
        pts.push(n);
      }
    }
 
    // Print the resultant sum
    System.out.println(ans);
  }
 
  // Driver Code
  public static void main(String[] args)
  {
 
    String arr[] = { "5", "-2", "C", "D", "+" };
    findTotalSum(arr);
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Kingash.


Python3




# Python3 program for the above approach
 
# Function to find the sum of the array
# formed by performing given set of
# operations while traversing the array ops[]
def findTotalSum(ops):
 
    # If the size of array is 0
    if (len(ops) == 0):
        print(0)
        return
 
    pts = []
 
    # Stores the required sum
    ans = 0
 
    # Traverse the array ops[]
    for i in range(len(ops)):
 
        # If the character is C, remove
        # the top element from the stack
        if (ops[i] == "C"):
 
            ans -= pts[-1]
            pts.pop()
 
        # If the character is D, then push
        # 2 * top element into stack
        elif (ops[i] == "D"):
 
            pts.append(pts[-1] * 2)
            ans += pts[-1]
 
        # If the character is +, add sum
        # of top two elements from the stack
        elif (ops[i] == "+"):
 
            a = pts[-1]
            pts.pop()
            b = pts[-1]
            pts.append(a)
            ans += (a + b)
            pts.append(a + b)
 
        # Otherwise, push x
        # and add it to ans
        else:
            n = int(ops[i])
            ans += n
            pts.append(n)
 
    # Print the resultant sum
    print(ans)
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == "__main__":
 
    arr = ["5", "-2", "C", "D", "+"]
    findTotalSum(arr)
 
    # This code is contributed by ukasp.


C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
 
class GFG{
 
// Function to find the sum of the array
// formed by performing given set of
// operations while traversing the array ops[]
static void findTotalSum(string []ops)
{
 
    // If the size of array is 0
    if (ops.Length == 0)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(0);
        return;
    }
     
    Stack<int> pts = new Stack<int>();
     
    // Stores the required sum
    int ans = 0;
     
    // Traverse the array ops[]
    for(int i = 0; i < ops.Length; i++)
    {
         
        // If the character is C, remove
        // the top element from the stack
        if (ops[i] == "C")
        {
            ans -= pts.Pop();
        }
         
        // If the character is D, then push
        // 2 * top element into stack
        else if (ops[i] == "D")
        {
            pts.Push(pts.Peek() * 2);
            ans += pts.Peek();
        }
         
        // If the character is +, add sum
        // of top two elements from the stack
        else if (ops[i] == "+")
        {
            int a = pts.Pop();
            int b = pts.Peek();
            pts.Push(a);
            ans += (a + b);
            pts.Push(a + b);
        }
         
        // Otherwise, push x
        // and add it to ans
        else
        {
            int n = Int32.Parse(ops[i]);
            ans += n;
            pts.Push(n);
        }
    }
     
    // Print the resultant sum
    Console.WriteLine(ans);
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void Main()
{
    string []arr = { "5", "-2", "C", "D", "+" };
     
    findTotalSum(arr);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by ipg2016107


Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript program for the above approach
 
// Function to find the sum of the array
// formed by performing given set of
// operations while traversing the array ops[]
function findTotalSum(ops)
{
    // If the size of array is 0
    if (ops.length==0) {
        document.write( 0);
        return;
    }
 
    var pts = [];
 
    // Stores the required sum
    var ans = 0;
 
    // Traverse the array ops[]
    for (var i = 0; i < ops.length; i++) {
 
        // If the character is C, remove
        // the top element from the stack
        if (ops[i] == "C") {
 
            ans -= pts[pts.length-1];
            pts.pop();
        }
 
        // If the character is D, then push
        // 2 * top element into stack
        else if (ops[i] == "D") {
 
            pts.push(pts[pts.length-1] * 2);
            ans += pts[pts.length-1];
        }
 
        // If the character is +, add sum
        // of top two elements from the stack
        else if (ops[i] == "+") {
 
            var a = pts[pts.length-1];
            pts.pop();
            var b = pts[pts.length-1];
            pts.push(a);
            ans += (a + b);
            pts.push(a + b);
        }
 
        // Otherwise, push x
        // and add it to ans
        else {
            var n = parseInt(ops[i]);
            ans += n;
            pts.push(n);
        }
    }
 
    // Print the resultant sum
    document.write( ans);
}
 
// Driver Code
 
var arr = ["5", "-2", "C", "D", "+" ];
findTotalSum(arr);
 
 
</script>


Output: 

30

 

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(N)

 


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