Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Calculate extra cost to be paid for luggage based on weight for Air travel

View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article
  • Last Updated : 11 Jan, 2022

Given an array weight[] of size N containing weights of luggage. If the weights are within a threshold of W then it does not require any extra cost. But after the weights cross the threshold they need to pay extra cost according to the following table. The task is to calculate the extra cost of the luggage required.

Range of exceeding weight  Cost for the excess weight
            0 – 50               100
          51 – 100               200
        101 – 150               300
        151 – 200               500
           > 200               1000

Examples: 

Input: weight[] = {5, 4, 3, 6}, W = 8
Output: 0
Explanation: No weight crosses the threshold. So no extra cost is incurred.

Input: weight[] = {120, 135, 280, 60, 300}, W = 90
Output: 1700
Explanation: The weight 120 is 30 more than the threshold. So, it requires 100 extra cost.
The weight 135 is 45 more than the threshold. So, it requires 100 extra cost.
The weight 280 is 190 more than the threshold. So, it requires 500 extra cost.
The weight 300 is 210 more than the threshold. So, it requires 1000 extra cost.
And the weight 60 is within threshold. So, it requires no cost.
The total extra cost is (100 + 100 + 500 + 1000) = 1700

 

Approach: The approach is based on following observation. If a luggage has weight above threshold W then it incurs extra cost according to the given table. Follow the steps mentioned below to solve the problem:

  • Iterate the array from the start.
    • Check if the current luggage has weight more than W.
      • If it has, then add extra cost according the excess weight following the table given.
      • Else continue iteration.
  • Return the total extra cost

Below is the implementation of the above approach,

C++




// C++ code to implement the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to calculate the extra cost
int weighingMachine(int N, int weight[], int W)
{
    int amount = 0;
 
    // Loop to calculate the excess cost
    for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
        if (weight[i] - W > 0 && weight[i] - W <= 50)
            amount += 100;
        else if (weight[i] - W > 50 && weight[i] - W <= 100)
            amount += 200;
        else if (weight[i] - W > 100
                 && weight[i] - W <= 150)
            amount += 300;
        else if (weight[i] - W > 150
                 && weight[i] - W <= 200)
            amount += 500;
        else if (weight[i] - W > 200)
            amount += 1000;
    }
    return amount;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int weight[] = { 120, 135, 280, 60, 300 };
    int N = 5;
    int W = 90;
 
    cout << weighingMachine(N, weight, W);
}
 
// This code is contributed by Samim Hossain Mondal.


Java




// Java code to implement the above approach
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to calculate the extra cost
    static int weighingMachine(int N, int weight[], int W)
    {
        int amount = 0;
 
        // Loop to calculate the excess cost
        for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
            if (weight[i] - W > 0
                && weight[i] - W <= 50)
                amount += 100;
            else if (weight[i] - W > 50
                     && weight[i] - W <= 100)
                amount += 200;
            else if (weight[i] - W > 100
                     && weight[i] - W <= 150)
                amount += 300;
            else if (weight[i] - W > 150
                     && weight[i] - W <= 200)
                amount += 500;
            else if (weight[i] - W > 200)
                amount += 1000;
        }
        return amount;
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int weight[] =
        { 120, 135, 280, 60, 300 };
        int N = 5;
        int W = 90;
 
        System.out.println(
          weighingMachine(N, weight, W));
    }
}


Python




# Python code to implement the above approach
 
# Function to calculate the extra cost
def weighingMachine(N, weight, W):
     
    amount = 0;
 
    # Loop to calculate the excess cost
    for i in range(0, N):
        if (weight[i] - W > 0 and weight[i] - W <= 50):
            amount = amount + 100
        elif (weight[i] - W > 50 and weight[i] - W <= 100):
            amount = amount + 200
        elif (weight[i] - W > 100
                 and weight[i] - W <= 150):
            amount = amount + 300
        elif (weight[i] - W > 150
                 and weight[i] - W <= 200):
            amount = amount + 500;
        elif (weight[i] - W > 200):
            amount = amount + 1000
             
    return amount
 
# Driver code
weight = [ 120, 135, 280, 60, 300 ]
N = 5
W = 90
 
print(weighingMachine(N, weight, W))
 
# This code is contributed by Samim Hossain Mondal.


C#




// C# code to implement the above approach
using System;
 
public class GFG {
 
  // Function to calculate the extra cost
  static int weighingMachine(int N, int []weight, int W)
  {
    int amount = 0;
 
    // Loop to calculate the excess cost
    for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
      if (weight[i] - W > 0
          && weight[i] - W <= 50)
        amount += 100;
      else if (weight[i] - W > 50
               && weight[i] - W <= 100)
        amount += 200;
      else if (weight[i] - W > 100
               && weight[i] - W <= 150)
        amount += 300;
      else if (weight[i] - W > 150
               && weight[i] - W <= 200)
        amount += 500;
      else if (weight[i] - W > 200)
        amount += 1000;
    }
    return amount;
  }
 
  // Driver code
  public static void Main(String[] args)
  {
    int []weight =
    { 120, 135, 280, 60, 300 };
    int N = 5;
    int W = 90;
 
    Console.WriteLine(
      weighingMachine(N, weight, W));
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar


Javascript




<script>
        // JavaScript code for the above approach
 
 
        // Function to calculate the extra cost
        function weighingMachine(N, weight, W) {
            let amount = 0;
 
            // Loop to calculate the excess cost
            for (let i = 0; i < N; i++) {
                if (weight[i] - W > 0
                    && weight[i] - W <= 50)
                    amount += 100;
                else if (weight[i] - W > 50
                    && weight[i] - W <= 100)
                    amount += 200;
                else if (weight[i] - W > 100
                    && weight[i] - W <= 150)
                    amount += 300;
                else if (weight[i] - W > 150
                    && weight[i] - W <= 200)
                    amount += 500;
                else if (weight[i] - W > 200)
                    amount += 1000;
            }
            return amount;
        }
 
        // Driver code
 
        let weight =
            [120, 135, 280, 60, 300];
        let N = 5;
        let W = 90;
 
        document.write(
            weighingMachine(N, weight, W));
 
 
  // This code is contributed by Potta Lokesh
    </script>


 
 

Output

1700

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

 


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!