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C Program For Deleting A Linked List Node At A Given Position

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  • Last Updated : 16 Jun, 2022

Given a singly linked list and a position, delete a linked list node at the given position.


Input: position = 1, Linked List = 8->2->3->1->7
Output: Linked List =  8->3->1->7

Input: position = 0, Linked List = 8->2->3->1->7
Output: Linked List = 2->3->1->7

If the node to be deleted is the root, simply delete it. To delete a middle node, we must have a pointer to the node previous to the node to be deleted. So if positions are not zero, we run a loop position-1 times and get a pointer to the previous node.

Below is the implementation of the above idea.


// A complete working C program to delete a node in a linked list
// at a given position
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
// A linked list node
struct Node
    int data;
    struct Node *next;
/* Given a reference (pointer to pointer) to the head of a list
   and an int inserts a new node on the front of the list. */
void push(struct Node** head_ref, int new_data)
    struct Node* new_node = (struct Node*) malloc(sizeof(struct Node));
    new_node->data  = new_data;
    new_node->next = (*head_ref);
    (*head_ref)    = new_node;
/* Given a reference (pointer to pointer) to the head of a list
   and a position, deletes the node at the given position */
void deleteNode(struct Node **head_ref, int position)
   // If linked list is empty
   if (*head_ref == NULL)
   // Store head node
   struct Node* temp = *head_ref;
    // If head needs to be removed
    if (position == 0)
        *head_ref = temp->next;   // Change head
        free(temp);               // free old head
    // Find previous node of the node to be deleted
    for (int i=0; temp!=NULL && i<position-1; i++)
         temp = temp->next;
    // If position is more than number of nodes
    if (temp == NULL || temp->next == NULL)
    // Node temp->next is the node to be deleted
    // Store pointer to the next of node to be deleted
    struct Node *next = temp->next->next;
    // Unlink the node from linked list
    free(temp->next);  // Free memory
    temp->next = next;  // Unlink the deleted node from list
// This function prints contents of linked list starting from
// the given node
void printList(struct Node *node)
    while (node != NULL)
        printf(" %d ", node->data);
        node = node->next;
/* Driver program to test above functions*/
int main()
    /* Start with the empty list */
    struct Node* head = NULL;
    push(&head, 7);
    push(&head, 1);
    push(&head, 3);
    push(&head, 2);
    push(&head, 8);
    puts("Created Linked List: ");
    deleteNode(&head, 4);
Linked List after Deletion at position 4: ");
    return 0;


Created Linked List: 
 8  2  3  1  7 
Linked List after Deletion at position 4: 
 8  2  3  1 

Time Complexity: O(n), where n represents the length of the given linked list.
Auxiliary Space: O(1), no extra space is required, so it is a constant.

Please refer complete article on Delete a Linked List node at a given position for more details!

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