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C Program For Writing A Function To Get Nth Node In A Linked List

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  • Last Updated : 22 Jun, 2022
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Write a GetNth() function that takes a linked list and an integer index and returns the data value stored in the node at that index position. 

Example: 

Input:  1->10->30->14,  index = 2
Output: 30  
The node at index 2 is 30

Algorithm: 

1. Initialize count = 0
2. Loop through the link list
     a. If count is equal to the passed index then return current
         node
     b. Increment count
     c. Change current to point to next of the current.

Implementation: 

C




// C program to find n'th
// node in linked list
#include <assert.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
 
// Link list node
struct Node
{
    int data;
    struct Node* next;
};
 
/* Given a reference (pointer to
   pointer) to the head of a list
   and an int, push a new node on
   the front of the list. */
void push(struct Node** head_ref,
          int new_data)
{
    // Allocate node
    struct Node* new_node =
           (struct Node*)malloc(sizeof(struct Node));
 
    // Put in the data
    new_node->data = new_data;
 
    // Link the old list
    // off the new node
    new_node->next = (*head_ref);
 
    // Move the head to point
    // to the new node
    (*head_ref) = new_node;
}
 
// Takes head pointer of
// the linked list and index
// as arguments and return
// data at index
int GetNth(struct Node* head,
           int index)
{
    struct Node* current = head;
 
    // The index of the node we're
    // currently looking at
    int count = 0;
    while (current != NULL)
    {
        if (count == index)
            return (current->data);
        count++;
        current = current->next;
    }
 
    /* If we get to this line, the
       caller was asking for a
       non-existent element so we
        assert fail */
    assert(0);
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    // Start with the empty list
    struct Node* head = NULL;
 
    // Use push() to construct list
    // 1->12->1->4->1
    push(&head, 1);
    push(&head, 4);
    push(&head, 1);
    push(&head, 12);
    push(&head, 1);
 
    // Check the count function
    printf("Element at index 3 is %d",
            GetNth(head, 3));
    getchar();
}


Output:

Element at index 3 is 4

Time Complexity: O(n)

Space Complexity : O(1)  since using constant space for nodes and variables.

Please refer complete article on Write a function to get Nth node in a Linked List for more details!


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