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BigInteger signum() Method in Java

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  • Last Updated : 12 May, 2021
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prerequisite : BigInteger Basics 
The java.math.BigInteger.signum() method helps us to identify whether a BigInteger is positive or zero or negative. It returns one of the following values depending on the following conditions: 

  • returns -1 when number is negative
  • returns 0 when number is zero
  • returns +1 when number is positive


public int signum()

Parameters: The method does not take any parameters.
Return Value: The method returns -1, 0 or 1 as the value of this BigInteger when they are negative, zero or positive respectively.


Input: 2300 
Output: 1
Explanation: 2300 is positive number 
so the method returns 1

Input: -5482549 
Output: -1

Below program illustrate the signum() method of BigInteger. 


// Program Demonstrate signum() method of BigInteger
import java.math.*;
public class GFG {
    public static void main(String[] args)
        // Creating BigInteger object
        BigInteger biginteger = new BigInteger("2300");
        // Call signum() method on bigInteger
        // store the return value as int
        int sigvalue = biginteger.signum();
        // Depending upon sign value find sign of biginteger
        String sign = null;
        if (sigvalue == 0)
            sign = "zero";
        else if (sigvalue == 1)
            sign = "positive";
            sign = "negative";
        // Defining result
        String result = "BigInteger " + biginteger + " is " +
        sign + " and Sing value is " + sigvalue;
        // Print result


BigInteger 2300 is positive and Sing value is 1



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